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Mammals. Unit Map Set up. Unit Name: Mammals Unit Essential Question: What are the different types of mammals? Concepts: (Fill in after we take our test) Daily Essential Questions: (Fill in as we go through the unit) Vocabulary: (Fill in before we take our test. Today’s Agenda. Warm-up

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unit map set up
Unit Map Set up

Unit Name: Mammals

Unit Essential Question: What are the different types of mammals?

Concepts: (Fill in after we take our test)

Daily Essential Questions: (Fill in as we go through the unit)

Vocabulary: (Fill in before we take our test

today s agenda
Today’s Agenda
  • Warm-up
  • Dog Basic care
  • Activity
  • Types of Dogs
  • Review
warm up
  • What does this picture mean to you? Please write at least 2-3 sentences.
essential question
Essential Question
  • What are the basic requirements for taking care of a dog?
  • History
    • Evolved from wolves
    • Selective breeding
      • animals with the best traits kept for breeding
      • Ex: size, color, swimming ability, etc.
    • Various breeds now
  • Feeding depends on age
    • 8-12 weeks old  4 meals a day
    • 3-6 months  3 meals a day
    • 6 mo.-1 yr 2 meals a day
    • 1 yr  1 meal a day
    • *For larger canines 2 smaller meals a day
  • Exercise
    • Regular exercise needed in order to avoid destructive behavior.
  • Grooming
    • Frequent grooming
    • Bathed a few times a year
  • Handling
    • To carry a small dog, place one hand under dog’s chest, with either your forearm or other hand supporting the hind legs and rump.
  • Housing
    • Winter- warm, dry, covered shelter
      • EX: dog crate or dog bed
    • Summer- cool water and shade
  • You have 20 minutes!
  • Read through the information on the groups of dogs.
  • Complete the graphic organizer with the information.
  • Examples will be talked about in class to fill in the last box of each.
dog types
Dog Types
  • Sporting- active and alert. Likeable, well rounded companions. Participate in hunting and other field activities. Need regular exercise
  • Ex: Golden Retriever
dog types1
Dog Types
  • Hound- used for hunting. Acute scenting powers to follow a trail. Some have unique baying sound.
  • Ex: Beagle, Basset Hound
dog types2
Dog Types
  • Working- bred to perform jobs such as guarding, pulling sleds, water rescue. Intelligent, quick to learn, strong. MUST be properly trained.
  • Ex: Siberian Husky
dog types3
Dog Types
  • Terrier- feisty, energetic dogs, little tolerance for other animals. Ancestors bred to kill vermin.
  • Stripping- special grooming
  • Ex: Border Terrier
dog types4
Dog Types
  • Toy- tiny, but tough. More popular in city and people with less space.
  • Ex: Chihuahua, Pug
dog types5
Dog Types
  • Non-sporting- varied collection
  • Ex: Poodle, Bull Dog
dog types6
Dog Types
  • Herding- Ability to control movement of other animals.
  • Ex: Collie
dog types7
Dog Types
  • MISC- Breeds waiting to be accepted by the AKC Board of Directors.
  • Ex: Russell Terrier
  • We will use a diagram to discuss the parts of a dog.
pet care
Pet Care
  • Fill out the organizer with housing, feeding, grooming, and handling information for Dogs.
  • Word Wall/Concept Map
  • Exit Question: Name the (8) types of dogs and an example for each.
  • Next Class: Cats
today s agenda1
Today’s Agenda
  • Warm- Up
  • Essential Question
  • Basic Care of Cats
  • Breeds of Cats
  • Activity
  • Review
warm up1
Warm- up
  • What is this? What does it represent?
essential question1
Essential Question
  • How do you take care of a cat?
  • History
    • Domesticated after settled agriculture in Egypt
    • Purpose- controlling vermin
    • Priests used them as deification
    • Middle ages- associated with satan, witches and warlocks
basic care of cats
Basic care of cats
  • Grooming
    • Most stay clean
    • Brush or comb regularly
  • Feeding
    • 6-12 weeks- 4 meals a day
    • 3-6 months- 3 meals a day
    • Adult cat- 1 large meal or 2 or 3 meals a day
basic care of cats1
Basic care of cats
  • Housing
    • Clean, dry place to sleep and rest
    • Try to keep indoors, outdoor cats contract diseases, get ticks, parasites, etc.
  • Handling
    • One hand behind front legs and another under hind quarters. Lift gently.
basic care of cats2
Basic care of cats
  • Litter Box
    • All indoor cats need one
    • 1 box per floor
    • Scoop solid wastes once a day
    • Once a week- dump everything, wash with a mild detergent, and refill
  • Students will use the charts to come up with information on their assigned cat. They are to include: History and Origin, head characteristics, body, tail, how many colors (not what colors), coat, care, tempermant, and the environment.
breeds of cats
Breeds of Cats
  • 41 breeds, only top 10 covered in class
  • American shorthair- “alley cat”, robust health, large eyes, and short, broad face. “family cat” affectionate
breeds of cats1
Breeds of cats
  • Oriental- intelligent and curious. Crave human affection. Lots of energy.
breeds of cats2
Breeds of cats
  • Birman- very sweet and even-tempered. Seek out human companionship. Follow you, greet you. Striking blue eyes.
breeds of cats3
Breeds of cats
  • Ragdoll- docile and will not fight. Affectionate, easy going cat
breeds of cats4
Breeds of cats
  • Abyssinian- very people oriented. Always wants to be by you. Loyal.
breeds of cats5
Breeds of cats
  • Siamese- quick witted, excellent jumper and climber. Unusual voice sounds like he’s talking to you. Least friendliest.
breeds of cats6
Breeds of cats
  • Exotic- friendly. Same as Persian but easier to groom because of shorter hair.
breeds of cats7
Breeds of cats
  • Maine Coon- long, thick coat. Temperament of shorthair. Active and excellent rat catchers. Mistaken as racoon.
breeds of cats8
Breeds of cats
  • Persian- variety of colors. Thick , luxurious coat, large eyes, short but sturdy-legged body. Quiet and relaxed. Wary around children. Most affectionate.
Based on the information given today, place the breeds of cats in order from 1-10 (1 being most popular, 10 being least popular)
  • We will use a diagram to discuss the parts of a cat.
pet care1
Pet Care
  • Fill out the organizer with housing, feeding, grooming, and handling information for Cats.
  • Word Wall/Concept Map
  • Exit Question: What picture does not belong and why?
  • Next Class: Hamsters, Guinea Pigs
today s agenda2
Today’s Agenda
  • Warm-up
  • Essential Question
  • Hamsters
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Review
warm up2
Warm- Up
  • Tell me what you know about hamsters and guinea pigs.
essential question2
Essential Question
  • How are hamsters and guinea pigs similar to each other?
hamster history
Hamster History
  • Golden Hamster- most often found in pet stores.
  • Native to Syria dessert
  • Discovered in 1930 in Jerusalem
hamster characteristics
Hamster Characteristics
  • Nocturnal
  • Cheek pouches to carry food (hoarders)
  • Protective of their territory (may bite)
  • Females usually dominate males
  • Solitary animals
  • Life span of 1-3 years
hamster temperature
Hamster Temperature
  • Prefer temperature of 70*
  • Above 80*- estivation (deep sleep)
  • Below 50*- hibernation
hamster cages
Hamster cages
  • Cages 10 X 16 X 10
  • Gnaw-proof
  • Water bottle hung on the outside of the cage
  • Clean, fresh bedding (paper confetti, paper strips, wood chips, wood shavings, etc.)
hamster feeding
Hamster feeding
  • Commercially prepared pellets
  • Occasionally carrots, potato pieces, fresh clover or alfalfa to supplement diet
  • Seeds such as
    • Corn, millet, wheat, oats, sorghum, and rape seeds
hamster diseases and ailments
Hamster diseases and ailments
  • Wet Tail- wetness around the tail and rear area, caused by runny diarrhea. Go off their feed, have rough hair coats, become weak. Usually die within 1-2 days. When this occurs, disinfect everything and replace bedding.
hamster diseases and ailments1
Hamster diseases and ailments
  • Tyzzer’sDisease- caused by clostridium piliformis. Loss of appetite, dehydration, watery diarrhea, and sudden death.
  • Common diarrhea- overabundance of leafy greens, vegetables or fruit
  • Fleas and lice- clean cage regularly and flea powder sprinkled in fresh bedding.
hamster reproduction
Hamster Reproduction
  • Separate litter at 5-6 weeks
  • Sexually mature at 6 weeks
  • Females in heat every 4 weeks
  • Produce litter in 16 days
  • 2-16 young, 6-8 is average
guinea pigs history
Guinea Pigs History
  • Bred for meat production in South America for the last 3,000 years
  • Still used for food in Ecudor, Peru, and Bolivia
  • Since 1800 used for research on pathology, nutrition, genetics, toxicology, and development of serums
guinea pigs history1
Guinea Pigs History
  • Means “little pig” although it is not from Guinea or a pig. Makes similar grunts.
  • Makes ideal pets
guinea pig varieties
Guinea Pig Varieties
  • Abyssinian- rough, wiry coat. All colors. Hair made of rosettes
guinea pig varieties1
Guinea Pig Varieties
  • The American- most common. Short, glossy hair and fine in texture. Variety of colors and combinations.
guinea pig varieties2
Guinea Pig Varieties
  • Peruvian- very long hair (up to 20 in.)
  • Satin- satin like fur
  • Silkie- long hair
  • Teddy- short, kinky hair
  • White Crested- short hair, but crest is rosette
characteristics of guinea pigs
Characteristics of Guinea Pigs
  • Adults reach 8-10 inches
  • Weigh 1-2 pounds
  • Short, stocky build with short legs
  • 4 toes on forefeet and 3 on hindfeet
characteristics of guinea pigs1
Characteristics of Guinea Pigs
  • Eyes on side of head
  • Sensitive hearing
  • Sense of smell highly developed
  • Live in colonies or clans in wild
    • 1 dominant male and 5-10 females
guinea pig housing
Guinea Pig Housing
  • Cages- plastic bottom 3-4 in. deep with vertical wire bars
  • 12 X 24 in.
  • Food bowls made of heavy glass
  • Water bottle
guinea pig feeding
Guinea Pig Feeding
  • Vegetarians
  • Guinea Pig pellets
  • Supply vitamin C
  • Romaine lettuce, green leaf lettuce, kale, carrots, apples, pears, turnips, beets, and cucumbers
  • Clover and grass hay
  • Wheat, corn and oats
  • Brushed daily
  • Mild shampoo
  • Dried and kept warm after bath
  • Toenails clipped- stay away from pink or quick of nail
  • Grasped firmly around front shoulders with one hand and the rear supported by the other hand. Cradle in palm and hold close to body.
diseases and ailments
Diseases and Ailments
  • Respiratory diseases- usually lethargic and listless, discharges from the nose and sneeze. Treatment immediately or death may occur.
  • Swelling on neck- abscessed lymph nodes
  • Mites
  • Heat cycle- 16 days
  • Gestation- 56-74 days
  • Up to 5 litters a year, 2-4 per litter
  • Young fully developed- eat solid food within 24 hours, nurse for 3 weeks
  • Observe the hamsters and guinea pigs when we go into the lab. Write down the following information
  • What where they doing?
  • Behavior?
  • Noises made?
  • Smells?
  • Any other info necessary.
pet care2
Pet Care
  • Fill out the organizer with housing, feeding, grooming, and handling information for Hamsters.
  • Fill out the organizer with housing, feeding, grooming, and handling information for Guinea Pigs.
  • Word Wall/ Concept Map
  • Exit question: Have you ever owned a hamster or guinea pig? If so, what was the biggest problem? If not, would you ever own one? Why/Why not?
  • Next class: Other rodents
today s agenda3
Today’s Agenda
  • Warm-up
  • Essential Question
  • Rabbits
  • Review
warm up3
  • What foods can be fed to hamsters?
essential question3
Essential Question
  • How do we take care of a rabbit?
  • Order Lagomorpha
  • Fossil remains found 30-37 million years ago
  • Hunted for food, and used to make clothing
  • French monks domesticated rabbit
  • Introduced to the US at the beginning of the 20th century
  • Meat
    • High in protein
    • Low in cholesterol
    • Low in fat
    • Low in sodium
    • Very palatable
    • White mean, easy to digest
  • Research
    • Study reproduction
    • Draize Eye Test (cosmetics and other products)
    • Skin irritation tests
  • 554,000 in 1987 – 240,000 in 2006
  • Why did this number decline?
  • Fur/Wool
    • Normal
    • Rex – soft, plush feel
    • Angora- softer, finer, warmer, lighter. No irritation or scratchiness
    • Satin- sheen, luster and slick appearance
  • Pets
    • clean, gently, lovable pets
    • Easily trained to use litter box
    • Small and dwarf sizes most popular
  • Each student will be given a name of a breed. Using the handouts you will give a brief description of your rabbit breed. It is your responsibility to take note of the other breeds discussed in class.
  • 45 different breeds
  • Pg. 260
housing and equipment
Housing and Equipment
  • Hutches- houses used to keep rabbits
  • Wire cages for 6-11 pounds
  • 12 pounds + solid floor
  • Temperature- can stand cold temp but not too hot (80+ is uncomfortable)
    • Place bottle of ice for rabbit to lie against to prevent heat stroke
housing and equipment1
Housing and Equipment
  • Humidity- 60%-need ventilation
  • Proper lighting
  • Absence of drafts
  • Galvanized metal self-feeders
  • Pellet type feeds
  • Timothy hay better
  • Supplemented foods kept to a minimum
    • May cause diarrhea
    • Fruits, vegetables, and green foods
  • Coprophagy- eating fecal material
    • Recover nutrients that were unabsorbed during the first pass
  • May give
    • Corn, oats, oatmeal, wheat germ, carrots, apple slices, green beans, banana, pineapple, or papaya
  • Walk slowly and speak to rabbit when approaching
  • Gently stroke animal from ear to ear
  • One hand under the chest and belly and other hand behind the rabbit
  • Remove tail first
diseases and ailments1
Diseases and Ailments
  • Enteritis- inflammation of the intestinal tract and most common cause of death in rabbits
  • Snuffles- persistent sneezing with white discharge caused by bacteria and stress conditions
  • Mastitis- inflammation of the mammary tissue. Becomes swollen, hot and dark red or blue.
diseases and ailments2
Diseases and Ailments
  • Weepy eye- inflammation of the conjunctiva (mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelids and covering the front part of the eye)
  • Others- Vent Disease, Rabbit syphillis, ear mites, infectious myxomatosis, papillomatosis, ringwork, fur mites, mange mites, pinworm, wet dewlaps, fur chewing, hutch burn, sore hocks, malocclusion
  • Sexually mature at 4-8 months
  • Females sexually active depending on the length of day and temperature
  • Birth will occur 30-32 days after mating
  • Kindling- birth process in rabbits
  • Nest box 2 days before expected
  • Check young every 24 hours
  • Eyes open at 12-14 days
  • 3 weeks leave nest box
pet care3
Pet Care
  • Fill out the organizer with housing, feeding, grooming, and handling information for Rabbits.
  • Word Wall/ Concept Map
  • Exit Question: Why aren’t rabbits bred for meat in the US??
  • Next Class: Gerbils, Mice, Chinchillas
today s agenda4
Today’s Agenda
  • Warm-up
  • Essential Question
  • Gerbils, mice, and chinchillas
  • Review
warm up4
  • Which picture is correct?
essential question4
Essential Question
  • How do we take care of gerbils, mice, and chinchillas?
  • Using the Gerbil and Mouse Care Sheets fill in the Pet Care organizer with:
    • Food
    • Housing
    • Care
    • Handling
  • 14 different species
  • Most common- Mongolian gerbil
  • Very quiet animals
  • Life expectancy- 2-4 years
  • Gestation period- 24-26 days
  • Litters of 1-10, 3-4 average.
  • Seldom affected by disease
    • Respiratory infections
    • Nasal dermatitis-hair loss and red swollen areas of the skin.
    • Tyzzer’s Disease’
    • Fleas
    • Lice
    • Mites
  • 36 species
  • Most common- house mouse
  • Smell is most highly developed sense
  • Primarily nocturnal, pets may come out during the day
  • Prefer company of other mice (colony)
  • Free of disease if given proper diet, housing, and exercise.
  • Sexually mature at 4 weeks
  • 21 days gestation
  • Litters 5-10
  • 1,000 years ago, Incas used for fur
  • First chinchilla skins sold on June 21, 1954 at the New York Auction Company.
  • 2 species
    • C. langierand C. brevicaudata
  • Breeds based on color
    • The Standard (blue-grey color)
    • The White
    • The Beige
    • The Black
    • The Sullivan Violet (clear white belly and lavender center back strip of a fur pelt.)
  • 2 species
    • C. langierand C. brevicaudata
  • Breeds based on color
    • The Standard (blue-grey color)
    • The White
    • The Beige
    • The Black
    • The Sullivan Violet (clear white belly and lavender center back strip of a fur pelt.)
  • Reading thru the packet we will fill out the pet care sheet with the following information:
    • Housing
    • Feeding
    • Handling
    • Care
  • Word Wall/Concept Map
  • Exit Question: Which animal talked about today would require the least amount of care?
  • Next Class: Exam Review