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Literary Terms. We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year. You need to keep up with your notes. Don’t lose your terms! You might be able to use them on some quizzes– be RESPONSIBLE!!. 1. Character. A character is a person or an animal that takes part

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literary terms
Literary Terms

We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year.

You need to keep up with your notes. Don’t lose your terms! You might be able to use them on some quizzes–

be RESPONSIBLE!!

1 character
1. Character

A character is a person or an animal that takes part

in a story.

2 protagonist
2. Protagonist

The main character in a story; most of the time,

this will be the good guy

3 antagonist
3. Antagonist

The character in conflict with the main character.

4 setting
4. Setting

The time and place of the action in a story

  • The setting includes all the details of a place and time – the year, the time of day, even the weather. The place may be a specific country, state, region, community, neighborhood, building, institution, or home.
  • Details such as dialect, clothing, customs, and modes of transportation are often used to establish setting.
  • In most stories, the setting serves as a backdrop – a context in which the characters interact. The setting of a story often helps to create a particular mood, or feeling.
5 plot
5. Plot

The sequence of events in a story.

plotline
PLOTLINE

Climax

Rising Action

Falling Action

dénouement

Resolution

Exposition

Conflict Introduced

Freytag’s Pyramid

6 exposition
6. Exposition

Introduces the characters, the setting, and the

basic situation of a story.

7 rising action
7. Rising Action

Begins to occur as soon as the conflict is introduced;

adds complications to the conflict and increases

reader interest.

8 climax
8. Climax

The highest point of interest or suspense in the

story.

9 falling act ion
9. Falling Action

The action that typically follows the climax and

reveals its results.

10 resolution
10. Resolution

The part of the plot that concludes or ends the

story; the outcome of the conflict is usually

revealed.

11 conflict
11. Conflict

A struggle between opposing forces (a problem).

  • Conflict can be shown in 2 ways
12 external conflict
12. External Conflict

Occurs when a character struggles against some

outside force.

Examples: Man vs. Man

Man vs. Nature

Man vs. Society

13 internal conflict
13. Internal Conflict

Occurs within the mind of a character. This is a

struggle within one’s self.

Man vs. Self

14 mood
14. Mood

The feeling created in the reader by a story.

15 flashback
15. Flashback

A literary device in which an earlier episode,

conversation, or event is inserted into the

sequence of events.

16 foreshadowing
16. Foreshadowing

Clues that hint at what might happen later

in the story. This is used to build a readers’

expectations and to create suspense.

17 suspense
17. Suspense

The growing interest and excitement

readers experience while reading a story.

18 theme
18. Theme

The central message, purpose, or concern in a

story. It may be stated directly although it is more

often presented indirectly.

19 narrator
19. Narrator

The person who tells the story.

20 dialogue
20. Dialogue

Aconversation between two or more characters.