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ITU …connecting the world

ITU …connecting the world. CONGRESS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS IN THE BICENTENNIAL 21 September 2010 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Introduction to ITU. Founded in 1865, oldest s pecialized agency of the UN Standards making one of the ITU’s first activities

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ITU …connecting the world

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  2. Introduction to ITU • Founded in 1865, oldest specialized agency of the UN • Standards making one of the ITU’s first activities • 191 Member States, 780 private sector entities • HQ Geneva, 11 regional offices, 760 staff / 80 nationalities • Named as one of the world’s ten most enduring institutions by Booz Allen

  3. ITU Structure ITU-R: Global radio spectrum and satellite orbits ITU-D: Bridging the digital divide ITU-T: Without ITU standards you couldn’t make a call or surf the Internet

  4. Enabling Environment ITU works with regulators/policy makers and industry to develop/share guidelines and best practices as well as global standards Global Symposium for Regulators ICT Regulation Toolkit ITU Study Groups Capacity-building in developing and least developed countries Workshops and symposiums

  5. ICT Development ITU has mandate from membership to help spread ICT connectivity – connect the unconnected Building capacities in developing and least developed countries Working with ITU government membership and industry partners Executing agency of UN for ICT projects Mobilizing resources and partners for implementation

  6. Global Cybersecurity AgendaLaunched 17 May 2007 ITU framework for global action: Legal Measures Technical and Procedural Measures Organizational Structures Capacity Building International Cooperation

  7. Managing Spectrum World Radiocommunication Conference 2007 Spectrum for future mobile communications Spectrum for broadcasting Satellite communications Spectrum for advanced aeronautical communications Global Maritime issues Protect frequencies for earth-exploration satellites to monitor resources, emergencies, meteorology, climate change

  8. IMT Background • Broadband multimedia • First IMT standards – IMT-2000 • Now more than a billion IMT-2000 (3G) subscribers • IMT-Advanced • Global platform for the next generation of mobile services • Fast data access, unified messaging and broadband multimedia – exciting new interactive services

  9. What is IMT-Advanced? • IMT-Advanced systems will: • Provide access to a wide range of services supported by (increasingly packet-based) mobile and fixed networks. • Support low to high mobility applications and a wide range of data rates in multiple user environments. • Provide for high quality multimedia applications within a wide range platforms with significant improvement in performance and QoS.

  10. Key features • A high degree of interoperability worldwide • Flexibility to support a wide range of services in a cost efficient manner • Service compatibility: IMT and fixed networks • Interworking with other radio access systems • User equipment suitable for worldwide use • Worldwide roaming capability • Enhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications

  11. ITU Standards in Action

  12. ITU-T Recommendations: Not all standards are equal Recommendations become mandatory if adopted in law Private standards may confuse users and consumers ITU’s broad range of stakeholders, and robust processes provide the basis for consensus across sectors and countries Market-driven international standards, based on objective information and knowledge. Meet the needs and concerns of all relevant stakeholders

  13. Member State Participation

  14. Strategic Objectives Develop and publish timely global standards Identify relevant areas for future standardization projects Provide the most attractive forum for standardization in the interest of the membership Promote value of ITU-T to attract increased membership Disseminate information and know-how Cooperate and collaborate with other Sectors and other entities Provide support and assistance to the membership, in particular developing countries

  15. ITU-T Key Features • Open, transparent, consensus based, fast working, public/private partnership • Technical standards developed by industry members, when consensus placed on website and if no comments after 4 weeks is in effect approved by 191 governments • ITU standards are therefore truly global, open standards, unlike those of many other standards bodies, fora or consortium that claim to produce global and open standards, available free of charge • Publicly available database of products and services meeting ITU standards • Organizing interoperability events to prove interoperability of different vendors equipment • Common IPR policy with ISO and IEC (FRAN)

  16. Importance of Global Standards • Global Standards essential in a complex world • Standards make things easier • Essential for international communications and global trade • Drive competitiveness, for individual businesses and world economy • Help organisations with their efficiency, effectiveness, responsiveness and innovation • Lower prices and increase availability by reducing technical barriers and promoting compatibility between systems and networks • Manufacturers, network operators and consumers benefit

  17. Study Groups 2009: A year of highlights • Despite financial crisis many study groups saw increased participation • Remote participation on the rise • 120 e-meetings • First global standard for a fully networked home • ITU-T Rec. G.9960; ex G.hn • Universal charger for mobile phones • Methodology to measure the impact of ICTs on climate change with the involvement of 20 other organizations • Handbooks on Optical fibres, cables and systems, converged networks, and the security manual

  18. Workshops 2009: A year of highlights • 30 events, 2500 participants • Implementation of WTSA-08 decisions • Bridging the standardization gap • ICTs and climate change • Cybersecurity • NGN • Accessibility • First fully virtual ITU symposium on ICTs and climate change • Organised together with the KCC and TTA • 5th Fully Networked Car

  19. Recent Activities in the Region Regional Group for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santo Domingo, 6-9 July 2010 Regional ITU Consultation on Conformance Assessment and Interoperability, Quito, Ecuador, 6 July 2010 ITU-T Study Group 5 Buenos Aires, Argentina 12-16 April 2010 ITU-T Workshop on "Interactions of Voiceband Signal Processing Functions and their End-to-End Coordination" Germantown, Maryland, USA, 21 April 2010 Seminar on ITU-T hot topics for standardization and Kaleidoscope event: Innovations for Digital Inclusion Mar del Plata, Argentina, 31 August - 01 September 2009 ITU-T Study Groups 11 and 13 and IPTV-GSI Mar del Plata, Argentina 2-12 September 2009 ITU panel “Globalization of Standardization and Making the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Accessible” at the 18th Biennial TDI Conference “Where Access begins” Washington DC, USA, 30 July - 1 August 2009 ITU Symposium on ICTs and Climate Change and Forum on "Implementation of decisions of the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-08)“ Quito, Ecuador, 7-10 July 2009 Regional Seminar on the economic and financial aspects of telecommunications for Member Countries of the Study Group 3 Regional Group for Latin America and Caribbean (SG3RG-LAC) (former TAL Group) Lima, Peru, 23 - 24 June 2009 19

  20. Region’s Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen (ITU-T) Bruce Gracie, Chairman TSAG, Industry Canada, Canada Stephen J. Trowbridge, VC TSAG, Alcatel-Lucent, USA Marcos Pérez García VC, SG2, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba, S.A. (ETECSA), Cuba Steven D. Lind, VC SG 2, AT&T, USA Leslie Joseph Martinkovics, VC, SG3, Verizon, USA Héctor Mario Carril, VC SG5, Secretaria de comunicaciones, Argentina Arthur Webster, Chairman SG 9, US Department of Commerce, USA Charles A. Dvorak, Chairman SG 12, AT&T, USA Júlio Cesar Fonseca, VC SG15, Regional focus group coordination, ANATEL, Brazil Mark T. Neibert, VC SG16, Ygomi, USA Antonio Guimaraes, VC SG17, ANATEL, Brazil 20

  21. The network knocks at your door • Home Networking to achieve interoperability on a global scale • PC World (US) 13.12.08: “The powerful world standards organization …[ITU].. has reached agreement on G.hn a set of specifications that would encompass phone lines, power lines, and coaxial cable to provide HDTV room to room…” • Now: G.hn for Smart Grid 21

  22. Future networks • Focus Group • Collect and identify visions of future networks • Next Meetings: Geneva; Brazil; India • Report will be presented to Council Dedicated Group on Internet Governance

  23. ITU-T’s quantum leaps in speech, audio and video quality • Video codec H.264 in HDTV, iPhone, Blu-ray, 3G, etc • 2008 Primetime Emmy award • Call for technical contributions for next generation • Extension of work on speech coding: • Wider bandwidths, richer user experience

  24. Intelligent Transport Systems • ITU, ISO and IEC and Geneva Motor Show • Annual Event • New work: • Wideband communication in cars • Vehicle gateway protocol

  25. Safety in the cyber world • Identity management (IdM) • Security standards for: • NGN • IPTV • Home networks, • Ubiquitous sensor networks • Mobiles • Traceback • Countering spam (EVCert) • Road map of security standards: itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com17/ict/ • Cybersecurity Information Exchange Framework (CYBEX) • Security Workshop, Geneva 6-7 December 2010

  26. Accessibility Champions principles Universal Design enshrined in the UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities Includes accessibility features in all standards Strong advocacy focus Group to coordinate activities on accessibility ITU led Dynamic Coalition on the Internet and Accessibility at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Proposed new Focus Group on Interoperability of Accessibility protocols 26

  27. Focus Group on ICTs and Climate Change • ITU led Dynamic Coalition on Internet and Climate change at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) • Participation in COP15 • Establishing close liaison with UNFCCC ICTs and Climate Change UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon: "ITU is one of the very important stakeholders in the area of climate change." Participants in Focus Group ICT and Climate Change

  28. Universal charger • ITU-T Recommendation L.1000 • Delivers 50% reduction in standby energy consumption, will eliminate up to 82,000 tonnes of redundant chargers, and cuts GHG emissions by at least 13.6 million tonnes CO2 annually

  29. Common Methodology Common methodology for measuring ICT carbon footprint Without, it will be impossible to provide meaningful comparisons Helps to establish the business case to go green Over 20 organizations participate in the ITU group Standards on life cycle environmental impact of ICTs goods and services, and ICT projects, November 2010 29

  30. Economic and policy issues • SG 3 deals with international tariff and charging • Recommendations on charging and accounting for International Internet Connectivity • Recommendations on charging and accounting for international mobile telephony • Guidelines for resolution of disputes regarding charging and accounting • Development of charging and accounting/settlement mechanisms 30

  31. Technology Watch: Scouting for future technologies … • Recent papers: • Remote collaboration tools • Ubiquitous Sensor Networks • ICTs and Climate Change • Telepresence • High-performance video-conferencing • Intelligent Transport Systems • Lawful interception (LI) • Next-Generation Networks (NGNs) and energy efficiency • Mobile applications • Batteries for portable ICT devices • Upcoming: ICTs and food security, network robotics, telebiometrics • New Briefing Reports published in ITU News

  32. Chief Technology Officer (CTO) meeting Nineteen major CTOs Recognition of need for review of standardization landscape Results will be presented at next meeting, Paris, 29 October.

  33. Next generation electricity • Chief Technology Officer Group highlighted Smart Grid as a priority area • Focus Group on Smart Grid will • Identify impacts on standards development • Investigate ITU-T study items • Familiarize ITU-T with emerging attributes of smart grid • Encourage collaboration between ITU-T membership and utilities

  34. In the cloud • WTPF participants highlighted Cloud as a priority area • Focus Group on Cloud Computing will • Identify potential impacts on ITU-T standards development • Investigate future study items • Analyze how interoperability can be assured • Familiarize ITU-T with emerging attributes and challenges of cloud computing

  35. Kaleidoscope 2010 • Pune,India, 13-15 December 2010 • Exhibition by local universities • Best paper awards $10,000 • Proceedings  IEEE Xplore online library • New this year: • Standards Corner (tutorial) • Jules Verne’s Corner (SciFi writers and dreamers) • Additional info: itu-kaleidoscope.org/2010 • Associated events: Focus Group on Future Networks • Third IPTV Interoperability event

  36. ITU and IPv6 Massive deployment of Internet-related resources=depletion of IPv4 addresses. ITU actively promoting IPv6 deployment New ITU-T/D Group established two CGs Next meeting 1-2 September Open participation

  37. The International Telecommunication Regulations • ITRs catalyzed global telecoms liberalization and facilitated Internet • Adopted to: • Provide a basis for the provision & operation of international telecommunication services • To designate responsibilities of Admins and Operators • To provide general principles, even for commercially-negotiated arrangements • Revision under discussion since PP98 • WTSA and WCIT 5-30 November 2012 • ITRs: Abrogate, revise or update? New issues? 37

  38. Conformity and interoperability • Conformity assessment benefits manufacturers, service providers, users and regulators and supports sustainable development. • Conformity gives confidence and facilitates access to world markets. • All successful SDOs have testing specifications; conformance testing to determine compliant products; and interoperability testing.

  39. ITU’s Conformity and Interoperability Programme Four Action Lines: Creation of a conformity database Organisation of interoperability events Develop human resources capacity through workshops and tutorials Assist establishment of test facilities in developing countries

  40. The ITU-T “Pilot” Conformity Database Will provide a source of what products have been successfully tested to ITU-T Recommendations.  Pilot conformity database follows ISO/IEC 17000-series: Requires the issue of a Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) (ISO/IEC 17050) Voluntary and free, open to ITU members. Non-members may participate on a case by case basis Testing 1st, 2nd, 3rd party accredited labs conformity assessment 3rd party accredited certifiers

  41. IPTV Interop events

  42. Capacity Building • Develop expertise in conformity and interoperability testing • In collaboration with BDT • Plan to organize tutorials at established test centres around the world • Joint workshops planned with UNIDO

  43. Establishment of conformity test centres in developing countries Need to build partnerships with relevant organizations: UNIDO, ISO (CASCO), IEC, IAF and ILAC UNIDO has a programme to assist in establishment of accreditation bodies and conformity test centres in developing countries UNIDO offer of collaboration

  44. Regional Consultation Meetings 2010 Americas – 6 July, Quito, Ecuador Africa – 30-31 July, Nairobi, Kenya Asia Pacific – 16-17 September – Australia Continue the discussion to better implement the four action lines adopted by Council 2009. Improve the ITU-T pilot conformity database to meet the requirements of all the stakeholders in the spirit of the WTSA-08 Resolution 76 addressing the needs of developing countries on this subject.

  45. Business Plan Council endorsed need to develop a business plan for the long term implementation of the programme Need to first determine the demand for each of the action lines Amend programme in light of further consultations

  46. Admission of Sector Members from Developing countries • ITU Council supports proposal to reduce cost to 1/16 of the Sector Member contributory unit = CHF 3,975 • Proposal to be reviewed at PP’10 Admission of academia, universities and their associated research establishments • ITU Council supports proposal to reduce cost to 1/32 of the Sector Member contributory unit = CHF 1,987 • Academia Member would not participate in approval process of Recommendations. Proposal to be reviewed at PP’10 46

  47. Plenipotentiary Conference 2010 4 to 22 October 2010 The key event at which ITU Member States decide on ITU’s future role of the organization. Sets the Union's general policies, adopts four-year strategic and financial plans and elects the senior management team, the members of Council and the members of the Radio Regulations Board. 47

  48. malcolm.johnson@itu.int

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