Li8 Structure of English. Evidence for morphological structure. Morphology.
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Evidence for morphological structure
“Maybe in order to understand mankind, we have to look at the word itself. Mankind. Basically, it’s made up of two separate words - ‘mank’ and ‘ind.’ What do these words mean? It’s a mystery, and that’s why so is mankind.”
Jack Handey, Deep Thoughts
It's true, I'm a Rageaholic...I just can't live without Rageahol!
CHICAGO, Illinois (AP, 11-2003) -- McDonald's says it deserves a break from the unflattering way the latest Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary depicts its job opportunities. Among some 10,000 new additions to an updated version released in June was the term "McJob," defined as "low paying and dead-end work." In an open letter to Merriam-Webster, McDonald's CEO Jim Cantalupo said the term is "an inaccurate description of restaurant employment" and "a slap in the face to the 12 million men and women" who work in the restaurant industry.The company e-mailed the letter to media organizations Friday, and it also was published in the Nov. 3 edition of an industry trade publication. Cantalupo also wrote that "more than 1,000 of the men and women who own and operate McDonald's restaurants today got their start by serving customers behind the counter.“ McDonald's, the world's largest restaurant chain, has more than 30,000 restaurants and more than 400,000 employees. Walt Riker, a spokesman for McDonald's, said the Oak Brook, Illinois-based fast-food giant also is concerned that "McJob" closely resembles McJOBS, the company's training program for mentally and physically challenged people.
"McJOBS is trademarked and we've notified them that legally that's an issue for us as well," Riker said.
McJob (mkdZAb) n.
A low-paying job that requires little skill and provides little opportunity for advancement.
Source: Merriam-Webster Online
Overall Rate of Irregular forms supplied
Individual Differences in Irregularization: bars show percentages of subjects making 0-20% irregulars, 20-40% irregulars etc.
naming from definition
Slender-bodied insect with broad, often brightly-colored wings.
monomorphemes: 80% correct
polymorphemes: 50% correct!
Andrews, S. 1986. Morphological influences on lexical access: Lexical or nonlexical effects? Journal of Memory and Language, 25, 726-740.
Andrews, S., B. Miller, & K. Rayner. 2004. Eye movements and morphological segmentation of compound words: There is a mouse in mousetrap. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 16:285-311.
Badecker, William. 2001. Lexical composition and the production of compounds: evidence from errors in naming. Language and Cognitive Processes 16.4.
Buchanan, Lori, Shannon McEwen, Chris Westbury, and Gary Libben. 2003. Semantics and semantic errors: Implicit access to semantic information from words and nonwords in deep dyslexia. Brain and Language 84:65–83.
Caramazza, Alfonso, Alessandro Laudanna, and Cristina Romani. 1988. Lexical access and inflectional morphology. Cognition 28.
Fiorentino, Robert. 2006. Masked priming of compound constituents: Implications for morphological decomposition. Manuscript, University of Maryland.
Janssen, Dirk and Karin Humphreys. 2002. Morphological speech errors on agentive and comparative affixes. Third International Conference on the Mental Lexicon, Banff, Canada.
McKinnon, R., M. Allen, & L. Osterhout. 2003. Morphological decomposition involving non-productive morphemes: ERP Evidence. Neuroreport 14:883-886.
Marslen-Wilson et al. 1994. Psychol Rev 101:3-33.
Rastle, Kathleen, Matthew Davis, and Boris New. 2004. The Broth in my Brother’s Brothel: Morpho-Orthographic Segmentation in Visual Word Recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 11.6:1090-1098.
Rastle, Kathleen, et al. 2005. New evidence for morphological errors in deep dyslexia. Brain and Language 97:189-199.
Shapiro, K., & Alfonso Caramazza. 2003. Looming a loom: Evidence for independent access to grammatical and phonological properties in verb retrieval. Journal of Neurolinguistics 16:85-111.