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INDIVIDUALISM vs COLLECTIVISM Describe cases of Japanese business practices and/or characteristics regarding collectivism in comparison with business in individualism society. GROUP B: Sze Yui Ng , Ziyun Jenny Wu, Lee Chee How. INDIVIDUALISM vs COLLECTIVISM AS SEEN BY HOFSTEDE.

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INDIVIDUALISM vs COLLECTIVISM

Describe cases of Japanese business practices and/or

characteristics regarding collectivism in comparison with business in individualism society.

GROUP B: SzeYuiNg, Ziyun Jenny Wu, Lee Chee How

individualism vs collectivism as seen by hofstede
INDIVIDUALISM vs COLLECTIVISM AS SEEN BY HOFSTEDE
  • One of the 5 Dimensions of National Cultures introduced by Geert Hofstede
  • Individualist society: Individualstake care of themselves and theirimmediate relatives only.
  • Collectivist society: Individualshold expectation that the larger group willprotect and take care of them.
  • HerewecontrastJapan ( averagecollectivist society according to Hofstede) with more individualist countries suchas the United States and France.
programme
PROGRAMME

I/ 2 CONCEPTIONS OF THE DIVISION OF LABOUR

II/ THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS

III/ THE PROMOTION SYSTEM IN JAPAN vs COLLECTIVIST SOCIETIES

i structural differences keiretsu the shared responsibility
I/STRUCTURAL DIFFERENCESKeiretsu

The sharedresponsibility

company organisation in japan
COMPANY ORGANISATION IN JAPAN
  • Horizontal – KEIRETSU MODEL

Example: the Mitsubishi Group

company organisation in japan1
COMPANY ORGANISATION IN JAPAN
  • Vertical

Example: Nissan Motor

Akebono Brake Industries (16%)

Nissan Prince Tokyo Auto Sales (73%)

Nissan Diesel Motor (40%)

recruitment process and hr policies
RECRUITMENT PROCESS AND HR POLICIES
  • Although all recruiters look at the same basic informations…

-Age

-Educational background, languageskills

-Proof of leadership, hobbies

  • … The recruitmentprocess diverges in Japanfrommostcollectivistsocieties For cultural reasons
hr implications for companies
HR IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

Very vague contract

  • The graduatefromapplies for a large companywith a good reputation as employer ( Mitsubishi, Toyota…)

Lack of experience not a handicap

  • He willspendhis first yearsworking in ‘Ka’ (workgroups)

Littledifferentiationamong juniors

  • After 10/15 years promotions lessautomatic= more individual.

Meanwhile, the company has taken care of every aspect of hisemployee’s life = loyalty and commitment

hr implications for companies1
HR IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

Verydetailedcontract

  • The graduatefromapplies if hemeets the prerequisites
  • Previousexperienceisappreciated
  • Recruiters focus on PERSONALITY and personal storiesAcceptableoriginalityisencouraged
  • The contractsignedisverydetailed
  • Afterjoining, heworkscloselywithhisimmediate groupBut promotions are linked to hisownability to network and producehigh performance.
time to mock the french a little bit
TIME TO MOCK THE FRENCH A LITTLE BIT…

POSITION/ TITLE

FINEST DESCRIPTION

OF ALL THE TASKS

POSITION IN THE HIERARCHY

‘PROFILE’

-educationalbg + experiences

-technicalskills

-moralqualities

iii pay promotion systems japan vs collectivist societies
III/ PAY & PROMOTION SYSTEMS

Japan vs Collectivistsocieties

japan bank of tokyo mitsubishi
JAPAN: Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
  • A graduate works as an employee (Shain社員), when he/she just enters the bank.
  • He/she will be promoted to Project Head (Shunin主任),Section Head (Kacho課長), Division Manager (Bucho 部長) or even Director along with the increase of length of service in the firm
  • He/she may even shifts to oversea branches
  • Most of the works will be done in groups
  • Vertical relationship between senior and junior workers is important and close
united states apple
UNITED STATES: Apple
  • A new employee can enter the firm by working as a salesperson in retail store or as a application software engineer
  • Promotion of the job will depend on working performance
  • Development of new products will be done in groups, but individual assignments are also given.
  • Individual strength is stressed
  • Vertical and horizontal relationship is not close
  • Workers will try their best to separate the work and their own private life