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INDIA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INDIA Aparna Karanam OVERVIEW Country in South Asia Seventh largest country by geographical area Second most populous country Largest liberal democracy Coast line of over 7000 km Borders Pakistan to the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan to north-east, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

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india

INDIA

Aparna Karanam

overview
OVERVIEW
  • Country in South Asia
  • Seventh largest country by geographical area
  • Second most populous country
  • Largest liberal democracy
  • Coast line of over 7000 km
  • Borders Pakistan to the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan to north-east, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
slide5
Capital: New Delhi
  • Independence Day: Aug 15, 1947
  • Religions: Hinduism (80.5%), Sikhism(2%), Buddhism(0.76%), Islam(16.2%), Christianity(2.43%)
  • Official Name: Bharat
  • Government: Federal Republic
  • Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh
  • President: A P J Abdul Kalam
  • Republic: Jan 26, 1950
  • Official Language: Hindi
slide6
PRIME MIISTER

PRESIDENT

slide7
Area: 328,7590 sq km
  • Population: 1103371000
  • Population density: 329/sq km
  • Currency: Rupee
  • 28 states, 7 union territories
  • Sex ratio is 993 females per 1000 males
  • Birthrate is 22 per 1000 births
  • Average literacy rate is 64.4%
  • State with the highest literacy rate is Kerala: 94%
economy
ECONOMY
  • Labor force of 496 million out of which 60% is employed in agriculture or agriculture related industries, 17% in main stream industries and 23% in service industries
  • Agricultural products: rice, wheat, oilseed, jute, cotton, tea, sugarcane, potatoes
  • Industries: textile, chemical, food processing, steel, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery
slide10
Pronounced growth in Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  • Trading Partners: USA, UK, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, UAE, Switzerland, Belgium
brief overview
BRIEF OVERVIEW
  • State in South India
  • Fourth largest state with an area of 276,754 sq km (accounts for 8.4% of the country’s territory)
  • Population: 75,727,000
  • Population density: 275/sq km
  • Fifth largest state in terms of population
  • Largest and most populous in South India
slide15
Rice bowl of India
  • Two rivers and a coast line (972km)
  • Official language: Telugu
  • Formed on Nov 1, 1956 (AP FORMATION DAY)
  • Capital city: Hyderabad
  • Andhra – Leader in battle

Pradesh – Region

regions
REGIONS
  • Costa – coastal region
  • Telangana – west (on the plateau)
  • Rayalaseema – southeast
  • 23 districts
important cities
IMPORTANT CITIES
  • Hyderabad – Capital, thriving cosmopolitan city, rich in culture
  • Visakhapatnam – Main port. Shipyards, fisheries, docks and steel works make it the power house
  • Guntur – heart of tobacco, cotton and textile industries
  • Nellore – famous for sea food and quality of rice grown
languages
LANGUAGES
  • Official language – TELUGU (85%)
  • URDU spoken by muslim population (8%)
  • HINDI (2.65%)
economy20
ECONOMY
  • Gross domestic product in 2005 – $62 billion
recent economic progress
RECENT ECONOMIC PROGRESS
  • Information Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Business Management
  • Construction
agricultural sector
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
  • Agriculture is the chief source of income
  • Rice, sugarcane, cotton, chillies and tobacco are the local crops
  • Other: Ground Nut, Jute, Mangoes, Grapes, Guavas, Oilseeds, Turmeric, Bananas
  • Drought hit agricultural sector
however
However…
  • One of the top 5 IT exporting states

(20% of work force)

  • Mineral rich state and ranks second in the country
  • Ranks first in generation of hydro electric power (with a national market share of 11%)
education
EDUCATION
  • More than 20 leading Institutes of excellence in higher education
  • Courses: Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Law, Medicine, Business
  • 1330 – Arts, Science and Commerce colleges
  • 268 – Engineering schools
  • 53 – Medical schools
slide25
Overall Literacy rate: 60.5%
  • Male literacy rate: 70.3%
  • Female literacy rate: 50.4%

(A cause for concern)

politics
POLITICS
  • Congress
  • Telugu Desam Party (TDP)
  • Ruling Party: Congress
governing bodies
CHIEF MINISTER

(Dr. Rajasekhar Reddy)

GOVERNER

(Mr. Rameswar Thakur)

GOVERNING BODIES
movies
MOVIES
  • Maximum number of cinema halls

(about 2500)

  • Produces 200 movies a year
  • Now houses IMAX theatre with 3D screen
dance
DANCE
  • Kuchipudi – classical dance
temples
TEMPLES
  • 10 famous temples
  • Tirupati – World’s second richest
museums
MUSEUMS
  • Salarjung Museum – varied collection of sculptures, paintings and religious artifacts
  • Visakha Museum – features the history of the pre-independence in a re-habilitated Dutch bungalow
festivals
FESTIVALS
  • Ugadi (Telugu New Year’s day)
  • Sankranti (Festival of kites)
  • Dasara (Celebrates the death of demon)
  • Diwali (Fire works)
  • Holi (Festival of colors)
tourism
TOURISM
  • Home of pilgrim centres
  • One million year old limestone cave, Valleys, Hills, Narrow Gorges and Beaches
administrative setup
Administrative Setup
  • Districts – 23
  • Inhabited Villages – 26586
  • Un-inhabited Villages – 1414
  • Towns – 264
  • Mandals - 1123
population
Population
  • Total (in thousands) – 75727
  • Males (in thousands) – 38286
  • Females (in thousands) – 37441
  • Rural (in thousands) – 55224
  • Urban (in thousands) – 20503
  • Density of population (per sq.km) – 275
  • Literacy rate – 61.11%
  • Urban population – 27%
  • Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) - 978
employment
Employment
  • State Government Employees – 500,000
  • Public Sector Undertakings – 296,000
  • Universities – 20,000
agriculture
Agriculture
  • Percentage of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown – 42.5
  • Total live stock – 3578800
  • Total Poultry - 6550000
forest
Forest
  • Forest Area in sq.km - 63814
electricity in million units
Electricity (in Million Units)
  • Total Generation – 38171
  • Total Consumption – 23770
  • Industrial Consumption – 1357
  • Agricultural Consumption – 9336
  • Domestic Consumption - 4535
banking
Banking
  • Banking Offices (Scheduled and Commercial) – 5076
  • Villages having Banking Offices - 2445
slide48
“The recent arrest of a suspected

Lashkar-e-Tayiba operative from Andhra Pradesh, in connection with the terrorist attack in the country holds a lesson: That Andhra Pradesh may swiftly becoming jihad's production factory”

-Rediff News

reasons
Reasons…

Drought prompts the youngsters to become militants

Youngsters have no jobs, and some of them may be falling prey to the designs of fundamentalist groups

slide50
"I also come from a farmer's family and I have some idea of the suffering and difficulties of the farmers, but after what I have seen and heard here today, I have come to know the extent of the sufferings and losses of the farmers for the first time."

Prime Minister, India

suffering for long
Suffering for long…

Farmers have been taking their lives in Andhra Pradesh after failing to repay high-interest loans from private money lenders

Analysts say the spate of suicides points to the complete collapse of cheap and affordable government credit to farmers.

slide55
Improve the quality of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides
  • A thorough state-level research on ground water tables and ways of improving their levels
  • Complete all pending irrigation projects and plan new projects in drought hit areas of Telangana and Rayalaseema regions
slide56
Establish a State-level Banking & Insurance Corporations which outlaw all forms of private lending schemes
slide58
For poor, risk is familiar and high. Strategies for coping with risk are a part of everyday life
  • Borrowing helps households achieve economic stability – temporary solution
  • Poor require savings services to help them better manage their resources and enable them to plan and finance their investments
  • Most importantly, the poor need insurance to lessen the blow when, for instance, the crops fail
slide59
The poor should not be shut out of the resources for the risk they bear; on the contrary, the poor need additional services to mitigate that risk
importance of saving
Importance of Saving
  • Saving builds assets for future planned activities like children’s education and marriage
  • Saving decreases the amount of credit a household has to seek at high cost from informal lenders and reduce the sale of assets at low cost during times of distress
slide61
Poor can save in the form of human capital by improving their health, nutritional status and education
  • This form of saving can produce real future benefits by raising productivity and speeding development
importance of insurance
Importance of Insurance
  • The poor need insurance to protect themselves from uncertainty
  • However, insurance services is fraught with special difficulties
  • The existence of insurance may cause people to involve in riskier behavior which ultimately pose higher costs on insurer
choosing the right programs
Choosing the right programs
  • To increase the financial services to the poor, the programs must fit the specific context of a particular area and its population
  • Programs must be adopted based on local occupational patterns, household spending and saving behavior, culture, resources available, agro-ecological characteristics, division of labor by gender and historical experience
slide65
What kinds of financial services do the poor value? What economic activities are the poor engaged in, and what implications does this have for the type of services to be provided? What are existing sources of financial services, and how do the poor use them?
slide66
What combination of financial instruments—credit, savings, insurance—are best developed, given specific demand from different types of clients? Do delivery systems (credit union, village banking, group-based lending) take into account the prevailing socioeconomic environments or local organizational systems?
slide67
What non-conventional methods do the poor use to secure loans? Can these

collateral substitutes be used within a more formalized banking system?

slide68
Are regulations in place that govern mutually supportive transactions between

the clients (borrowers) and institutions (lenders), such as deposit insurance and contract enforcement?

slide69
Would the introduction or expansion of these services in a region be one of the most socially cost-effective ways to alleviate poverty there, given the state of infrastructure and markets, the availability of services, and the existence of other antipoverty and development programs in the region?