Ernst George Ravenstein By Liam Blancaflor
BIO • Born in Frankfurt, Germany on December 30,1834 • Pupil of Dr. August Heinrich Petermann • Topographical Department of the British War Office for 20 years (1855–75) • Taught at Bedford College • Victoria gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society (1902) for geographical research. • Died March 13,1913
Theory • 11 laws of migration • The majority of migrants go only a short distance. • Migration proceeds step by step. There is a process of absorption, whereby people immediately surrounding a rapidly growing town move into it and the gaps they leave are filled by migrants from more distant areas, and so on until the attractive force is spent. • Migrants going long distances generally go by preference to one of the great centers of commerce or industry. • Each current of migration produces a compensating counter-current. • Natives of towns are less migratory than those of rural areas. • Females are more migratory than males within the kingdom of their birth, but males more frequently venture beyond. • Most migrants are adults: families rarely migrate out of their country of birth. • Large towns grow more by migration than by natural increase. • Migration increases in volume as industries and commerce develop and transport improves. • The major direction of migration is from the agricultural areas to the centers of industry and commerce. • The major causes of migration are economic.
Theory • Patterns of migration • Basis for later theories • Impact on Geography
Works Cited • "Laws Of Migration." Ravensteins Laws of Migration. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://scotsinlondon.wordpress.com/laws-of-migration/>. • "Ravenstein's Laws." Ravenstein's Laws. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.harpercollege.edu/mhealy/migrat/xp/mgraven.htm>. • Rubenstein, James M. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.