Exam Questions by UnitUNIT 2 Last Exam Added: Aug 2012
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Table of Contents • Gupta Empire • Tang and Song Dynasty • Byzantine Empire • Early Russia • Spread of Islam • Medieval Europe • Commercial Revolution • The Crusades • Magna Carta
Gupta Empire Vocab • Stupas • Concept of zero • Ganges River • Monsoons • Caste System • Decimal System • Sanskrit language
Gupta Empire Which civilization best completes the title of this outline? • Ghana (2) Khmer (3) Song (4) Gupta
Gupta Empire The Thar Desert, Ganges River, and Deccan Plateau are all geographic features of • Japan (2) China (3) India (4) Indonesia
Gupta Empire Which geographic factor affected the development of the Gupta Empire? • volcanoes (2) permafrost (3) monsoons (4) island location
Gupta Empire The concept of zero, the expansion of the caste system, and the creation of the decimal system are most closely associated with the • Inca Empire (2) Tokugawa shogunate (3) Song dynasty (4) Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire One way in which The Epic of Gilgamesh, The Odyssey, and The Mah¯abh¯arata are similar is that they are (1) sets of written legal principles that spell out the rights of citizens (2) stories that are tied to monotheistic religious beliefs (3) paintings that depict heroes and cultural values (4) works of literature that give historians information about early civilizations
Gupta Empire • Preserved Hindu traditions • Produced fine poems and drama • Made advances in mathematics, science, and medicine These achievements refer to contributions of the • Gupta Empire (2) Persian Empire (3) Greek city-states (4) Tang dynasty
Gupta Empire The development of the concept of zero, the use of a decimal system, and the Buddhist cave paintings at Ajanta are all achievements of the (1) Inca Empire (2) Gupta Empire (3) Roman Republic (4) Kingdom of Songhai
Gupta Empire • Hinduism was the dominant religion. • Murals were painted on the Ajanta cave walls. • The concept of zero and the decimal system were introduced. Which empire is described by these statements? • Gupta (2) Maurya (3) Persian (4) British
Gupta Empire The Gupta Empire was best known for its (1) advances in mathematics and medicine (2) efforts to resist European imperialism (3) development of the barter system (4) construction of Angkor Wat
Gupta Empire The caste system in India was characterized by (1) toleration for various religious beliefs (2) equality between men and women (3) a lack of social mobility (4) the right of people to choose their occupations
Gupta Empire Which statement can best be supported by the information shown on this map? (1) By 260 B.C., the Mauryan Empire extended north into Central China. (2) The Mauryan Empire controlled more of the Indian subcontinent than the Gupta Empire did. (3) Most of the Gupta Empire was located on the Deccan Plateau. (4) The economies of India’s early empires were based on trade.
Gupta Empire The Pillars of Emperor Asoka of the Mauryan Empire and the Code of Hammurabi of Babylon are most similar to the (1) ziggurats of Sumeria (2) map projections of Mercator (3) Great Sphinx of the Egyptians (4) Twelve Tables of the Romans
Gupta Empire Which generalization about the Mauryaand Gupta Empires is supported by the map? (1) Expansion was limited by geographic factors. (2) Trade contributed to stable societies. (3) Extensive road systems unified India. (4) Southern India was isolated from northern India.
Gupta Empire Which accomplishments are associated with the Gupta Empire? (1) adoption of democracy and construction of the Pantheon (2) defeat of the Roman Empire and adoption of Christianity (3) establishment of Pax Mongolia and founding of a Chinese dynasty (4) use of Sanskrit language and development of the concept of zero
Tang and Song Dynasty Vocab Mandate of Heaven Dynasty Grand Canal Gunpowder Abacus Compass Silk Road Ethnocentrism Middle Kingdom Confucius Filial Piety Civil Service
Tang and Song Dynasty One role Korea had in the development of East Asia was (1) protecting China from a Japanese invasion along China’s western frontier (2) challenging Japan for control of Southeast Asian islands (3) allying itself with the Vietnamese to conquer China (4) passing cultural ideas from China to Japan
Tang and Song Dynasty Which achievements are most closely associated with the Tang and Song dynasties of China? (1) wheel and stirrup (2) chinampas and calendar (3) gunpowder and movable wooden type (4) mosaics and domes
Tang and Song Dynasty Korea has frequently served as a cultural bridge between (1) Cambodia and Vietnam (2) Russia and India (3) Thailand and Indonesia (4) China and Japan
Tang and Song Dynasty Which geographic factor has often made Korea a key region for those seeking to control East Asia? • long coastline (2) location (3) mountains (4) climate
Tang and Song Dynasty Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? • Chinese (2) Persian (3) Indian (4) Japanese
Tang and Song Dynasty Which geographic factor directly influenced the early interactions between China and Korea? • location (2) monsoons (3) arid climate (4) tropical savannas
Tang and Song Dynasty Technological achievements made during the Tang and Song dynasties were important because they (1) were used to defeat Kublai Khan (2) contributed to economic growth and cultural advancement (3) increased contact with the Americas (4) led to social equality between men and women
Tang and Song Dynasty What was an impact of Korea’s geographic location on the history of East Asia? (1) isolating Russia from Japan (2) protecting China from Mongol invaders (3) preventing Europeans from colonizing East Asia (4) serving as a cultural bridge between China and Japan
Tang and Song Dynasty “. . . Let the king and his ministers labor with a mutual sympathy, saying, ‘We have received the decree of Heaven and it shall be great as the long continued years of Hsia; yea, it shall not fail of the long-continued years of Yin.’ I wish the king, through the attachment of the lower people, to receive the long-abiding decree of Heaven. . . .” — Clae Waltham, ed., ShuChing, Book of History, Henry Regnery Company Which concept is being referred to in this passage? (1) dynastic cycle (2) matriarchal society (3) natural rights (4) monotheism
Tang and Song Dynasty Which statement best describes an impact of geography on the history of the Korean peninsula? (1) Large deserts have led to isolation. (2) Location has led to invasion and occupation by other nations. (3) Lack of rivers has limited food production. (4) Lack of natural resources has prevented development of manufacturing.
Tang and Song Dynasty “. . . If from now on the King starts by rising early and going to bed late, and if the ministers take oaths among themselves to cut out the evils of parties and merriment, be diligent in cultivating frugality and virtue, do not allow private considerations from taking root in their minds, and do not use artifice as a method of operation in government affairs, then the officials and common people will all cleanse and purify their minds and be in great accord with his will. . . .” — Yi Hang-no, Korean Royal Adviser Which Confucian principle is reflected in this statement? (1) The ruler must set an example for the people. (2) Respect for elders is the foundation of civilization. (3) Virtue increases with education. (4) Compassion and sympathy for others is important.
Tang and Song Dynasty The Age of Pericles in Athens, the Gupta Empire in India, and the Tang dynasty in China all experienced a golden age with (1) advancements in the principles of democratic governments (2) outstanding contributions in the arts and sciences (3) the end of foreign domination (4) the furthest expansion of their borders
Tang and Song Dynasty Which quotation from the teachings of Confucius is most similar to the Golden Rule from Judeo- Christian teaching? (1) “If a ruler is upright, all will go well without orders.” (2) “By nature, men are pretty much alike. It is learning and practice that set them apart.” (3) “While a father or mother is alive, a son should not travel far.” (4) “Do not do to others what you do not wish for yourself.”
Tang and Song Dynasty China’s image of itself as the Middle Kingdom is associated with (1) welcoming foreign ideas and influences (2) mixing Western religions with traditional Chinese philosophies (3) controlling how contact occurs with other cultures (4) building the Grand Canal to expand trade within China
Tang and Song Dynasty Which statement about the Tang dynasty is best supported by the information on this map? (1) It experienced conflict in coastal areas. (2) Its boundaries extended to India. (3) It gained territory in Tibet and Korea. (4) It exchanged goods using overland routes.
Tang and Song Dynasty This map shows that the Silk Road (1) crossed both Africa and Asia (2) was located primarily in Asia (3) followed a single route (4) started in Khotan
Tang and Song Dynasty These architectural achievements best indicate that (1) advanced technology existed in early civilizations (2) religion was of little importance (3) entertainment was important to these ancient societies (4) trade routes existed between China and the Americas
Tang and Song Dynasty The illustration shows the relationship between individuals in a society according to the ideas of (1) Confucius (2) Moses (3) Mohammad (4) Siddhartha Gautama
Tang and Song Dynasty According to the map, which conclusion about China during the Tang and Song dynasties is accurate? (1) Most trade routes began in Beijing. (2) China’s overland trade routes connected China to Japan. (3) The areas under the control of these dynasties did not change. (4) China traded extensively with other nations and regions.
Tang and Song Dynasty Which conclusion about the Grand Canal system in China can be drawn from the information shown on this map? (1) Coastal ports dominated the canal system. (2) Troops could easily be moved west of Luoyang on the canals. (3) Grain could be shipped between Hangzhou and Beijing by the canal. (4) The canal system prevented invaders from conquering the dynasties.
Tang and Song Dynasty Based on this time line, which generalization can best be supported from the information presented? (1) By 1500, the Chinese were importing Western technology. (2) Isolationism prevented the Chinese from developing new inventions. (3) The Chinese successfully protected their inventions from Western spies. (4) Prior to 1500, Chinese technology surpassed that of the West.
Tang and Song Dynasty Which statement about China is a fact rather than an opinion? (1) Flooding was the worst disaster to affect ancient Chinese civilizations. (2) The Mandate of Heaven was an idea developed in ancient China. (3) Early Chinese civilizations were the most important civilizations in the world. (4) Dynastic governments were highly effective in China.
Tang and Song Dynasty Which statement about the Tang dynasty is a fact rather than an opinion? (1) Technical advances would have been greater if the Tang dynasty had lasted longer. (2) China’s best emperors came from the Tang dynasty. (3) The Tang emperors granted government jobs to scholars who passed examinations. (4) The culture of the Tang dynasty was superior to that of the Han dynasty.
Byzantine Empire Vocab • Constantinople • Hagia Sophia • Justinian Code • Orthodox Christianity • Greco-Roman • Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Byzantine Empire The cultural contributions shown in these photographs were developed during the (1) Mesopotamian civilizations (2) PaxRomana (3) Tang dynasty (4) Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire Which region had the greatest influence on the historical and cultural development of the Byzantine Empire? • Mesoamerica (2) India (3) Rome (4) Egypt
Byzantine Empire Which development is most closely associated with the beginning of the Byzantine Empire? (1) emergence of the Russian Orthodox Church (2) division of the Roman Empire (3) building of the Hagia Sophia (4) fall of Constantinople
Byzantine Empire Which conclusion about the Roman world around AD 526 can be drawn from the information on this map? (1) The Gauls dominated trade on the Mediterranean Sea. (2) Rome was the capital of the entire western region. (3) The eastern region was unified under the Byzantine Empire. (4) The division between eastern and western Rome followed natural boundaries.
Byzantine Empire A major contribution of the Byzantine Empire was the (1) invention of the wheel and gunpowder (2) participation of citizens in government (3) diffusion of Hindu beliefs (4) preservation of Greek science and Roman engineering
Byzantine Empire Which item best completes this graphic organizer? (1) Development of the Wheel (2) Preservation of Greek and Roman Culture (3) Creation of the Compass (4) Utilization of Cuneiform
Byzantine Empire Which title best completes the partial outline below? • Age of Discovery (2) Byzantine Empire (3) Persian Empire (4) Crusades