becoming a world power n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Becoming a World Power PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Becoming a World Power

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 42

Becoming a World Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Becoming a World Power. Chapter 23 Section 1. US Expansion. After expanding west the Pacific Coast, many American leaders believed we should join Europe in settling colonies abroad.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Becoming a World Power' - overton

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
becoming a world power

Becoming a World Power

Chapter 23

Section 1

us expansion
US Expansion

After expanding west the Pacific Coast, many American leaders believed we should join Europe in settling colonies abroad.

Imperialism: policy by which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories

european expansion
European Expansion

Europe had been settling colonies for centuries, including Africa in the in the 19th century.

Liberia and Ethiopia remained independent

imperialism in asia
Imperialism in Asia

European countries competed with Japan in the Pacific.

american approval of imperialism
American Approval of Imperialism

Three main reasons drove approval for imperialism:

Economic Interest: Cheap raw materials, new markets for agriculture products.

Military Interests: Urged by foreign policy experts to go hand-in-hand with economic interests.

Cultural Superiority: Many Americans believed their culture, government, religion, and even race was superior.

william seward
William Seward

Strong backer of expansion under Lincoln and Johnson.

In 1867, arranges purchase of Alaska from Russia


Alaska was purchased for $7.2 million.

Although the deal is largely criticized, the territory is resource-rich and a great deal.

arrival of christian missionaries early 1800s
Arrival of Christian Missionaries (Early-1800s)

Christian missionaries from US moved to Kingdom of Hawaii to convert local population.

Some of these missionaries started sugar plantations, giving birth to generations of wealthy plantation owners who dominated the economy.

queen liliuokalani
Queen Liliuokalani

Became leader of Hawaii in 1891

Believed planter class had too much influence

Inspires a revolt against planters, but ends up giving up thrown in 1895

planter retaliation
Planter Retaliation

US trade laws changed to favor sugar grown in American States.

American planters in Hawaii retaliated with US Marines in 1893, overthrowing the Queen and setting up their own government.

The new government requested to be annexed.

annexation issue
Annexation Issue

Pearl Harbor was an important refueling station for American military and merchant ships.

Benjamin Harrison receives annexation request in 1893

Before the Senate could act, Grover Cleveland becomes president and withdraws the treaty.

rebellion against spain
Rebellion Against Spain

By the end of the 19th century, Spain is beginning to crumble

Spain had controlled most of Americas, including land that became part of US

In the 1890s, Spain still owned Philippine Islands, Cuba, and Puerto Rico

jose marti
Jose Marti

Ongoing depression in 1895 increased Cuba’s anger over Spanish rule.

Jose Marti helps organize rebellion from New York and returns to Cuba

He is killed shortly after by Spanish troops

general valeriano the butcher weyler
General Valeriano “the Butcher” Weyler

Sent by Spain to crush rebellion

Forced many Cubans into Spanish guarded camps

Thousands died of starvation and disease in the camps

united states reaction
United States Reaction

American business leaders and citizens became concerned over the fighting and brutality

Two newspapers in particular stirred emotions:

- the World – owned by Joseph Pulitzer

- the New York Journal – owned by William Randolph Hearst

The papers were able to attract widespread attention by exaggerating Spanish brutality.

united states heads to war
United States Heads to War

President McKinley, being a veteran of the Civil War (1860’s) did not want to go to war.

However, public opinion forced McKinley to take action, demanding Spain stop its harsh treatment of Cubans

Spain eventually brought General Weyler home, but harsh treatment continued

u s s maine
U.S.S. Maine

January 1898, McKinley sends the Maine to Cuba

Riots broke out in Havana, Cuba so McKinley sends Maine to protect US citizens.

The following month (February 1898), the Maine exploded in Havana’s harbor

260 sailors are killed

Cause is unknown, but most historians believe it was an accident

spanish american war begins
Spanish-American War Begins

McKinley signed congressional resolution (April 20, 1898).

Resolution called for Cuban independence and withdrawal of Spanish troops

Spain is given 3 days to comply

war in the philippines
War in the Philippines

First major battle takes place in a Spanish colony in the Philippine islands

Many Filipinos had also revolted against Spanish rule in the 1890s.

The revolt attracted the attention of Theodore Roosevelt (at this time, he is assistant secretary of navy).

He puts Commodore George Dewey on alert in Hong Kong

war in the philippines begins
War in the Philippines Begins

Spanish-American War begins and Dewey sets out for Manila (capital of Philippines).

Battle of Manila begins morning of May 1, 1898

By noon, Dewey’s forces had destroyed Spanish fleet and killed or wounded 380 Spanish sailors

No Americans were killed.

With help from Filipino rebels, US troops take control of Manila in August

the caribbean war
The Caribbean War

Within four months, American forces go from 28,000 to 280,000 (including Theodore Roosevelt)

Roosevelt organizes First United States Volunteer Cavalry nicknamed Rough Riders.

rough riders
Rough Riders

Gather with 16,000 other soldiers in Tampa, Florida

Nearly a quarter are African-American

Set out for Santiago, a stronghold in southern Cuba

As they arrive in Cuba, many soldiers come down with tropical diseases.

battle of san juan hill
Battle of San Juan Hill

Key to taking control of Santiago

Begin attack on July 1

African-American soldiers begin driving Spanish back as the Rough Riders join and help capture the hill.

final days
Final Days

American ships destroy Spain’s fleet as they try to escape Santiago Harbor.

City surrenders on July 17

A week later US forces take Puerto Rico

Spain signs truce on August 12th, 1898

results of war
Results of War

US demands Spain give up other colonies: Puerto Rico, island of Guam, and the Philippines.

Final treaty signed in Paris (December 1898)

Philippines becomes an American colony, infuriating many Filipinos who expected independence

emilio aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo

Led a revolt against American troops

American troops finally calm revolt in 1902

platt amendment
Platt Amendment

US is reluctant to grant Cuba complete independence

Cuba had to adopt Platt Amendment to its constitution

Amendment allowed US to intervene in Cuban affairs anytime there was a threat to “life, property, and individual freedom.”

Cuba must also allow US naval base at Guantanamo Bay

puerto rico
Puerto Rico

Becomes American territory

US sets up government and appoints officials

US finally grants Puerto Rico self-governing rights and grants Puerto Ricans US citizenship in 1917

anti imperialist league
Anti-Imperialist League

US treatment of Spain’s former colonies disappoints many Americans, including Carnegie, Jane Addams, and writer Mark Twain

These well known Americans, along with others, join Anti-Imperialist League.

Held belief that America should allow others to govern themselves

luis munoz rivera
Luis Munoz Rivera

Devoted life to obtaining self-government for Puerto Rico

Fought with both Spain and US over governing rights