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  1. English Oct. 9

  2. Agenda • Literary Analysis Essay • Typed-12 font, double-spaced, due at the end of the hour tomorrow.

  3. Literary Analysis Essay Your Task: Write a critical essay in which you discuss at least two works of literature you have read from the particular perspective of the statement that is provided for you in the Critical Lens. In your essay, provide a valid interpretation of the statement, agree or disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it, and support your opinion using specific references to appropriate literary elements from the works.

  4. Literary Elements CHARACTERIZATION the various means an author uses to describe and develop characters CONFLICT a confrontation or struggle between opposing forces (Man v. Man ; Man v. Self ; Man v. Nature ; Man v. Society FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE descriptions that associate or compare distinct things (simile ; metaphor ; alliteration ; personification ; hyperbole) FLASHBACK a scene that interrupts the present action to depict some earlier event

  5. Literary Elements FORESHADOWING •an author’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story IMAGERY •the use of language to convey a visual picture or represent a sensory experience• IRONY•acontradiction between what is expected (or what appears to be) and what actually happens• PLOT •the sequence of events in a literary work

  6. Literary Elements •POINT OF VIEW •the perspective from which a narrative is told first-person “I” ; third-person(omniscient/limited) •SETTING •the time and place of the action in a literary work •SYMBOLISM /allegory •anything that stands for or represents something else •THEME •the central messages revealed through a literary work •TONE •the writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject

  7. Focus Quote: “Good people are good because they’ve come to wisdom through failure” -William Saroyan

  8. Layout Introduction •Body Paragraph 1 –Literary Work 1 –Literary Element 1 •Body Paragraph 2 –Literary Work 2 –Literary Element 2 •Body Paragraph 3 –Literary Work –Literary Elements Conclusion

  9. Introduction: FOUR STEPS: 1.Introduce/State Quote 2.Interpret Quote 3.Agree or Disagree with the Quote 4.Thesis

  10. Introduction: STEP ONE: 1.State Quote According to William Saroyan, “Good people are good because they’ve come to wisdom through failure.”

  11. Introduction: STEP TWO: 2. Interpret Quote This quotation means that sometimes people learn to change their ways once they have gone through difficult times.

  12. Introduction: STEP THREE: 3. Agree or Disagree with the Quote I agree with this quotation, as it holds true in life and in literature

  13. Introduction: STEP FOUR: 4.Thesis Life and literature both support the idea that true change cannot take place unless a person goes through challenges and failures.

  14. A thesis statement is a complete sentence that contains one main idea. This idea controls the content of the entire essay. A thesis statement that contains subpoints also helps a reader know how the essay will be organized.

  15. Psychologists have argued for decades about how a person’s character is formed. Numerous psychologists believe that one’s birth order (i.e. place in the family as the youngest, oldest, or middle child) has the greatest influence. I believe birth order can have a significant impact in the formation of a child’s character based on my own experience growing up in a family of four children. Birth order can strongly affect one’s relationship with parents, relationships with others, and how one views responsibility as an adult

  16. Body Paragraph 1: FIVE STEPS: 1.Topic Sentence –The short story ________ shows that ________. 2.Transition Statement/Literary Element –One way (author/work) proves this point is through (insert literary element) 3.Define Literary Element 4.Connect Lens and Literary Element 5.Concluding Sentence

  17. Body Paragraph 1: STEP ONE: 1.Topic Sentence The short story(title of literary work 1)demonstrates that in order to gain that which we truly desire, we must sometimes give up all that we have.

  18. Body Paragraph 1: STEP FOUR: 4.Connect Lens and Literary Element Provide and Explain TWO Examples from the short stories that Support the Quote using the Literary Device you have Selected.

  19. Body Paragraph 1: STEP FIVE:5 Concluding Sentence Write a concluding sentence that ties your paragraph’s main idea back to your thesis.

  20. Conclusion: FIVE STEPS: 1.Introduce/State Quote 2.Interpret Quote 3.Agree or Disagree with the Quote 4.Thesis –The novel _________ by ________ supports/does not support the idea that (reword the quote). 5.Concluding Sentence (that ties the main ideas of the paper back to the critical lens)

  21. Focus Quote: “Good people are good because they’ve come to wisdom through failure” -William Saroyan

  22. Task: In your essay, provide a valid interpretation of the statement, agree or disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it, and support your opinion using specific references to appropriate literary elements from the stories we have read.

  23. Guidelines: Be sure to: •Provide a valid interpretation of the critical lens that clearlyestablishesthe criteria for analysis •Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it •Choose two works you have read that you believe best supports your opinion •Use the criteria suggested by the critical lens to analyze the work you have chosen •Avoid plot summary. Instead, use specific references to appropriate literary elements (for example: theme, characterization, setting, point of view) to develop your analysis •Organize your ideas in a unified and coherent manner •Specify the titles and authors of the literature you choose •Follow the conventions of standard written English