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The Innovation Imperative ~ Enhancing Positive Educational Change through Technology The Honorable Aneesh P. Chopra Secretary of Technology April, 2008 Agenda for Discussion I. The Innovation Imperative II. Three Levers for Reform III. Coda ~ “More with Less” The Innovation Imperative

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the innovation imperative enhancing positive educational change through technology

The Innovation Imperative ~ Enhancing Positive Educational Change through Technology

The Honorable Aneesh P. Chopra

Secretary of Technology

April, 2008

agenda for discussion
Agenda for Discussion

I. The Innovation Imperative

II. Three Levers for Reform

III. Coda ~ “More with Less”

slide3

The Innovation Imperative

Thriving Technology Sector a Key Pillar of Virginia’s Competitiveness

Technology Drives Virginia Economy

Virginia Atop the Nation’s States

  • In 2007 American Electronics Association noted Virginia has the highest concentration of tech workers in the nation
  • Sixth lowest unemployment rate in the nation (3.1% as of July 2007)
  • Kaine Administration: 44,329 new jobs and $5.9 Billion in new investment
  • In 2006, Forbes.com named Virginia the beststate for business
  • 32% of all new jobs statewide created in the technology sector(year ending June 2007)
  • Wages in the technology sector represent 29% of all Virginia salaries (year ending June 2007)

Employment Growth

2Q06 vs. 2Q07

2.1%

1.0%

All

Industries

Technology

Sector

Source: Virginia Economic Trends 2Q2007, Chmura and Virginia Employment commission; AeA Cyberstates 2007 Report

national indicators warn of anxiety with global economy

“Drilling Down” on Anxiety

National Indicators Warn of Anxiety with Global Economy

CNN/Opinion Research Poll

October 2007

Changes in Share of Employment

By Occupational Skill

WSJ/NBC Survey

December 2007

“What do you think foreign trade means for America … an opportunity … or a threat…?"

“Do you think the fact that the American economy has become increasingly global is good … or bad …?"

46%

45%

58%

28%

Opportunity

Threat

Good

Bad

“The Sagging Middle”

“There is still strong demand for high-end workers…But…demand is increasing for some workers at the low end of the pay scale: the ones who wipe brows in hospitals, care for kids…and stand guard. The losers? “The sagging middle” – D. Wessel

Source: “How Polarizing Job Scene Squeezes Middle,” WSJ 10/12/07; CNN/Opinion Research, 10/07; WSJ/NBC Survey, 12/07

slide5

Three Levers

Working to Ensure all Virginians Benefit in the 21st Century Economy

I

State R&D Investments

II

An Innovation Infrastructure

III

Filling Tomorrow’s High-End Workforce

#Investing in Guided Innovation: Support $1.2 billion R&D goal through state funding, incentives to promote corporate research

#Universal Broadband: Develop public-private partnerships to ensure access to low-cost high-speed services

#‘STEM Education: Strengthen Virginia’s K-12 system by growing tomorrow’s science and engineering leaders

SoTech Agenda

#VRTAC Reform

#CIT Agenda

#Workforce Reform

council on virginia s future indicators reveal strong performance

Virginia Performs

Council on Virginia’s Future Indicators Reveal Strong Performance

Source: Virginia Performs Website (www.vaperforms.virginia.gov)

educational attainment test scores affect our ability to compete

Too Many Virginians Left Behind

Educational Attainment, Test Scores Affect Our Ability to Compete

Educational Attainment

Virginia

Test Scores and Economic Growth

OECD Countries

“in today's global economy…too many…kids aren't being prepared adequately for…either… work or college…our standards have not kept pace” – Governor Mark Warner

Nation’s Governors failed to achieve 1989 goal to achieve top ranking in science and math by 2000; “had the promise been fulfilled …, our results suggest that GDP would by 2015 be 4.5% greater”–Professor Eric Hanushek, et al.

Source: Council on Virginia’s Future; “Action Agenda for Improving America's High Schools,” Mark Warner, February 22, 2005; NGA “Education and Economic Growth,” Education Next, Hanushek, Jamison, Woessman, Spring 2008

slide8

Filling Tomorrow’s High End Workforce

Dual Strategy to Improve Our Finest, Extend Opportunity to All

Redesigning K-12 Curriculum

Virginia received a $500k grant from the NGA to establish a network of STEM centers built around Career and Technical Education; partnered with NASA to strengthen chemistry, physics core standards and introduce approach to K-12 engineering

Promoting AP Results

Virginia is one of 14 finalists for the $125M ExxonMobil funded grants to drive up the utilization of AP exams and the financially-reward students for scoring a 3 or greater; requires $2.4M in private matching funds contributed over 5 years

Providing Leaders, Hands-on Competition

Virginia is home to one of the largest FIRST Robotics regional competitions that draw 1500+ students annually; possible expansion to include additional sites across the Commonwealth to scale up participation

“From Competence to Excellence”

“Our education goal should be to promote true excellence by moving beyond our focus on competence, as measured by scores on standardized tests of minimum expectation.” Governor Tim Kaine

slide9

THEORY

S K I L L C O M P O N E N T S

HANDS-ON

Nothing But Questions

Theoretical Physics

Experimental Physics

Addressing the Curriculum Gap

Discover languagesto quantitatively describe existing world

Discover & describe

existing world

Design & buildnew systems

Fabricate & operate

new systems

Build or repair existing systems/components

Traditional

Welding

HVAC

Electricity

Plumbing

Electronics

Manufacturing

(Surgeon 19th C.)

A+ Comp Repair

Comp Network Admin

CISCO Network

ORACLE Internet

CAD

Model & Simulation

Algebraist

Geometer

Topologist

Statistician

Physicist

Chemist

Biologist

Research MD

Astronomer

Geologist

Aerospace

Automotive

Chemical

Electronics

Computer

Civil

Model & Simulation

Research Surgeon

Wind Tunnel

Aircraft Maintenance

Airframe/Powerplant

Particle Detectors

Integrated Circuits

21st Century

Focus on modernizing curriculum (more lab work, emerging technologies)

Focus on new curriculum (more applied/case method, career path)

2-yr college/OJT

4-yr College (+)

4-yr College (+)

4-yr College (+)

HS with National Certifications

CTE

Current K-12 “Gap”

Traditional Academic

Source: Jim Batterson, NASA

* Sometimes “Instrument Maker”

slide10

Career Pathways ~ A Case Study

Health IT a High Growth, High Wage Occupation for All Virginians

Clinical Codervacancy rate in Northern Virginia 11.5%, with an expected 2,500 FTE demand by 2020

Clinical Data Coding

Career Studies Certificate

Certified Coding Specialist (CCS)

Certified Coding Associate (CCA)

  • Northern Virginia Community College
  • Tidewater Community College
  • Host of Online Programs

Average Income

2005

Registered Health Information

Technician (RHIT)

(Associate Degree)

$35.0K

$17.4K

Registered Health Information

Administrator (RHIA)

(Bachelors Degree)

  • DeVry University
  • Host of Online Programs

Galax

Per Capita

Clinical Coder

  • George Mason University
  • (proposal)
  • College of St. Scholastica
  • (online)
  • University of Illinois at Chicago (online)

With five years experience, coders can make between $50-75,000

Masters of Science degree in

Health Information Management

traditional curriculum development too slow to modernize
Traditional Curriculum Development Too Slow to Modernize

Logarithms for Computation

Instructional Presence

Source – NASA Langley Research Center, Planning Office

a comprehensive approach to educational innovation

Framework for Reform

A Comprehensive Approach to Educational Innovation

Online Collaboration

Program

Re-Direction

Traditional Lessons:

  • Curriculum Development - Wiki
  • Counting
  • Idea Sharing Across Regions
  • History
  • Reading

Buildinga 21st Century

Curriculum

  • STEM Community Networking

New Skills to Incorporate:

  • Innovation
  • Needs Assessments
  • Problem-Solving
  • Invention

Incorporating Emerging Technologies

  • Web-based Games
  • Instant messaging
  • Social networking sites
slide14

Coda ~ “More with Less”

Taxpayers Consistent on “Price” Willing to Pay for Government

Virginia’s “Price” of State/Local Government

Cents/$ Personal Income

Beyond “Best Managed State”

“Our goal is to be the best managed state, but also to go beyond – to measure state government against the best business organizations. All highly effective organizations regularly review their budgets and procedures, constantly looking for ways to improve and implement best practices.

-Governor Kaine July 2007 Budget Memo

Despite increased investments needed for education, healthcare, public safety and transportation, Virginia’s historical tolerance for public investments hovers below 15%

Additional investments should be funded (at least in part) by savings generated within existing programs – re-allocating under-performing assets one budget tool to consider

Source: Public Strategies Group; Governor Kaine July 2007 Budget Memo

slide15

Public Sector Innovation Adoption Holds Promise to Drive Efficiency

Productivity Investment Fund in Brief

Technology Adoption Life Cycle

chasm

Capital: Governor Kaine established $3M fund in January2007 to simplify government operations

Goals: In addition to operating cost savings, PIF encourages agencies to lower constituent transaction time and advance the Governor’s key performance measures

Competition: Only 25% of all qualified agency applications earned funding

Portfolio: Across two rounds, we are expecting a 4-1 ROI on $1.4M invested to fund the following savings initiatives:

Gov

Population

early

adopters

Time

Accelerated Adoption Life Cycle

Requirements

Gov

  • Dept of Tax: Image Cash Letter
  • DMV: Workforce Mgmt System
  • DMME: Field GIS
  • Tax #2: Corporate E-File
  • Tax #3: Eliminate Vouchers
  • ODU: VIDEO-D-U

Population

Acquisition

x

early

adopters

Time

Source: Modified from Crossing the Chasm by Geoffrey A. Moore, 1991

virginia actively courts private sector investment to deliver value

Public-Private Partnerships

Virginia Actively Courts Private Sector Investment to Deliver Value

Health Plan IT-Related Services

Initiated Procurement January 16th, 2008

GED On Demand

October 12, 2007

Google Site Maps

April 30, 2007

Virginia one of 4 states to partner with Google to implement site maps and enterprise search; portal traffic is up 22% as 180K+ URLs, including sex offender registry, loaded by 12/07

Following Executive Order 42, private firm Accretive Care submits an unsolicited PPEA* to provide “navigation” services; competing proposals due April 22nd, 2008

Cox and Comcast began offering GED® ON DEMAND lectures at no additional cost to digital cable subscribers; 39 courses available today across 1MM households

*Public Private Educational Facilities Act

entrepreneurs ready to dramatically lower costs for public services
Entrepreneurs Ready to Dramatically Lower Costs for Public Services

Water Filters

Hearing Aids

Low-cost product to alleviate hearing impairment; 240+million people suffer without treatment; David Green selected as an Ashoka Fellow

Low-cost method to remove arsenic from water; 10+ million people suffer without treatment; GMU Professor Abul Hussam wins $1M Grainger Prize

Cost Per Device

Cost Per Device

~$800

~$5,000

$60-$210

$40

Market Filters

SONO Filter

Market Aids

Impact 1

Prototype developed within three years of original concept

Device requires no energy supply