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Oil and Natural Gas. Oil and Natural Gas. Oil Formed from small, dead ocean organisms that sink to the bottom and get covered by layers of rock and dirt Natural Gas Methane Cleanest of fossil fuels. HOW ARE OIL AND GAS MADE ???. Uses for Oil and Natural Gas.

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oil and natural gas1
Oil and Natural Gas
  • Oil
    • Formed from small, dead ocean organisms that sink to the bottom and get covered by layers of rock and dirt
  • Natural Gas
    • Methane
    • Cleanest of fossil fuels
uses for oil and natural gas
Uses for Oil and Natural Gas
  • Transportation (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel)
  • Asphalt
  • Heating
  • Cooking
  • Plastics
  • Lubricants
oil spills
Oil Spills
  • Accidental release of liquid petroleum (oil) into the environment
  • Examples:
    • Oil ship wrecks
    • Leak in oil pipeline
methods for cleaning an oil spill
Methods for Cleaning an Oil Spill
  • Bioremediation: using microorganisms or biological agents to break down or remove oil
  • Dredging: some oils sink, cleaning below the surface of the water
  • Skimming: cleaning oil off of surface
  • Dispersion: materials, such as some detergents can disperse oil into small clusters that may be easier to remove than larger areas
  • Burning: Can eliminate large amount of oil in the water, but causes air pollutions
materials
Materials
  • Rubber bands
  • Paper towel
  • String
  • Cotton ball
  • Plastic wrap
  • Popsicle sticks
  • Toothpick
  • Balloons
  • Suction tube
  • Spoon
  • Soap
  • Sand
  • Windex
  • Kitty litter