The Wild West PART I: The Cattle Drive PART II: Farming in the West With your partner, watch the video & then answer the following. WARM UP: Crash Course U.S. History—Episode #24 (Westward Expansion)
So here’s what we know at this point • Mining and railroads drew people out west • The mining boom was short-lived (1850s to 1880s) • The Transcontinental Railroad connected the country and changed how we lived, did business and traveled. • Westward expansion meant the decline of American Indian civilizations. • Expansion meant the near extinction of buffalo. • The gold rush was replaced by cattle kingdoms and farming.
Why Go Westward? WHICH IS TRUE? • “I was told there was free land.” • “I was told the native Indians are cruel savages.” • “There’s an economic depression back East.” • “I want a better life for my family.”
The Great Oklahoma Land Rush • In one day (April 22, 1889) over 6 MILLION acres of land were “claimed” by white settlers. • Where are the Native Americans in this scene from the film Far and Away?
The Cattle Trail (name one!) • If you can survive
Cattle Drives • Cattle Parade! • Modern Day Cattle Drives The Vaquero
Boom & Bust in the Cattle Kingdom • 1860s-1880s • Buy for $5, sell as high as $40-$60 a head. • New breeds • Expansion of railroads • High demand back east • 1886-1887= scorching summers/bitter winters • Economic depression lessens demand • Barbed wire leads to enclosure of open range
END PART I: THE CATTLE KINGDOMAnswer the following for HW • How have humans changed the environment of the West? • What led to the boom and bust in the cattle industry? • Describe cattle drives, vaqueros and cattle towns? • How did cow towns create the myth of the Wild West? • Why did the cattle boom end?