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Chapter 3
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  1. Chapter 3 DECONTAMINATION AND INFECTION CONTROL

  2. I. Intro- definition A. Sterilization-process of making objects germ free B. Sanitation- measures taken to prevent the spread of infection C. Sanitation & sterilization is governed by: 1. TDLR 2. Health Department

  3. II. Methods of Decontamination A. Chemical 1. Vapors (fumigant) B. Physical 1. Moist heat--Boiling and steaming 2. Ultraviolet rays

  4. III. Antiseptics and disinfectants A. Antiseptic 1. May kill or retard the growth of bacteria 2. Mild solution that is safe on skin a. Boric acid- 2 to 5% to clean eyes b. Iodine- 2% used for cuts & abra

  5. Antiseptics con’t c. Hydrogen peroxide- 3-5% for cleaning cuts d. Ethyl or grain alcohol- 60% solution- clean hands e. Formalin- 5% solution-clean tools f. Soap & water- used on hands and equip- ment before applying any of the above

  6. B. Disinfectant 1. Will destroy or kill bacteria 2. Strong solution can be harmful to skin a. Ethyl or grain alcohol-70 to 95% to sterilize implements such as manicuring tools

  7. Disinfectants con’t b. Quaternary ammonium compounds- Quats 1/1000 strength c. Formalin- 25% for implements, 10% for combs and brushes d. Household disinfectants--Lysol, Pinesol, Clorox

  8. C. Qualities of a good disinfectant • Easy to prepare • Quick acting • Odorless • Noncorrosive • Inexpensive • Nonirritating to skin

  9. IV. Wet and dry sanitizers • Wet- any receptacle with a disinfectant solution, such as Bio-tech, or Barbicide • Dry- used for sanitary storage--air tight container

  10. SANITATION STERILIZATION ANTISEPTIC DISINFECTANT FORMALIN WET SANITIZER DRY SANITIZER ULTRAVIOLET RAY PUBLIC SANITATION KEY WORDS