Where did we leave Mao? In the north after the Long March Who chased him north? Chaing Kai Shek (Jeing Jeishi) Do you think Mao is going to stay in the North? No, in 1949 he gains enough support and takes over China. Chaing Kai Shek flees the country and goes to the island Taiwan. Chinese Communist Revolution =
1949 Chinese Communist Revolution Mao Zedong comes out of the north with his communist troops and takes over the nation. = China is now communist!! Chiang Kei Shek (Jeing Jeishi) flees China and goes to Taiwan with his nationalist troops. From there he will receive support from the United States. As they push for containment continues. Video clip
What do you think life was like in China under Mao’s control?Remember he believes in communism.
Mao in Charge • Like Lenin and Stalin he built a one-party totalitarian state. • Communist ideology replaced Confucian and traditional beliefs. • He began educating the youth of the benefits of communism. • Women were to work along side men in the fields and factories.
Great Leap Forward • In 1958, Mao launched the Great Leap Forward. • He urged people to make a super human effort to improve the economy. Put China on the map.
Plentiful Harvest?? Death toll from starvation 30 million Whose lying?
Reality of the Great Leap Forward Great Leap Forward 1959-1961 30 million starved to death The Government blamed it on bad weather.
Cultural Revolution • Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in 1966 to purge China of perceived enemies. • He brainwashed the youth and made them Red Guards. • Counterrevolutionaries were targeted, tortured and killed. • Mao preached the Little Red Book Video clip
China After Mao • Mao died 1976 • Deng Xiaoping becomes President of China
Deng and the Four Modernizations *allowed some private ownership of business *tolerated some free-market policies *welcomed foreign money and technology “It doesn’t matter if the cat is red(socialist) or white (capitalist)as long as it catches mice” Deng Xiaoping *His reform’s brought a surge of economic growth and an improvement in the standard of living.
What do you think a pro-democracy protest might look like?Who might be wanting democracy?
Tiananmen Square Massacre • 1989 • Anti-communist protestors built a huge plaster statute of Lady Liberty • They shouted “give us liberty or give us death” • When ordered by the military to disperse they refused to move • Deng sent in the troops to crush the rebellion Video clip
China and the Cold War *In 1949 the U.S. supported Jiang Jieshi (Chaing Kai Shek) in Taiwan. *China supported communist North Korea during the Cold War. *In 1971, China joined the United Nations *Formal relations between the U.S. and China began *China and the U.S.S.R were not close friends
Jiang Zemin Succeeds Deng • 1993 • Jiang Zemin continued to modernize China • Capitalism spread but the government remained firmly Communist • Foreign relations increased as they modernized
“One country, two systems” Deng Xiaoping What does this mean for each country?
China and Taiwan Nuclear Stand-Off • 1995 • China tests missiles and holds military exercises in the Taiwan Strait to intimidate Taiwan during its presidential elections • Taiwan test missiles of their own toward China • U.S. vows to stand with Taiwan
Hong Kong • 1997 Hong Kong was returned to China by the British (Opium War Treaty of Nanjing) • 6 million people live on several small islands • China refers to it as a “renegade province” • Hong Kong is home to more Rolls Royce, more millionaires and billionaires per capita than any other place on earth
2003 SARS OUTBREAK • The virus breaks out in the Guangdong Province
Environmental Issue The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric project in the world. One hundred forty towns lie in the path Between one and two million people will lose their homes and have to move away.
Installed power generation capacity: 18.2 million kilowatts Expected investment: 24.65 billion (U.S.)
Trade Issue China exports more than it imports. = Trade Balance
China Takes on the World • The railroad station in the Angolan town of Dondo hasn't seen a train in years. Its windows are boarded up, its pale pink façade crumbling away; the local coffee trade that Portuguese colonialists founded long ago is a distant memory, victim of a civil war that lasted for 27 years. Dondo's fortunes, however, may be looking up. This month, work is scheduled to start on the local section of the line that links the town to the deep harbor at Luanda, Angola's capital. The work will be done by Chinese construction firms, and as two of their workers survey the track, an Angolan security guard sums up his feelings. "Thank you, God," he says, "for the Chinese."
What are Human Rights? http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
If the government wants to shut you up they simply arrest you and ship you off to a labour camp. • Labour Camps = Laogai
HR Issue #1 Laogai Prison SystemLabour Camps = re-education • Laogai does not exist simply to punish criminals in accordance with the law, its purpose is to further strengthen the rule of the Communist Party by suppressing any signs of dissent. • The system tries to “reform” inmates and make them into productive, socialist citizens.
The precise population and the number of camps in the Laogai are considered state secrets The Laogai Research Foundation estimates that the Laogai population is between 4 to 6 million prisoners.
The Laogai camps are also an integral part of China’s national economy. Laogai is a source of endless cost-free labor. The millions in the Chinese Laogai constitute the world’s largest forcedlabor population.
Now do you see why so many things are “Made in China”? The government doesn’t pay the work force. Companies like Walmart buy these goods from China, put an “always low price” tag on it and you and I buy it.