Language Registers. What is a Register?. describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking. Language Registers. Every Language has 5 language registers. Deciding which language register is appropriate depends on the:. A udience T opic S ituation.
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What is a Register? • describes the various styles of language available for writing or speaking
Language Registers • Every Language has 5 language registers
Deciding which language register is appropriate depends on the: Audience Topic Situation How do you decide which language register is appropriate to use?
The Universal Rule • A person can go from one register to the next register without any conflicts
Five Language Registers • Frozen • Formal • Consultative • Casual • Intimate
Public Voice • Frozen • Formal • Consultative
Frozen Register • Also called static register • This style of communications RARELY or NEVER changes. It is “frozen” in time and content.
Examples of Frozen Register • Pledge of Allegiance • Words to a song • Poetry • Prayer • Preamble to the US Constitution • The Alma Mater
Formal Register • This language is used in formal settings and is one-way in nature. • This use of language usually follows a commonly accepted format. • It is usually impersonal and formal. • A common format for this register are speeches.
Examples of Formal Register • Presentations • Academic Paper • Essays in school • Sermons • Speeches • Announcements • Interviews
Consultative Register • This is a standard form of communications. Users engage in a mutually accepted structure of communications. • Two way communication used in conversation • No past experience with that person • It is professional discourse.
Examples of Consultative Register • Strangers who interact • Adults at work • Teachers with students • Talking with lawyer or doctor • Counselor and client
Private Voice • Casual • Intimate
Casual Register • This is informal language used by peers and friends. • Past experience with that person • Slang, vulgarities and colloquialisms are normal. This is “group” language. • One must be member to engage in this register.
Examples of Casual Register • Talking with friends • Personal letter to a friend • Talk with teammates, • chats and emails • Personal blogs
Intimate Register • This communications is private. • Language shared between couples, twins, very close friends • Language of sexual harassment. • It is reserved for close family members or intimate people.
Examples of Intimate Register • Finish each other’s sentences • Spouses • Boyfriend and Girlfriend • Siblings • Parent and Children • Very good friends