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Unit 1 期末复习

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  1. 形容词修饰名词 副词修饰动词 副词修饰形容词 Unit 1期末复习 一: 词性变化 concern (v.)---- ____________(adj.) loose (adj.)----_____________(adv.) German-----______________(n.德国) entire (adj.)---_____________(adv.) power (n.) _________________ (adj.) dust (n.) ____________ (adj.) exact (adj.)____________ (adv.) like (v.)_____________(反义词) concerned loosely Germany entirely powerful/powerless dusty exactly dislike

  2. 短语: add up to add A to B cheat in the exam hide away( be crazy about 1. 加起来总计 2. 把A加到B 3. 考试作弊 4. 躲藏,隐匿 5. 对…狂热 Add up your scores 1.__________________ and we’ll see who won. 把你的得分加起来,我们就知道谁赢了。 2.These numbers ________________ 100. 这些数目合计为100。 add up to

  3. hid 3. The thief _____(hide) away in a friend ’s house. 4. The gun __________ (hide)in the hole. was hidden hide , hid, hidden

  4. 经典句型: 1.While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. While you were =_______ _____ _____ walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 当他住在美国时,他学会了一些英语 While living ________ ________ in America, he picked up some English.

  5. When I was travelling in Beijing, I happened to meet a former classmate. _______ __________ in Beijing, I happened to meet a former classmate. While travelling When I was staying in Beijing, he often drove me to work. When staying in Beijing, he often drove me to work. 当从句的主语和主句的主语一致时,而且 从句的谓语动词含有Be 动词,则从句的 主语和be动词可以一起省略。

  6. 2. It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face It is/was +the+序数词+time+that+主语+完成时态 It is the second time that Tom________ to Beijing It was the third time that I _________ to the super star. has been hadseen

  7. I’m not familiar with the town. It is the first time that I ______________(come). He told me it was the fourth time that he ________________________ (犯同样的错误). have come here had made the same mistake

  8. 3. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that是强调句。强调句的构成:It is / was +被强调部分 + that/ who(被强调部分是人时, 可用who替代that) …

  9. 练一练:对句子划线部分进行强调 I came across themin the clubtwo days ago. It was I who came across them in the club two days ago. It was themthat I came across in the club two days ago.

  10. It was in the clubthat I came across them two days ago. It was two days ago that I came across them in the club. 现在是我生气了。 It _____ ______ _______ __________ _____________ now. is I who am /get angry

  11. Unit 2 词性变化 gradually • gradual (adj.)________________(adv.) • 2. fluent (adj.)_____________(adv.) • 3. frequent (adj.)____________(adv.) • 4. Africa(n.)______________(adj.) fluently frequently African

  12. 短语: 1. 比以往任何时候更 than ever before 区别: • because/ because of • such as / for example • the number of / a number of • Even if 注意: make use of 的被动语态 We can make good use of waste paper. Waste paper can be made good use of

  13. 1. Because of / because 因为你的关心,我发现生活充满了希望。 1)___________you are concerned about me, I find that life is full of hope. 2)_______________ your concern, I find that life is full of hope. Because Because of

  14. because / because of 1.他因为下雨没有来。 He didn’t come __________ it rained. =He didn’t come __________ the rain. 2.妈妈因为你所作所为而生气。 Mother got angry _________ what you did. 3.他由于偷窃而被关进监狱。 He was put in prison __________ stealing. because because of because of because of because(连词)+ 句子 because of (介词)+名词/代词/动名词/what引导的从句

  15. 5. India has a very large number of fluent English speakers… A number of books ___________(need). A number of students _________________ ( visit) the Summer Palace. a number of + n.(pl.)大量的 (其后谓语动词用复数) are needed have visited

  16. the number of +n.(pl.)….的数目 (其后谓语动词用单数) The number of homeless people ______________(increase). is increasing The number of people invited_____ fifty, but a number of them _____absent for different reasons. A . were; was B. was; was C. was ; were D. were; were √

  17. 6. such as & for example such as 用来列举事物时, 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个例子且所列举事物的数量不能等于它前面所提到的总和, 一旦相等,要用that is 或namely. I have three good friends, such as John, Jack and Tom. × I have been to many cities, such as Hangzhou and Wuhang.

  18. for example: 用来举例说明某一论点或情况, 一般只举同类人或物中的 “一个” 为例, 作插入语,可位于句首, 句中或句尾, 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开. 其后的例子可以是从句. for example 1)I would like to keep a pet, a dog,____________. 2)Ball games, ____________,football, have spread around the world. 3)English is now spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. ___________, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers. for example For example

  19. 重点句型: 1. Native English speaker can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 是连词词组,用来引导让步状语从句;若主、从句皆表示将来情况,从句中可用一般现在时代替将来时。 even if ( = even though ): \即使;尽管

  20. Even if it __________(rain) tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing. Even if I_______(have) money, I wouldn’t buy it. He will not let out the secret even if he __________(know) it. rains had knows

  21. Unit 3 • 词性变化: • advantages-------反义词 • determine (v.) • 3.final(adj.)----_____________(adv.) • 4. rely(v.)---________________(adj.) disadvantages ----______________(adj.) ________________(n.) determined determination finally reliable 动词的过去式和过去分词,--ing形式 preferred preferred preferring Prefer ____________________________ Bend _____________________________ bent bent bending

  22. 词汇句型的用法 • Prefer • Ever since • insist • 决定做某事 • 强调句 • Persuade

  23. Preferred, preferring “较喜欢,宁愿” Prefer Which one do you prefer, hami melon or watermelon ? I prefer hami melon to watermelon. prefer A to B

  24. What do you prefer to do if you are ill? 1)prefer to do sth . 2)prefer doing sth. 3)Prefer doing A to doing B 4)Prefer to do A rather than do B I prefer to take some medicine . I prefer taking some medicine. I prefer taking some medicine to having an injection. I prefer to take some medicine rather than have an injection

  25. . Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 从中学起, 我姐姐王薇和我梦想作一次了不起的自行车旅行。 自从…以来(主句与完成时连用 Ever since: 自从我丢了钱以后,我就一直在担心。 I __________________( be) worried ever since I lost the money. have been

  26. Persuade sb (not ) to do sth 1)我劝他戒烟。 I persuaded him ________________. to give up smoking. 2) 我劝他不要在户外玩耍。 not to play outdoors. I persuade him _______________________.

  27. . She insisted that she organize the trip properly. I insisted that he ________________(come) with us. 我坚持主张他跟我们同行。 1) insist: 坚决主张 insist that 从句 (从句的谓语动词为 (should )+动词原形 should come be sent He insisted that the computer ______________ (send ) to him at once.

  28. 2) 坚持说(表示一个事实) insist that 从句( 从句用陈述语气, 即按需要选择时态 He insisted that he ______________( not steal) the girl’s handbag. 他坚持说他没有偷那女孩的包。 hadn’t stolen He insisted that he __________( be ) right. was

  29. 3) insist on/upon doing sth 坚持主张干某事 one’s doing sth. 我坚持要青海旅游。 I insisted on having a trip to Qinghai. 我坚持要他明天和我一起去。 I insisted that he go with me tomorrow. I insisted on ________________ with me. his going 他坚持要我和他一起去。 He insisted that I go with him tomorrow. He insisted on _______________ with him. my going

  30. determined : adj.“有决心的;坚决的”。 Emily is a very determined woman. be determined to do sth. =decide to do sth ==make up one’s mind to do sth. 他决定要做一次伟大的自行车旅行。 He was determined to take a great bike trip.

  31. Unit 4 词性变化 national • nation(n.)___________(adj.) • Extreme(adj.)_____________(adv.) • Frighten(v.)_______________(adj. • __________________(adj.) • 4. sincere(adj.)_________________(adv.) • 5. injure(v.)_________________(adj.) • 6. use(n/v.)_________________(adj.) • 7. cycle(v.)________________(n.) • 8. shock(v.)________________________ extremely frightening frightened sincerely(诚挚地) injured useful/useless cyclist shocked, shocking

  32. 动词过去式,过去分词, --ing形式 destroyed, destroyed, destroying Destroy___________________________ Trap__________________________ Lie(躺,位于)______________________ Lie(说谎))_________________________ Bury_______________________________ Burst________________________________ Shake____________________________ Rise__________________________ Lay(下蛋) _________________________ trapped, trapped, trapping lay, lain ,lying lied, lied lying buried, buried , burying burst, burst, bursting shook , shaken , shaking rose, risen ,rising laid, laid, laying

  33. 词汇句型用法 • It seems as if • Injure • 部分否定all not …. Not all • Never, seldom , hardly, rarely, not only • 等否定词放句首时引起的部分倒装。 • (见自主学习Page 49.) • 5. 分数表示法

  34. 受伤:__________________ 把…弄伤:______________ get injured/ be injured injure sb./sth 1) 两人在事故中受了重伤。 Two people _________________in the accident. 2) 他刚才把手弄伤了。 He ________ his hand just now。 were badly injured injured

  35. 5. It seemed as if the world was at an end as if意为“好像,好似”==as though。 重点句式: it seems/ seemed as if …. it seems / seems that … sb/sth. seems/ seemed to do == It seemed ________ the world was at an end ==The world _______ _____ _____ at an end. that seemed to be

  36. 他好像喜欢唱英文歌。(三种翻译) 1) _____ ______ ____ he likes singing English songs. 2) _____ _______ ____ ____ he likes singing English songs. 3) He ______ ___ _________ singing English songs. It seems that It seems as if seems to like It seems as if / as though …. ==it seems that… ==sb/ sth seems to do

  37. 9. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 All … not == not all… 表示部分否定 “并不是 所有的…都… ===Not all hope was lost.

  38. All, every both , always 与not 连用时, 表部分否定。 并非人人都理解他的意思。 All of us didn’t understand him. ==Not all of us understood him. 全否定,则要用以 “n ”开头的词,如 none, Neither, no one , never 等等。 None of us understood him.

  39. 并不是每个人都诚实的。 Not every man is honest.(部分否定) ==Every man is not honest.(部分否定) None of men is honest. 全否定 我爸爸妈妈不都是医生。 Both of my parents aren’t doctors. Not both of my parents are doctors. Neither of my parents are doctors(全否定) 并不是每个学生都能做出这道题。 Not all students can work out the problem. All the students can not work out the problem

  40. A city has never been so completely destroyed before in the history. Never in the history has a city been so completely destroyed He seldom surfs the Internet. Seldom does he surf the Internet. 他从来就没有看过这部电影。 He has never seen the film. Never has he seen the film.

  41. I didn’t begin to watch TV until 9:00 P.M 特殊: not until 引起的倒装 Not until 9:00 P.M did I begin to watch TV 分数表示法:子基母序 五分之二 : two fifths 四分之三:three fouths/ three quarters 二分之一:a half 三分之一:a third 四分之一:a quarter / one fourth

  42. Unit 5 词性变化: active actively Act___________(adj.)____________(adv.) self___________(adj.)____________(adj.) ____________________(adv.) devote__________(adj.)_____________(n.) peace_____________(adj.) legal____________(adv.) violent ____________(n.) Educate ___________(adj.)_____________(n.) Cruel_____________(n.) Equal___________(反义词) selfish selfless selfishly/ selflessly devoted devotion peaceful legally violence educated education cruelty unequal

  43. 词汇句型用法 1.Devote …to / be devoted to 2. Only 引起的部分倒装 3. In one’s opinion

  44. Only 放在句首,后接 1) 副词 2) 介词短语 3)状语从句 引起部分倒装 • 1.Only then did he realize he was wrong. • 2. Only when peace came in 1918 was • Einstein able to get back to work. • Only in this way can we learn English well. 只有在我朋友来了之后,电脑才被修好。 was Only after my friend came _______ the compute __________. repaired

  45. Book 2 Unit 1 词性变化 • survive----survivor ---survival • Design---design ---designer • Receive---reception • Light---lighted • Doubt---doubt---doubtful • Remain—remaining • Value---invaluable • Amaze---amazing---amazement • Belong---belongings

  46. 词汇句型用法 • have/ get sth done. • Belong to 的否定句,疑问句 (用助动词do) • be worth +n./ doing/价钱 • (四种表价钱的表达句式) • 3. sb. spends some time doing sth. • it takes sb. some time to do sth. • 4. Doubt 后面接从句的用法( whether? That?)

  47.   Later, CatherineⅡ had the Amber Room moved to the Palace… ※ have/get sth. done 表示 “请人做某事” 我昨天剪了头发。 I had my hair cut yesterday. 我要请人修理mp4. I want to ___________________________ ※  have /get sth. done 还可表示 “遭遇某种(不幸的)事情” 昨晚,我的手机被偷了。 ______________________________________ have my Mp4 repaired. I had my mobile phone stolen last night. We have temperature taken every day.

  48. Belong to 1. I know the vase _______________(not belong ) to him. 2. 这花瓶属于他么? Does the vase belong to him? doesn’t belong

  49. .Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or ….? Be worth +n. Be worth doing Be worth +价钱 worth • 这电影值得一看. • The film is worth seeing. • 2.这本书值15元. • The book is worth 15 yuan • 3.颐和园值得参观. • The Summer Palace is worth visiting / a visit.

  50. 这个花瓶花了我500 元。(四种表达,过去时) 1) pay for 2) spend on 3) cost 4) be worth The vase cost me 500 yuan. I spent 500 yuan on the vase The vase was worth 500 yuan. I paid 500 yuan for the vase.