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Language Registers. What is a Register?. describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking. Language Registers. Every Language has 5 language registers. Deciding which language register is appropriate depends on the:. A udience T opic S ituation.

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Presentation Transcript
what is a register
What is a Register?
  • describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking
language registers1
Language Registers
  • Every Language has 5 language registers
the universal rule
The Universal Rule
  • A person can go from one register to the next register without any conflicts
five language registers
Five Language Registers
  • Frozen
  • Formal
  • Consultative
  • Casual
  • Intimate
public voice
Public Voice
  • Frozen
  • Formal
  • Consultative
frozen register
Frozen Register
  • Also called static register
  • This style of communications RARELY or NEVER changes. It is “frozen” in time and content.
examples of frozen register
Examples of Frozen Register
  • Pledge of Allegiance
  • Words to a song
  • Poetry
  • Prayer
  • Preamble to the US Constitution
  • The Alma Mater
formal register
Formal Register
  • This language is used in formal settings and is one-way in nature.
  • This use of language usually follows a commonly accepted format.
  • It is usually impersonal and formal.
  • A common format for this register are speeches.
examples of formal register
Examples of Formal Register
  • Presentations
  • Academic Paper
  • Essays in school
  • Sermons
  • Speeches
  • Announcements
  • Interviews
consultative register
Consultative Register
  • This is a standard form of communications. Users engage in a mutually accepted structure of communications.
  • Two way communication used in conversation
  • No past experience with that person
  • It is professional discourse.
examples of consultative register
Examples of Consultative Register
  • Strangers who interact
  • Adults at work
  • Teachers with students
  • Talking with lawyer or doctor
  • Counselor and client
private voice
Private Voice
  • Casual
  • Intimate
casual register
Casual Register
  • This is informal language used by peers and friends.
  • Past experience with that person
  • Slang, vulgarities and colloquialisms are normal. This is “group” language.
  • One must be member to engage in this register.
examples of casual register
Examples of Casual Register
  • Talking with friends
  • Personal letter to a friend
  • Talk with teammates,
  • chats and emails
  • Personal blogs
intimate register
Intimate Register
  • This communications is private.
  • Language shared between couples, twins, very close friends
  • Language of sexual harassment.
  • It is reserved for close family members or intimate people.
examples of intimate register
Examples of Intimate Register
  • Finish each other’s sentences
  • Spouses
  • Boyfriend and Girlfriend
  • Siblings
  • Parent and Children
  • Very good friends