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Gerunds and Gerund Phrases. Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review. Remember, when verbs do what they’re told, they are an action or a state of being… John, a 10 th grader, plays Playstation 2 until PS3 comes out on the market. Easy! PLAYS is our verb, right?.

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verbals and verbal phrases a review
Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review
  • Remember, when verbs do what they’re told, they are an action or a state of being…
    • John, a 10th grader, plays Playstation 2 until PS3 comes out on the market.
      • Easy! PLAYS is our verb, right?
verbals and verbal phrases a review1
Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review
  • But sometimes, verbs act like NOUNS, which as we all know, can be confusing….
  • Playing Playstation 2 is something that John, a tenth grader likes.
    • Now….”playing” is acting like a noun
    • Our verb in the sentence becomes “likes”
    • Crazy!
gerunds
Gerunds
  • Gerunds always, always, always end in –ing.
  • They act like nouns in a sentence.
  • So they can be:
    • Subjects, Direct objects, Indirect Objects, and Objects of a preposition.
gerunds1
Gerunds
  • Let’s try a few….
  • To swim
  • Swimming
  • To eat
  • Eating
  • To dance
  • Dancing
gerunds2
Gerunds
  • Okay, now a few examples within sentences…
  • Leaving one’s school during senior year is painful.
  • Gerund: leaving
  • The result was winning the football game with a safety in the fourth quarter.
  • Gerund: winning
gerunds vs present participles
Gerunds vs Present Participles
  • A gerund ends in –ing and acts like a noun in a sentence.
  • A present participle ends in –ing and acts like an adjective in a sentence
gerunds vs present participles1
Gerunds vs Present Participles
  • Francisco’s first love is swimming.
    • Swimming is a gerund
  • Francisco’s swimming coach was eaten by a great white shark
    • Swimming is a participle, it modifies “coach”
the it test
The “it” test
  • One last thing….a trick if you will…try to replace –ing verbs with “it”
  • If the sentence makes sense, you’ve got a gerund
  • If not, it’s a present participle….