Lesson One. TSWBAT: CO 1. Describe what causes a person to experience stress. CO 2. Identify four general types of stressors. Language Objectives. LO 1. Using an organizer list the four general types of stressors and list at least three examples of each. Critical Vocabulary.
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CO 1. Describe what causes a person to experience stress.
CO 2. Identify four general types of stressors.
LO 1. Using an organizer list the four general types of stressors and
list at least three examples of each.
Stress Eustress Distress
Writing: Your are invited to a friend’s birthday party. What about the
situation could cause you to experience stress.
Stress is the response of your body and mind to being challenged or threatened. You experience stress when situations, events, or people make demands on your body and mind. Stress can be positive or negative. Stress that is positive is called eustress. Eustress may help you escape from a dangerous situation or accomplish a goal. Stress that is negative is called a distress. Distress can take a negative toll on your performance and your health.
Stress has a variety of causes. An event or situation that causes stress is called a stressor. Four general types of stressors are major life changes, catastrophes, everyday problems, and environmental problems.
Major life changes include both positive changes, such as graduating from high school, and negative changes, such as having a serious illness. Even a positive life change can be stressful. A catastrophe is an event that threatens lives and may destroy property. Experiencing a catastrophe can be extremely stressful. A person who experiences a catastrophe may have to deal with the psychological effects for years after the event. Everyday problems such as hassles, conflict, and the pressure to succeed can cause stress. Environmental problems such as noise, unsafe conditions, or crowded conditions can also cause stress.
21. Attending a new school
22. Moving to a new home
23. Change in appearance,( brace,
24. Hassling with brother/sister
25. Starting menstrual cycle (females)
26. Having someone new move in
27. Starting a job
28. Mother getting pregnant
29. Starting to date
30. Making new friends
31. Brother or sister getting married
SCORING: Add the points for each event that you have experienced over the past
Year . Of the people with 300 points during the year, 80% will get sick. With 150 to
299 you have a 50% chance of getting sick. With less than 150 points have a 30%
Chance of getting sick.
It is important to know that you can significantly decrease your chances of serious
illness by decreasing the amount of stress in your life. You can control many of these
changes by anticipating them and planning for them. By anticipating change you
better prepare yourself to handle stress
Stress is how your mind and body respond to a threat or challenge. Something that causes stress is called a stressor. Stressors can cause positive stress, eustress, and negative stress, or distress.
Read the story write the events that might be a stressors.
At 7:30 a snowy evening, Vince and the other members of his band are
setting up for their first big performance. They are the opening band at
a concert to raise money for hurricane relief. The hurricane destroyed
hundreds of homes.
Vince feels good about helping the relief effort, but so far nothing has
gone right. Before he could leave for the concert hall, he had to spend
20 minutes shoveling his car out of the snow. Kenji couldn’t find his
favorite drumsticks, and Vince is worried that the hall is too cold for him
to keep his guitar tune. Rashinda is distracted because she just found out
that her sister is getting married.
After tuning his guitar, Vince looks up and sees the first members of the
audience arriving. Rashinda gives him a thumbs-up sign and he starts to
grin. It’s time to go to work.
5. Applying concepts: list five stressful experiences that you have faced in the past two weeks. Next to each, note whether it was a positive or negative experience for you.
CO 1. List in order the three stages of the body’s response to stress.
CO 2. Identify four types of early warning signs for stress.
CO 3. Describe the relationship between stress and illness.
LO 1. Using a diagram of the human body label what happens to
the body during the flight-or-fight response.
LO 2. Using an organizer show he warning signs of stress and show
what type of behavioral changes the body goes through.
Health Stats: Is there a relationship between stress and the risk of catching a cold?
Writing: Predict why, being in a prolonged stressful situation might increase the likelihood of getting a cold.
1. Fill in the sequence with details about the three stages of the stress response.
List some warning signs of stress.
2. Physical changes include
3. Emotional changes include
4. Changes in thinking include
5. Behavioral changes include
6. Complete the graphic organizer by listing some ways that stress
can affect health.
When the body reacts to stress, all of the body systems respond. Refer to the diagram to determine whether each of the following body functions increase or decrease during the flight-or-fight response. Write increases or decreases on the line provided.
________ 1. Adrenaline released into blood
________ 2. Blood flow to Brain
B. Sense Organs
________ 3. Perception of light
C. Digestive System
________ 4. Rate of digestion
________ 5. Stomach acid produced
________ 6. Energy produced by cells
D. Cardiovascular System
________ 7. Rate of breathing
________ 8. Heart rate
________ 9. Blood pressure
________10. Flow of blood to skin
________11. Ability of blood to clot
E. Excretory system
_______ 12. Sweating
F. Muscular System
_______ 13. Muscle tenseness
14. Critical Thinking: which of the responses to stress described in the diagram do you think causes each of the following?
When your body reacts to stress, all of the body systems respond. Refer
to the diagram to determine whether each of the following body
functions increase or decrease during the fight-or-fight response.
Write Increase or Decrease on the line provided.
___1. Adrenaline released into blood ___13. Muscle tenseness
___2. Blood flow to brain 14. Critical Thinking
B. Sense Organs Which of the responses to stress described
___3. Perception of light in the diagram do you think causes each of
C. Cardiovascular System the following
___4. Rate of breathing a. Clammy hands ___________________
___5. Heart rate b. Knots in stomach _________________
___6. Blood pressure c. Knocking knees or shaking hands ____
___7. Flow of blood to skin d. Looking pale ____________________
___8. Ability of blood to clot
D. Digestive System and Metabolism
___9. Rate of digestion
__10. Stomach acid produced
__11. Energy produced by cells
E. Excretory System
3. You meet a friend on the way to school. He tells you that he has a bad headache and he only slept for a few hours last night. Does this mean your friend is experiencing stress? Explain.
4. Think about how you felt the last time you were under stress. Which of the warning signs in the chart did you experience?
5.Critical Thinking:Why do you think it is important for a person to be able to recognize his or her warning signs of stress
To deal with stress, you might be able to identify its warning signs. The
signs can be behavioral, physical, mental or emotional. Identifying
warning signs of stress is a healthful behavior you can practice.
Write each sentence in the following passage that contains a warning
sign. In the table copy the sentence in which the warning sign occurs.
Identify the signs as classify them by type. The first one has been done
to show you how. If you need more help pg 62 of your text.
Warning Signs of Stress
Sentence Warning sign Type of Sign
That’s why she was so angry when it
Happened. Angry Emotional
Deirdre rarely missed the bus. That’s why she was so angry when it
happened. Well, that and the fact that her little brother was the reason.
He was always too slow getting ready in the morning! Now she had to
ask her mom to drive her to school.
As they backed out of the driveway, Deirdre thought “There’s no way
I’ll get school on time. “Then Deirdre’s mom asked her what she planned
to do after school. That made Deirdre even more irritable. She didn’t
want to talk about her plans with her mother.
By the time they got to school, Deirdre had a headache. It seemed like
she had a lit of headache lately. Maybe it was because she wasn’t
sleeping very well. She wasn’t eating all that much, either. She just
didn’t feel very hungry most of the time.
5. Relating Cause and Effect: why is it important to identify signs of stress early?
CO 1. Explain how individuals can have different responses to the same stressor.
CO 2. Describe two ways that personality affects stress.
CO 3. Identify the key factor in resilience.
LO 3. Good time management skills can reduce stress and help you be
more productive.Create a worksheet to show the tasks you do on a
daily basis and the amount of time you spend on each task. This work-
sheet will help you manage your time. Track how you spend your time.
Optimism Pessimism Perfectionist
Quick Quiz: How many of the following statements accurately describe how you think or behave.
Writing: Review your responses. Then explain why you might be more or less likely to be under stress than others.
People can have different reactions to the same stressor. Some may remain calm. Others may become anxious and tense. How you react to a stressor depends on how you assess the situation. As you assess the situation, you answer two important questions.
Your past experience have a lot to do with how you respond to new situations.
Your personality influences your assessment of a situation. You may face stressful situations with optimism or pessimism. Optimism is the tendency to focus on the positive aspects of a situation. Pessimism is the tendency to focus on the negative and expect the worst. Being a perfectionist can also increase your level of stress. A perfectionist is a person who accepts nothing less than excellence. Perfectionists are never satisfied. They set goals for themselves that are impossible to reach.
Some people can tolerate high levels of stress. They see stressful events as challenges, not threats. They believe they an control the outcome of the stressful event. The ability to recover, or “bounce back,” from extreme or prolonged stress is called resilience. The key factor in resilience is having the support of family and friends. Other factor include confidence, realistic plans, good communication and problem-solving skills, the ability to recognize and control feelings, and the recognition that change is a normal part of life.
1. What tow important questions are you answering when you assess a
stressful situation? a. ________ b. __________
Stress and Personality
2. Complete the table about stress and personality.
Response to Stress
a.______________ b. ___________________
c. ________________ d. __________________
e. ________________ f. _________________
How you think about situations makes a big difference in how much
stress they cause you. You can think either positively or negatively
about most situations. For example, as you teacher shows you how to
do a different problem, you might think “I can learn how to do this if
I try” (positive thinking) or “I’ll never be able to do this, so I might as
well not try” (negative thinking). Positive thinking can help you solve
problems and decrease stress. Negative thinking can make a problem
worse and increase stress.
As a group, brainstorm and record negative thought about each situation
below. For each negative thought, brainstorm and record a positive
thought. Discuss how the different thoughts would make you feel if you
were in each situation.
1. A basketball player is about to take a foul shot
2. A student walks out on a stage to give a speech.
3. Your teacher hands you a test and tells you to finish it in 30 minutes.
4. You suddenly remember that you left you wallet on a park bench.
Managing Your Time
Good time management skills can reduce stress and help you be more productive.
Use this worksheet to make a plan that will help you manage your time.
1.Track how you spend your time. How much time you spend on different task daily.
2. Make a daily “To Do” List
Break large tasks into smaller tasks that you can accomplish in one day.
3. Prioritize the importance of each task to this scale: A = very important B =
somewhat important, C = not very important
4. Plan your day.
Use this chart to plan your day, using the information you gathered in
the previous three steps.
5. Monitor your progress
Use this checklist to monitor your progress.
Does listing your daily tasks help you get
more done Yes No
Does prioritizing your tasks help you decide What
to do first? Do you Perform “A” priority task first Yes No
Do you refer to your list of daily tasks often? Yes No
Do you feel less stress and have more time to Yes No
5. Predicting: impatience is a common personality trait. Predict how impatience could affect a person’s level of stress.
CO 1. Identify ways to control stress, reduce tension, and change the way you think about stressors.
CO 2. Explain ways building resilience is important.
CO 3. Describe the value of seeking support from others when you are under stress.
LO 4. think of a stressful situation. Choose technique for coping with the stress caused by the situation. Then write a dialogue about the situation and the coping technique.
Mental Rehearsal Biofeedback
It is important t distinguish between stressors that you can control and
stressors that you cannot. That way, you can direct your energy toward
those things that are within you power to change. Two techniques that
can help you keep stress under control are time management and
mental rehearsal. Poor time management in one of the biggest
contributors to stress. Managing time productively allows you to get
more done. In a mental rehearsal, you practice an event without actually
doing the event This helps you feel more confident.
When you recognize warning signs of stress, you need to find a way to
reduce the tension. Three strategies that can help you relieve tension
are physical activity, relaxation, and biofeedback. Physical activity
provides you body with a health outlet for built-up energy and helps you
shift your focus form your problem. Relaxation gives your mind and
body a chance to rest. With biofeedback, people learn to control one or
more body functions by monitoring their body’s responses.
Sometimes you can reduce your level of stress by changing the way you
think about stressors. One way to change your thinking is to replace
negative thoughts with positive ones. You can also use humor in some
stressful situations. Monitor you internal conversations and replace
Negative thoughts with more positive or realistic versions. Humor can
allow you to deal quickly with stressors and keep it in the proper
You need to build you resilience to help you deal with extreme pro-
longed stress. Strategies to increase resilience include taking care of
yourself, building a support system, and taking action.
When the stress in you life becomes too overwhelming for you to
handle on your own, you may want to ask someone to help you with
your problems. Sharing your problems can help you see them more
clearly. Just describing your concerns to someone else often helps you
understand the problem better.
Dear Advise Line,
Writing: What advise would you offer to someone who is afraid of
speaking in public?
Begin your response “ Speaking in Public”
Role Playing: Coping with Stress
There are many different techniques for coping with stress-physical
activity, relaxation, time management, mental rehearsal, avoiding
negative thinking, humor, and reaching out for support, the technique
you choose is likely to vary depending on the situation and what you
feel comfortable doing.
1. Complete the graphic organizer by listing some possible results of
good time management.
2. Complete the table with information about methods for reducing
3. Describe methods for changing you thinking about stressors.
Change your Thinking about stressors
Avoid Negative Thinking
Critical Thinking: Making Judgments: Do you think the saying “don’t sweat the small stuff” is good advise for coping with stress? Why or why not?