Slovakia • Geography • Climate • The biggerst cities • Population • Religion next
Slovakia Geography Situation: >> inland country in Central Europe >> between: 17. and 22. meridian 49. and 48. parallel >> considering seas: Adriatic Sea >> 350 km Baltic Sea >> 520 km Black Sea >> 678 km North Sea >> 791 km Borders: Poland >> 547 km Czech Republic >> 252 km Austria >> 106 km Hungary >> 669 km Ukraine >> 98 km Total area: 49 036 sq km next
Slovakia Geography The Slovak landscape is noted primarily for its mountainous nature, with the Carpathian Mountains extending across most of the northern half of the country. Amongst them are the high peaks of the Tatra mountains, where the High Tatras are a popular skiing destination and home to many scenic lakes and valleys as well as the highest point in Slovakia, the Gerlachovský štít at 2,655 metres (8,711 ft). Major Slovak rivers, besides the Danube, are the Váh and the Hron. The Slovak climate is temperate, with relatively warm summers and cold, cloudy and humid winters. next
Slovakia Climate • Continental with hot summers and cold winters. • The coldest month is January (0°C), the warmest July and August (26°C). In high altitude the snow lasts for 130 days per year. next
Slovakia The biggerst cities Capital city: Bratislava The biggest cities: 1. Bratislava 2. Košice 3. Prešov 4. Nitra 5. Žilina 6.Bánska Bystrica Bratislava 452 053 Košice 236 093 Prešov 92 786 Nitra 87 588 Banská Bystrica 83 056 Žilina 86 593 next
Slovakia Population Population: 5, 5 million inhabitants (51,4% - women) • Slovaks 85.5% Minorities: • Hungarians 11% • Gypsies and Poles, Germans, Russians, and Ukrainians and Germans 4,5 % • Official language – Slovak • Currancy - Slovak crown • Unemployment: 9% next
Slovakia Religion The Slovak constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The majority of Slovak citizens (68.9 %) identify themselves with the Roman Catholicism, the second-largest group are people without confession (13%). About 6.93% belong to Lutheranism, 4.1% are Greek Catholic, Calvinism has 2.0%, other and non-registered churches 1.1% and some 0.9% are Eastern Orthodox. It is estimated that there are about 5,000 Muslims in Slovakia. About 2,300 Jews remain of the large estimated pre-WWII population of 90,000. next
Prešov • Names • Characteristics • History • Cultural-historical monuments • Centre of culture and sport • Places of recreation and tourism next
Prešov Prešov is a city in eastern Slovakia. It is the seat of theadministrative PrešovRegion (Slovak: Prešovský kraj). Witha population of approximately 100,000, itis the third-largestcity in the country. Names Historically, the city has been known as Preschau in German, Eperies in Hungarian, Fragopolis in Latin, Preszów in Polish, Peryeshis in Romany,… Characteristics Significant industries in the town include mechanical and electrical engineeringcompanies and clothing industry. Solivary, the only saltmining and processingcompany in Slovakia, also operates in the town. next
Prešov History In the late 8th century the territory of Prešov was settled by Slavonic population. Hungarian inhabitants appeared in Prešov in later half of the 11th century. And later on in the 13th century German colonists settled here. The first written record of Prešov dates back to 1247. Prešov was known as Epuriea. In 1299 Hungarian king Andrew III granted Presov its town status. Lying on an important trade route between Poland to the North and the Balkans to the South, merchants brought prosperity which in turn led to the building of fine houses and city fortifications, parts of which are still seen. In 1667 an important centre of education, an Evangelical College, was established. Its teachers were influenced by Jan Amos Comenius, who visited Presov in spring 1650. In 1687 Antonio Caraffa passed a sentence of death on 24 prominent citizens. The execution in front of the College building became known as the “bloody slaughter-house of Prešov”. On May 6, 1887, there was the most ruinousfire. The major part of the town was burnt down. next
Prešov Cultural-historical monuments 1. Parish church of Saint Nicolas- Built in Gothic style. It was the first stone building in Prešov. There are valuable gothic plastics and the baroque altar in the interior made Master Paul of Levoča. 2. Neptune fountain- was sculpted in 1840 by Markus Hollander, the first Jew allowed to live within the town walls. 3. Town Hall - the cellar under the town hall was turned into a museum of wines in 1994. The town hall includes so-called Caraffa´s prison, built in 1504. next
Prešov 4. Calvary- is a late baroque complex on the hills in the western outskirts of the town. (predmestie) 5. Orthodox synanogue- it was built within 18 months in 1897-1898. 6. The Black Eagle- originally town public house 7. Rakoczi´s houses- were reconstructed at the end of the 16th century into late-renaissance style. 8. Klobušický palace- is a masterpiece of Italian masters next
Prešov Centre of culture and sport Theatre of Jonáš Záborský Regional museum Šariš gallery Regional library Panorama cinema Open air swimming pool complex Football stadium FC Tatran Handball hall Municipal multipurpose hall next
Prešov Places of recreation and tourism Castle of Veľký Šariš Castle of Kapušany Drienica – Lysá Mineral spring Cemjata Sigord Búče Lipovec - valley next
History of our gymnasium • Founded in 1961 as a general secondary school in Svojdomov street (later renamed to Tarasa Ševčenka). • In 1971 the general school bacame gymnasium (grammar school). • Since 1994 the gymnasium bears the name of Ján Adam Rayman. • In 1997 the gymnasium moved to its current location at 20 Mudroňova street. • From 1998 to 2005 five eight-year study programme classes were opened, the first one finishing this year. • In 2001 a computer studies class was estabilished (in addition to 2 language classes).
J.A.Rayman(23.4.1690-23.4.1770) • A well known Prešov pharmacist, doctor and scientist, he was the first European doctor to use vaccination against variola. • After he finished his studies in Jena and Leyden, he returned to his hometown, where he was appointed public health officer and took over the family pharmacy. • He published 63 medical articles mostly about contagious diseases such as rabies, smallpox, scarlet fever etc.
GJAR today • At present time 45 teachers, lead by RnDr. Miroslav Krajňák PhD., teach over 600 students in 20 classes. • The alternative curriculum is the official curriculum since 1994, meaning that fourth-grade students may choose subjects according to their future studies (in addition to 4 compulsory subjects). • The school participates in many projects e.g. : Healthy school, Raymanus, Infovek (internet project), Comenius, etc. • The students participate in many competitions and are successful at national and international levels.
GJAR traditions • Ribbon ceremony:fourth-grade students are pinned with green ribbons as a symbol of hope (one of the oldest traditions). • Immatriculation: welcoming of first-grades in the ranks of GJAR students.(3o.1o.2oo7) • Beneficial concert: teachers and students appear on stage with their acts (takes place in the theatre). • Rayman week: is organized to honour Jan Adam Rayman. • Farewell party: for the students of the fourth-grade a week before school-leaving exams.