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Emotional Development

Emotional Development

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Emotional Development

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  1. Emotional Development • Emotions: complex set of behaviors produced in response to some external or internal event. • Self-regulation: ability to calm oneself when distressed or excited

  2. Early Emotional Expressions • Smiling • Endogenous • Exogenous

  3. Crying • Basic • Anger • Pain • Colic http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1290105013215957966&q=infant+crying&total=11884&start=0&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=5

  4. Other Emotional Expressions • Anger • Fear • Separation Anxiety: • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1175151981122766441&q=social+referencing&total=175&start=0&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=0 • Stranger Anxiety: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=11751519 • 81122766441&q=social+referencing&total=175&start=0&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=0

  5. Perceiving Emotion • Imitating Emotions http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1851846288521201892&q=newborn+imitation&total=5&start=0&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=1

  6. Temperament • Tendencies to respond in predictable ways to events. • Buss & Plomin, 1984 • Emotionality, activity, sociability • Kagan, 1989 • Behavioral Inhibition: tendency to be extremely shy and restrained in response to unfamiliar people and situations.

  7. Thomas & Chess • 9 Dimensions of Infant Behavior • Typical Mood • Regularity of Biological Functions • Tendency to approach or withdraw • Intensity of emotional reactions • Adaptability • Activity level • Distractibility • Attention span • Threshold of responsiveness

  8. Three Categories of Infant Temperament • Easy (40%) • Difficult (20%) • Slow-to-warm-up (15%) • Goodness of fit: extent to which child’s temperament is compatible with demands and expectations of social world to which child must adapt.

  9. Other Aspects of Emotional Development • Social Referencing: looking to another individual for emotional cues in interpreting a strange/ambiguous event. • Video: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1175151981122766441&q=social+referencing&total=175&start=0&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=0 • Complex emotions