Color There are many ways to describe color.
Color can be described by the group or category to which it belongs. •Primary •Secondary •Intermediate •neutral
Color can be described by its Properties.
The properties of color are:
Hue Intensity Value Temperature Color properties
Color can be describedby itshue • This HUE is red.
definition Hue: • The actual color, or the identity of a color, such as red.
Color can be described by its Intensity This red is brighter, louder, more intense than this red which is duller, muted, less intense.
definition Intensity: • is the brightness or dullness (grayness) of a color • is a color’s strength, saturation, purity. The "noise" it makes. • A Pure Hue has the highest saturation and intensity of a color.
Color can be described by itsValue: • This is a lighter value of red • This is a darker value of red
definition Value: • The lightness or darkness of a color • Different values of a color range from very light to very dark (tints and shades).
definition Value - Tints Adding white will lighten a hue or raise its value. This is called a tint. Red hue + white = Tint (pink)
definition Value - Shades • Adding black will darken a hue or lower its value. This is called a shade. Red hue + black = shade (maroon)
Color can be described by itsTemperature: • Colors give different feelings of warmth and coolness. • The color wheel can be divided into two sides - the warm colors and the cool colors.
definition Temperature: •Warm colors look and feel warm. • Yellows, oranges, reds • Cool colors look and feel cool. • Blues, greens, violets
Temperature: The warm colors remind us of fire, and sunshine. As a group, they convey energy and action, and are perceived as being closer to the viewer.
Temperature: The cool colors remind us of cool water and green grass As a group, they convey peace and tranquility, and are perceived as being farther from the viewer.
definition Color Harmonycan be defined as a pleasing combination of colors. Combined Colors can be described asHarmonious
Color Harmony based on • Monochromatic Color Scheme • Analogous Color Scheme • Complementary Color Scheme
definition Harmony • Monochromatic Color Scheme Mono = one, single . . .as in monorail Chroma = color thus monochromatic = One color. • This scheme may be achieved using tints and shades of one hue.
Harmony definition AnalogousColor schemes • Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. Colors with a family resemblance.
Harmony definition ComplementaryColor schemes • Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel;ex. red and green, violet and yellow, yellow-green and red-violet etc.
Harmony ComplementaryColor schemes When mixed together in near equal amounts, complements make a neutral color.
Harmony ComplementaryColor schemes If a little of a hue’s complement is mixed in with it, the result will be a dulling or neutralizing of that hues intensity.
Harmony definition Split Complement Color schemes Three colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel, but to either side of the exact opposite (complement); Example: red, blue-green, & yellow-green green
Harmony definition Triadic Color schemes • Colors that are equally spaced. • The most famous of these is the primary triad . . . red, yellow, and blue. • Triadic harmonies are most effective if only one color is allowed to dominate.