Zoos Of Berlin By Joseph Fry, Amy Ellice, Emily Ratty & Heather Mccrorie
The Parks Berlin Zoological Garden (West Berlin) & Tierpark Berlin (East Berlin) • Zoological Garden regarded as ‘one of the largest [zoos] in the world’ (berlin-life.com) yet ironically criticized for being too cramped at only (30 Hectares). • Tierpark has less animals, but spans over a greater expanse (160 hectares) • Popularity: Knut the polar bear and Bao Bao the panda.
The Parks 2.0 • Zoological Garden breeding successes.
Zoos: Natural or cultural? The big debate!
Organisation • Partial Zoogeographic layout: some continental areas – south American/African, etc. • Types – Deer/antelope/zebra, etc. • Carnivore House • Penguin House • Aviaries • Glass Dome Hippo House • Siamese Cattle House – ‘Biggest Thai Building in Europe’. • Antelope House • Ape House • Aquarium Zoological Garden Tierpark
Tours Tour II: Panda, Gorilla & Co. Tour III: Species Tour Protected Species. Tour IV: Knut and climate change Knut and his parents Lars and Tosca, Arctic Wolves, Seals and Reindeer. Tour V: The Asian Tour Asian Elephants, Indian Tigers and Rhinos Unknown species with unusual names such as Gaur, Anoa, Hulman or Barasingha. Tour VI: Africa Tour Giraffes, Zebras, Antelopes, Ostriches, Lions Tour VII: To South America Monkeys, Marmosets, Birds, Llamas Tour VIII: Animals of the Bible Monkeys, Panthers, Hippos, Goats, Sheep and Camels. Animals of XXL Elephants, Hippos, Giraffes, Rhino and Camels, Apes and Predators. Wild pigs and family Animals of the night. Animals of conservation. Animals of expansion ‘In the back of the zoo is the expansion area, arranged in which the animals according to animal groups, but continents are accommodated.’
Control & Power • Heyd • Control of animals: • Feeding (Zoo’s comment) – Respect • Power over life and death • Containment - Fences/Cages, etc • Control of people: • Paths – Numbered • Signs • Rules • No Dogs! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQ61qi-Sptg&feature=fvw BLURRED BOUNDARIES!
Knut the Polar Bear • The face of Berlin Zoological Garden • Consumerisation of animals • He has been seen in many forms of popular culture. These include story books, news reports, clothing, magazines, and more. Bao Bao the Panda is also another big attraction, as one of the oldest Panda’s in a zoo to date.
Realism • How ‘real’ are the habitats? • Made to mimic the original habitats of the animals in the wild: - Plants - Water - *Temperatures • Batty => Gardens => Zoos • Berger => ‘Framed’ animals. P7 “capacity for symbolic thought” – difference between humans and animals. • Zoos symbolise human perceptions of nature. • Berlin Zoo doesn’t always provide ‘realistic’ environments... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65EiIzDnHFM
Celebrities Gone Wild Knut Polar bear club!
Questions • Are you pro/anti zoo’s? • Should animals be kept in zoos? Should they instead run ‘free’? • Are the animals better off in the wild? What about human medical care? (When people want nature to be left entirely natural should humans intervene when nature is in danger?) • Who benefits from controlling animals? Man or Beast? Both? • Is the popularity of Knut somewhat distasteful? • Should humans be allowed to come between animal and nature? It was even said that Knut had become addicted to humans and their company. Does this then resonate with animals in zoos being classed as pets? • Do we Personify animals? Do you think they feel sad about their predicaments?
Biblio • Berger, J. ( 2009) “Why look at animals?”, in About Looking, London: Bloomsbury. • Cudworth, E. (2003) Environment and Society, London: Routledge. • Evernden, N. (1992) The Social Creation of Nature, London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. • Fudge, E. (2008) Pets: the Art of Living. Authoritative and interdisciplinary, this book blows away the idea that the pet-human relationship is simple and straightforward, uncovering the complex and contradictory relations involved. • Heyd, T. (2007) Encountering Nature: Toward an Environmental Culture, Hampshire: AshgatePubishing Ltd. • Kalof, L and Fitzgerald, A. (2007) The Animals Reader, Oxford:Berg. • Macnaghten, P. and Urry, J. (1998) Contested Natures, London: Sage • Malamud, R. (1998) Reading Zoo’s: Representations of animals and captivity, New York: New York University Press. • Meo, N. (2009) Woman survives polar bear mauling at Berlin Zoo, The Telegraph Online, 11th April 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/germany/5142098/Woman-survives-polar-bear-mauling-at-Berlin-Zoo.html [access date: 6th March 2011] • Mullan & Marvin. (1999) Zoo Culture, Great Britain: George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. • Serpell, J. (1986) In the company of animals: a study of Human – Animal Relationships, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. • Soper, K. (1995) What is nature?, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. • We do not directly quote these websites but have used them for background knowledge. • http://www.berlin-life.com/berlin/zoo • http://www.zoo-infos.de/set-en.html?/zoos-en/41.html • http://www.zoo-berlin.de/ • http://abcnews.go.com/Travel/zoos-world-giant-pandas/story?id=9249217&page=1 • http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Polar-Bear-Attack-At-Berlin-Zoo-Where-Famous-Abandoned-Bear-Knut-Is-Being-Raised/Article/200904215260029 • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/germany/5142098/Woman-survives-polar-bear-mauling-at-Berlin-Zoo.html