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China. Information. Capital : Beijing is the capital of China. Size : China covers about 9,596,960 square kilometers. China is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada , and the USA ).

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Information

  • Capital: Beijing is the capital of China. Size: China covers about 9,596,960 square kilometers. China is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and the USA).

  • Population: China has the largest population of any country in the world. The population of China is about 1,319,175,333 (as of May 13, 2008). China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, and 4 municipalities.


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China’s Flag

  • China's national flag was adopted in September, 1949. This flag was first flown in Tiananmen Square on October 1, 1949 - the day of the founding of the People's Republic of China. The rectangular flag has a red field with five golden-yellow stars (each with five points) in the upper left corner. The star on the left is larger than the other four.

  • The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution. The large star symbolizes the Communist Party (which rules China) and the smaller stars represent the people of China.



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Physical Geography

  • Climate: China's climate ranges from desert to tropical to subarctic.

  • Major Rivers: The major rivers in China are the Yangtse River, the Yellow River, and the Pearl River. Songhua River

  • Mountain Ranges: The highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas, borders China. Other major mountain ranges in China are the Kunlun Mountains, the Tsinling Mountains, and the Nan range.


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Huang He (Yellow River)Second Longest in China, The most heavily silt-laden river in the world



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Chang Jiang (Yangtze) RiverLargest and Longest in China


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Xi Jiang (West or Pearl) River


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Mount Everest

  • The highest point in China is Mount Everest 29,035 feet(8,850 m tall), in the Himalayas. The summit is located between Nepal and Tibet.

  • Corpses remaining: about 120

  • Named after: Sir George Everest in 1865 -the British surveyor-general of India.


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Why is Everest hard to climb?

  • Frostbite is the temporary (superficial) or permanent (deep) skin tissue damage caused by prolonged skin-tissue temperature of 23 degrees F and below.

  • Essential equipment: Oxygen canisters: five to seven 3l bottles; a sack to collect ice and snow, for melting; and wet wipes for washing your body. These freeze, so you need to sleep with them inside your tent if they're going to be of any use. You'll also need a satellite phone, a two-way radio and some foot powder.

  • As altitude increases, the number of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced. At 12,000ft (3,658m), there are 40 per cent fewer per breath. To compensate, your breathing rate must increase a great deal, even at rest. The body can also overcompensate by allowing blood vessels to leak in the brain or lungs.


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Time

  • GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time, measured on the Prime Meridian (zero degrees longitude) in Greenwich, England. now called UTC (Universal Coordinated Time

  • China is UTC + 8 hours

  • Central Daylight (TX) Subtract Five hours from UTC/GMT

  • What time is it right now in China?



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All About the Great Wall of China

  • The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.). In Chinese the wall is called "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng" which means 10,000-Li Long Wall (10,000 Li = about 5,000 km).


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  • After subjugating and uniting China from seven Warring States, the emperor connected and extended four old fortification walls along the north of China that originated about 700 B.C. (over 2500 years ago). Armies were stationed along the wall as a first line of defense against the invading nomadic Hsiung Nu tribes north of China (the Huns). Signal fires from the Wall provided early warning of an attack.


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  • The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth. It was over 5,000 km (=10,000 Li) long. Its thickness ranged from about 4.5 to 9 meters (15 to 30 feet) and was up to 7.5 meters (25 feet) tall.


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  • During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added. The Great Wall can be seen from Earth’s orbit, but, contrary to legend, is not visible from the moon, according to astronauts Neil Armstrong, Jim Lovell, and Jim Irwin.


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Hmmm, that’s interesting enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.

  • Paper was invented in China around 105 A.D., by the eunuch Ts'ai Lun. According to the official history of the Han dynasty (3rd century A.D.)

  • The Chinese physician Hua T'o, born sometime between 140 and 150 A.D., was the first doctor known to perform surgery under general anaesthetic.

  • It is not true that the early Chinese used gunpowder only for fireworks. They had forms of guns (invented in 1288), bombs, grenades, rockets, land mines, and other arms.

  • How to manufacture porcelain, or "china", was a mystery known only to the Chinese until around 1700.


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More useless crap enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.

  • The world's largest billboard is 300 meters long and 45 meters high. It is in southeast China, overlooking the Yangtze River at Chongqing. However, this area is so continually foggy that no-one has advertised on it since 1998, so China has decided to tear it down.

  • Three of the world's ten longest rivers have their source in China, and a further three have their source in Mongolia.

  • The art of printing from wooden blocks with the characters in reverse started in Buddhist monasteries in China. The oldest surviving printed book that can be reliably dated is a Buddhist text, the Diamond Sutra, which was made in China in 868.

  • The story of Cinderella first appears in a Chinese book written between 850 and 860 A.D.


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The Grand Canal enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.

  • Grand Canal, a waterway 100 feet wide, lined with roads and trees, and stretching for 1,000 miles.

  • Almost 5.5 million people were involved in the construction, and it has been estimated that 2.5 million died due to the harshness of the working conditions. The canal, extending from Peking to Hangchow, is as navigable today as when it was built almost 1,400 years ago.


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  • The Three Gorges Dam is a Chinese hydroelectric river dam that spans the Yangtze River in China. The total electric generating capacity of the dam will reach 22,500 megawatts, at which point it will be the largest hydro-electric power station in the world. This is the biggest project that has been undertaken in China since the Great Wall and the Grand Canal. Several generators are yet to be installed; the dam is not expected to become fully operational until about 2011.


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The project was begun in 1993 at an official cost of 200bn Yuan ($25 billion), though unofficial estimates are far higher.


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When the dam's reservoir reaches its final height of 175m, the five-chamber ship lock will raise boats by as much as 113m.