Zoos Of Berlin By Joseph Fry, Amy Ellice, Emily Ratty & Heather Mccrorie
The Parks - Joe Berlin Zoological Garden (East Berlin) & Tierpark Berlin (West Berlin) • Zoological Garden regarded as ‘one of the largest [zoos] in the world’ (berlin-life.com) yet ironically criticized for being too cramped at only 74 Acres (30 Hectares). • Tierpark has less animals, but spans over a greater expanse (140 hectares/395 acres) • Popularity: Knut the polar bear and BaoBao the panda.
The Parks 2.0 • Zoological Garden breeding successes.
Organisation - Amy • Zoogeographic layout: some continental areas – south american/african, etc. Types – Deer/antelope/zebra, etc. • Carnivore House • Penguin House • Avaries • Glass Dome Hippo House • Siamese Cattle House – ‘Biggest Thai Building in Europe’. • Antelope House • Ape House • Aquarium Zoological Garden Tierpark
Zoos: Natural or cultural? The big debate! • * Add Info • ‘Urban Phenomenon’? (Mullan & Marvin, 1999, p68)
Human Interaction - Heather • Feeding by visitors – ‘empowerment’ • “humans demand to be noticed by the animals” (Mullan & Marvin, 1999) • How involved can the visitors be? • Petting zoos • People are discouraged from banging on cages => Control ...
Berlin Zoo Shows – Heather/Emily • Displays for visitor’s pleasure. • Baby Animals Highlighted • Special Events – lectures/exhibitions/etc. • Regimented feeding times.
Pets, Zoo animals and Hierarchy – Heather/Emily • Pets as ‘creatures of their owner’s way of life. • Zoo animals much like pets. • Captive zoo animals seen as against animal rights (number 3). • “use for economic or playful and aesthetic ends” – like Knut.
Control & Power - Emily • Heyd • Control of animals: • Feeding (Zoo’s comment) – Respect • Power over life and death • Containment - Fences/Cages, etc • Control of people: • Paths – Numbered • Signs • Rules • No Dogs! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQ61qi-Sptg&feature=fvw BLURRED BOUNDARIES!
Online forums • ‘Once she's patched up and out of hospital I hope the authorities hand her a big fine for wasting hospitals time and, more importantly, for being an idiot.’
Knut the Polar Bear • The face of Berlin Zoological Garden • Consumerisation of animals - Amy • He has been seen in many forms of popular culture. These include story books, news reports, clothing, magazines, and more. Bao Bao the Panda is also another big attraction, as one of the oldest Panda’s in a zoo to date.
Realism - Joe • How ‘real’ are the habitats? > ‘Artificial contexts’ • Made to mimic the original habitats of the animals in the wild: - Plants - Water - Temperatures • Batty => “The Meanings surrounding gardens are derived from social and cultural exchanges” and “Gardens often make resonant statements about ourselves and nature” • Berger => ‘Framed’ animals. P7 “capacity for symbolic thought” – difference between humans and animals. • Zoos symbolise human perceptions of nature.
Questions • Are you pro/anti zoo’s? • Should animals be kept in zoos? Should they instead run ‘free’? • Are the animals better off in the wild? What about human medical care? (When people want nature to be left entirely natural should humans intervene when nature is in danger?) • Who benefits from controlling animals? Man or Beast? Both? • Is the popularity of Knut somewhat distasteful? • Should humans be allowed to come between animal and nature? It was even said that Knut had become addicted to humans and their company. Does this then resonate with animals in zoos being classed as pets? • Do we Personify animals? Do you think they feel sad about their predicaments?
Biblio • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/germany/5142098/Woman-survives-polar-bear-mauling-at-Berlin-Zoo.html • Info: http://www.zoo-infos.de/set-en.html?/zoos-en/41.html & http://www.berlin-life.com/berlin/zoo • Soper, K. (1995) What is nature?, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. • Heyd, T. (2007) Encountering Nature: Toward an Environmental Culture, Hampshire: Ashgate Pubishing Ltd. • Cudworth, E. (2003) Environment and Society, London: Routledge. • Berger, J. ( 2009) “Why look at animals?”, in About Looking, London: Bloomsbury. • Evernden, N. (1992) The Social Creation of Nature, London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. • Kalof, L and Fitzgerald, A. (2007) The Animals Reader, Oxford:Berg. • Malamud, R. (1998) Reading Zoo’s: Representations of animals and captivity, New York: New York University Press. • Serpell, J. (1986) In the company of animals: a study of Human – Animal Relationships, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. • Mullan & Marvin. (1999) Zoo Culture, Great Britain: George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. • http://www.berlin-life.com/berlin/zoo - Info • http://www.zoo-infos.de/set-en.html?/zoos-en/41.html - Info • http://www.zoo-berlin.de/ - Info • http://abcnews.go.com/Travel/zoos-world-giant-pandas/story?id=9249217&page=1 – Bao Bao • Tuan - http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8s-qq1CYjugC&pg=PA26&dq=tuan+1984&hl=en&ei=JU91Tam0Ho2JhQf5qrw2&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=tuan%201984&f=false