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India. By: Shelby Webb A.J. McNeal Tyler Hill. India Society Divides. Aryan society became more complex and they divided into groups

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india

India

By: Shelby Webb

A.J. McNeal

Tyler Hill

india society divides
India Society Divides
  • Aryan society became more complex and they divided into groups
  • There are four main Varnas: Brahmins(priest), Kshatriyas(rulers or worriers), Vaisyas(farmers, craftspeople, and traders), Sudras(laborers and non-Aryans)
  • Brahmins were seen as the highest because they preformed rituals for the gods
  • Varnas in Indian society got even more complex and were further divided into many castes, or groups
  • These castes were based on a person’s birth, wealth, or occupation
  • Overtime caste gained or lost favor in society as caste members gained wealth and power
caste rules
Caste Rules
  • To keep castes distinct the Aryans developed guides wich listed all the rules for the caste system
  • Examples: People aren’t allowed to marry anyone from a different classes. People from different classes can’t eat with one another.
  • People who broke the caste rules could be banned from their homes or their castes
  • Because of these rules people spent most of their time with others in the same class
the vedas
The Vedas
  • Aryan priest were called Brahmins, their religion is Brahmanism
  • Aryan religion was based on the Vedas
  • These four Vedas contained hymns and poems
  • Indra is a god of the sky and war
  • Overtime Brahmins wrote down their thoughts about Vedas, these thoughts were complined into collections called Vedic Texts
  • Priest placed animals, food, or drinks to be sacrified in a fire that would carry these offerings to gods
  • preformed secret rituals that only certain people can do, if they preform these secret rituals they do it in forest where no one could find them
the vedas1
The Vedas
  • Upanishads- these writings are reflections on the Vedas by religions, students, and teachers
  • Eventualy all ideas of these sacred texts began to blend with ideas from other cultures
  • Persia and other kingdoms in Centeral Asia brought their ideas to India
  • The blending of ideas created a religion called Hinduism – the largest religion in India today
hinduism
Hinduism
  • Hindus believe in many gods, three major gods: Brahma the Creator, Siva the destroyer, and Vishnu the Preserver
  • Hindus believe that each god is part of a single universal spirit called Brahman
  • They believe that everything in the world is a part of Brahman
  • Hindu teachings say that a person’s soul holds that person’s personality
  • They believe that their souls will eventually join Brahman cause they will live in an illusion
  • Reincarnation- the process of rebirth

Brahma Siva Vishnu

hinduism1
Hinduism
  • Hindu believes if a person dies he/she is reborn in a new physical form
  • Hindu believes in karma, evil/good actions during ones life will build bad/good karma and will be born into a lower/higher life form
  • Hinduism tought that each person had a duty to accept his or her place in the world without complaint
  • Hindu women were not allowed to read the Vedas or other sacred texts