Colors depend on light • Light is the most vital of all • design elements, without it • there is no sight. • Colored objects contain substances called pigments that reflect or absorb light, thus affecting the color of the object.
The color white is all colors of the rainbow combined equally. When white light is sent through a prism, it can be broken down into colors represented by different wavelengths: long = infrared short = ultraviolet
The color of an object we see is a result of two factors: The way the object absorbs and reflects light The kind of light that makes the object visible.
The color wheel has 12 “hues”. Yellow Red Blue Primary – cannot be created by mixing other colors.
Secondary – Midway between three primary hues. Made by mixing two primary colors together. Green Orange Purple
Tertiary – Midway between a primary and secondary hue. Yellow-Green Yellow-Orange Blue-Green Red-Orange Blue-Violet Red-Violet
An infinite number of colors can be created by combining these colors in varying amounts. Texture, Light and Background can further alter a color’s appearance.
Color Terms Hue = the name of a color Value = the lightness or darkness of a color Intensity = degree of purity/strength Brightness/Dullness Tone = color duller than its normal value created by adding grey Tint = values lighter than normal (add white) Shade = values darker than normal (add black) Discord = values changed – mixed in uncomplimentary way (ugly)
After – Image Focus on the color box below…
Warmvs. Cool • Red, Orange, Yellow • Warm colors advance • Stimulating • Attract attention • Increase size • Soften outlines • Green, Blue, Violet • Cool colors recede • Quieting • Clarify outlines Color can change the apparent size of an Object, as well as its importance in the room.
Because red is advancing, if it is used on a chair, it can make the chair seem larger.
Additionally, because red id advancing, when it is used on a wall or ceiling, it can make the room look smaller.
A color’s appearance can change according to its surroundings.
“Law of Chromatic Distribution” Use smaller amounts of pure color to balance larger areas of grayed color.
Paint is the single, cheapest way to make the largest impact in a room.