CHINA. Lecture 22. OPIUM WAR. British sell Opium (drug) to Chinese China outlaws opium trade 1839: British & Chinese go to war Britain has strongest navy & easily wins Treaty of Nanjing – 1842 Britain gets island of Hong Kong China must open 5 ports to trade
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
CHINA Lecture 22
OPIUM WAR • British sell Opium (drug) to Chinese • China outlaws opium trade • 1839: British & Chinese go to war • Britain has strongest navy & easily wins • Treaty of Nanjing – 1842 • Britain gets island of Hong Kong • China must open 5 ports to trade • China must grant British exemption of local law • British live under British laws, not Chinese laws
Open Door Policy • China weakened from losing wars • Europe carves “spheres of influence” • U.S.A proposes Open Door Policy • Chinese trade open to all • Prevents China from being colonized • Still at the mercy of western nations
BOXER REBELLION • Chinese frustrated about western imperialism • Secret organization to drive out “foreign devils” • “Righteous Harmonious Fists” - known as Boxers • Spring 1900, Boxers attack foreigners • Surrounded Beijing and kept it under siege for months • 20,000 western troops defeat the Boxers
Chinese Republic • Sun Yat-Sen calls for reform • 3 Principles of the People • Free China from foreigners • Create democracy • Economic security for all Chinese • China becomes a Republic – 1911 • Sun Yat-sen becomes President • Attempts to achieve his “3 Principles”