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CHINA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CHINA

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  1. CHINA From Peasant to Power

  2. PRC –People’s Republic of China • Thousands of years –advanced and civilized • Missed Industrial Revolution • Became World’s weakling • Carved up by world powers • Civil war and Warlords disrupt country for 100 years

  3. CIVIL WAR • Kuomintang (Chiang Kai-shek) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hh7yamK-tU8&feature=PlayList&p=361180AFB463AC50&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=62 • Communist Party of China (Mao Zedong) • Survive Long March • Slow growth through pheasants and gain control of China http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrHlP9k29TY • Japanese surrender after WWII leaves Power Vacuum

  4. COMMUNIST CHINA • Becomes known as Red China • Makes nearly 1/3 world communist • Not recognized by US – Taiwan called China • Involved in Korea –

  5. Major Mao Events • GREAT LEAP FORWARD – results in 30-40 million deaths • CULTURAL REVOLUTION - 4 Olds “Red Guard” • US/SOVIET SPLITTER • GANG OF FOUR

  6. GREAT LEAP FORWARD • Mao total belief in Communist ideal Instituted policies to up industry and agricultural output Individual steel making No private farms

  7. CULTURAL REVOLUTION 1966 Mao regains power Red Guard – Attacked everything “old” –schools Book burnings – professors ousted http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIrUHVFkm9A&feature=related

  8. SOVIET/CHINA SPLIT • Dispute over border between USSR and China • Late 50’s into 60’s intensifies throughout decade. Fighting 1969 • Leads US to move towards China

  9. GANG OF FOUR 4 Major players behind Mao, including his wife. -after Mao’s death knocked out -all tried and convicted DeXi Ping takes over China

  10. DENG XIAOPING • Had helped reform China following Great Leap forward • Purged during Cultural revolution • Took control of China following Gang of Four • Instituted many forms of Capitalism (socialist market economy) • Foreign investment and limited private ownership. • -instituted one child program

  11. Tiananmen Square Protests Increasing freedoms resulted in growing unhappiness with totalitarian ways of government Death of HuYaobang 100,000 in square Martial Law May 20th 1,000s killed June 4th http://video.search.yahoo.com/search/video?p=tiananmen+massacre Tank man – stood in front of tanks would not allow to continue Above website

  12. China last 20 years • 1990’s China had massive growth 11.2 % - means - last 25 years average Chinese person 4 times richer • 150 million pheasants out of poverty • 2001 joined World Trade Group • Increased personal liberties • Huge increase in resource use and pollution production • Took control of Hong Kong 1997 • Planned mission to moon • Military – modernization – quality over quantity