The Wild West 1800’s to 1860’s
Background to Exploration of the West • As our country grew we needed more room! • The Wild West at first was the Appalachian Mountains. • People like Daniel Boone cleared the way for people to settle west of this mountain range in the Ohio River Valley. I’m Daniel Boone What it looks like now!
More Background • As the country grew more, we kept moving west. • The Mississippi River was the border of the explored and settled America. • The Mississippi was used for transportation and moving goods • The southern start of the route was New Orleans, owned by the French. • The northern start of the route was St. Louis, owned by us. New Orleans
Louisiana Purchase • French owned New Orleans was creating an issue for Americans. • As the French fought with England, they needed money for war. So travel on the Mississippi River was taxed. • Thomas Jefferson sent an ambassador to France to purchase New Orleans. He sent the man with the power to spend $10 million for the city. Mardi Gras, 1890
Louisiana Purchase • Napoleon really needed money so instead of selling New Orleans, he offered to sell all of their land in the America.
The Statistics of the Louisiana Purchase I could buy 14 states? • Happened on April 30th, 1803 • Sold for $15 Million ($217 Million in Today’s $) • 829,000 acres • 14 future states • 3 cents per acre • Doubled size of US at the time NOTABLE PEOPLE WHO MAKE MORE THAN $15 MILLION A YEAR Simon Cowell - $45 million Oprah - $260 million Alex Rodriguez - $25 million Miley Cyrus - $25 million Taylor Swift - $19 million Harry Potter - $32 million JayZ - $20 million LeBron James - $15 million
The Opening of the West • Thomas Jefferson was a big fan of Natural History (aka Field Museum or ) • He needed someone to explore what he just bought. • He picked Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Lewis and Clark Goal: To find a water route from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean • Left: May 14th, 1804 • Returned: September 23rd, 1806 • 33 men called the Corps of Discovery • The total cost of journey: $2,500 • Took only what they couldn’t find in the wild Fort Mandan North Dakota They made it!
Sacajawea • She is credited with helping Lewis and Clark survive. • Her husband, a French guy, was hired as a guide for the expedition in North Dakota. • She spoke Shoshone and was very useful interpreting. • She helped them get horses for the trip over the Rocky Mountains , You’re A Fat Cow! Well, You’re A Donkey!
The Importance of the Expedition • Made 140 detailed maps • Discovered over 100 species of animals • Discovered 176 species of plants • Developed positive relationships with the local Native Americans • Failed at their Goal; there is no water route through the United States. Prairie Dogs & Bison
Homework Read pg. 272 – 277 Make 2 column notes like this:
The Paths West 1848 - 1890