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Unit 3: Building a New Nation Chapter 9: Increasing Conflict & War, 1805-1815. Neutral America. Jefferson won the 1804 election Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815 U.S. encountered difficulties in trading with the British & French – faced hostilities

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neutral america
Neutral America
  • Jefferson won the 1804 election
  • Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815
    • U.S. encountered difficulties in trading with the British & French – faced hostilities
    • British were practicing impressment – forcing the enlistment of sailors into the Navy, including U.S. citizens
neutral america1
Neutral America
  • Leopard/Chesapeake Affair
    • The Leopard fired upon the Chesapeake, killing 3 Americans
    • Americans called for war, but Jefferson decided to use diplomacy & economic sanctions to keep the U.S. out of war
the hated embargo
The Hated Embargo
  • Embargo Act of 1807 – forbid the export of all goods from the U.S.
    • Ruinous for the U.S. economy, especially in the NE & South
    • Illegal trade network developed along the Canadian border
    • Repealed in 1809
madison s administration
Madison’s Administration
  • Non-Intercourse Act replaced the Embargo Act
  • That was replaced in 1810 with Macon’s Bill No. 2
  • U.S. began trading with France & continued the embargo with Britain
tecumseh the prophet
Tecumseh & “the Prophet”
  • Tecumseh & “the Prophet”, brothers who were Shawnee Indians, concluded that the time had come to stop the onrush of settlers in the west
tecumseh the prophet1
Tecumseh & “the Prophet”
  • Put together a confederacy of all tribes east of the Mississippi
    • Aided by the British?
  • Some politicians, such as Indiana Gov. William Henry Harrison, viewed the Indians & British as obstacles to national destiny
tecumseh the prophet2
Tecumseh & “the Prophet”
  • At the Battle of Tippecanoe, Harrison & his men attacked followers of the Shawnee Indians & burned their town
  • War Hawks voted in favor of war
highlights of the war of 1812
Highlights of the War of 1812
  • Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British at the Battle of Put-in-Bay
highlights of the war of 18121
Highlights of the War of 1812
  • The British burned Washington D.C.
highlights of the war of 18122
Highlights of the War of 1812
  • Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” in 1814
highlights of the war of 18123
Highlights of the War of 1812
  • The most successful battle fought by the Americans in the war was the Battle of New Orleans, which was fought after the war was over
treaty of ghent a tie
Treaty of Ghent – a Tie?
  • Provided for the acceptance of the status quo at the beginning of hostilities
  • Did not address the issues over which the U.S. & Britain had gone to war
results of the war of 1812
Results of the War of 1812
  • Caused a heightened sense of nationalism
  • War heroes Andrew Jackson & William Henry Harrison emerged
  • Indians were forced further west
  • Americans gained greater industrial independence