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Gerund Phrases. p. 367 7-7. Like a participle, a gerund can sometimes be accompanied by other words that complete its meaning. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund accompanied by an adjective, an adverb, a direct object, or a prepositional phrase. . Examples.

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Like a participle, a gerund can sometimes be accompanied by other words that complete its meaning.
  • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund accompanied by an adjective, an adverb, a direct object, or a prepositional phrase.
examples
Examples
  • Wearing tight shoes hurts. (gerund + D.O.)
  • Long-distance running is fun. (adjective + gerund)
  • I like dancing on ice. (gerund + prepositional phrase)
  • Performing alone is his dream. (gerund + adverb)
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Gerund phrases, like gerunds alone, function as nouns in a sentence. Like a noun, a gerund phrase can be a subject, a D.O., an object of the preposition, or a predicate noun.

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Be careful not to confuse a gerund phrase with a participial phrase. If the phrase functions as a subject, an object, or a predicate noun in the sentence it is a gerund phrase. If it serves as an adjective, it is a participial phrase.

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Identify each gerund phrase and participial phrase. Does each gerund phrase act as a subject, a direct object, an object of a preposition, or a predicate noun?

  • Singing opera, they use their voices in special ways.
  • Bart received the prize for being the best tenor.
  • Being the best tenor, Bart had many solo parts.
  • You should try singing high C.
  • Humming in the background, the chorus set a mood.
  • Appearing with a professional cast was Kristen’s dream.
  • Facing the audience can be the hardest part.
  • Practicing day and night is a necessary ingredient for succeeding as an opera singer.
  • Taking their seats, the members of the orchestra began tuning their instruments.
  • Accompanying the singer, the violin section slowly played the tragic melody.
possessives in gerund phrases
Possessives in Gerund Phrases
  • Always use the possessive form of a noun or pronoun before a gerund.
which is correct
Which is correct?
  • 11. I warned Gino about (them, their) being late.
  • 12. I don’t appreciate (him, his) talking back to me.
  • 13. (Fran, Fran’s) leaving will solve the problem.
  • 14. (Me, My) being there was a help.
  • 15. That ended (Martha, Martha’s) disrupting the rehearsals.
  • 16. We are delighted by (Joe, Joe’s) sensitive acting.
  • 17. (Him, His) continuing with the show is essential to its success.
  • 18. (Us, Our) agreeing on how the other minor roles should be handled was also important.
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Identify each gerund phrase. Does each gerund phrase act as a subject, a direct object, an object of a preposition, or a predicate noun?
  • 19. The programs goal is providing students with a variety of artistic opportunities.
  • 20. Few question the benefits of encouraging talents.
  • 21. The problem is obtaining the necessary money.
  • 22. People find different ways of raising funds.
  • 23. Asking for funds is an important activity.
  • 24. Supporters must continue advertising the program.
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Identify each gerund phrase and participial phrase. Does each gerund phrase act as a subject, a direct object, an object of a preposition, or a predicate noun?

  • 25. Now the group will try campaigning on a large scale.
  • 26. Starting such a campaign is a challenging task.
  • 27. Requesting funds and other forms of assistance from large corporations will be the first strategy.
  • 28. Contacting firms is the director’s role.
  • 29. Companies find different ways of being helpful.
  • 30. Helping young artists is a worthwhile cause.