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INDIA

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  1. INDIA Aparna Karanam

  2. OVERVIEW • Country in South Asia • Seventh largest country by geographical area • Second most populous country • Largest liberal democracy • Coast line of over 7000 km • Borders Pakistan to the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan to north-east, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

  3. Capital: New Delhi • Independence Day: Aug 15, 1947 • Religions: Hinduism (80.5%), Sikhism(2%), Buddhism(0.76%), Islam(16.2%), Christianity(2.43%) • Official Name: Bharat • Government: Federal Republic • Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh • President: A P J Abdul Kalam • Republic: Jan 26, 1950 • Official Language: Hindi

  4. PRIME MIISTER PRESIDENT

  5. Area: 328,7590 sq km • Population: 1103371000 • Population density: 329/sq km • Currency: Rupee • 28 states, 7 union territories • Sex ratio is 993 females per 1000 males • Birthrate is 22 per 1000 births • Average literacy rate is 64.4% • State with the highest literacy rate is Kerala: 94%

  6. FATHER OF THE NATION

  7. ECONOMY • Labor force of 496 million out of which 60% is employed in agriculture or agriculture related industries, 17% in main stream industries and 23% in service industries • Agricultural products: rice, wheat, oilseed, jute, cotton, tea, sugarcane, potatoes • Industries: textile, chemical, food processing, steel, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery

  8. Pronounced growth in Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) • Trading Partners: USA, UK, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, UAE, Switzerland, Belgium

  9. TAJMAHAL

  10. ANDHRA PRADESH

  11. BRIEF OVERVIEW • State in South India • Fourth largest state with an area of 276,754 sq km (accounts for 8.4% of the country’s territory) • Population: 75,727,000 • Population density: 275/sq km • Fifth largest state in terms of population • Largest and most populous in South India

  12. Rice bowl of India • Two rivers and a coast line (972km) • Official language: Telugu • Formed on Nov 1, 1956 (AP FORMATION DAY) • Capital city: Hyderabad • Andhra – Leader in battle Pradesh – Region

  13. REGIONS • Costa – coastal region • Telangana – west (on the plateau) • Rayalaseema – southeast • 23 districts

  14. IMPORTANT CITIES • Hyderabad – Capital, thriving cosmopolitan city, rich in culture • Visakhapatnam – Main port. Shipyards, fisheries, docks and steel works make it the power house • Guntur – heart of tobacco, cotton and textile industries • Nellore – famous for sea food and quality of rice grown

  15. LANGUAGES • Official language – TELUGU (85%) • URDU spoken by muslim population (8%) • HINDI (2.65%)

  16. ECONOMY • Gross domestic product in 2005 – $62 billion

  17. RECENT ECONOMIC PROGRESS • Information Technology • Biotechnology • Pharmaceuticals • Business Management • Construction

  18. AGRICULTURAL SECTOR • Agriculture is the chief source of income • Rice, sugarcane, cotton, chillies and tobacco are the local crops • Other: Ground Nut, Jute, Mangoes, Grapes, Guavas, Oilseeds, Turmeric, Bananas • Drought hit agricultural sector

  19. However… • One of the top 5 IT exporting states (20% of work force) • Mineral rich state and ranks second in the country • Ranks first in generation of hydro electric power (with a national market share of 11%)

  20. EDUCATION • More than 20 leading Institutes of excellence in higher education • Courses: Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Law, Medicine, Business • 1330 – Arts, Science and Commerce colleges • 268 – Engineering schools • 53 – Medical schools

  21. Overall Literacy rate: 60.5% • Male literacy rate: 70.3% • Female literacy rate: 50.4% (A cause for concern)

  22. POLITICS • Congress • Telugu Desam Party (TDP) • Ruling Party: Congress

  23. CHIEF MINISTER (Dr. Rajasekhar Reddy) GOVERNER (Mr. Rameswar Thakur) GOVERNING BODIES

  24. CULTURE

  25. MOVIES • Maximum number of cinema halls (about 2500) • Produces 200 movies a year • Now houses IMAX theatre with 3D screen

  26. DANCE • Kuchipudi – classical dance

  27. TEMPLES • 10 famous temples • Tirupati – World’s second richest

  28. MUSEUMS • Salarjung Museum – varied collection of sculptures, paintings and religious artifacts • Visakha Museum – features the history of the pre-independence in a re-habilitated Dutch bungalow

  29. FESTIVALS • Ugadi (Telugu New Year’s day) • Sankranti (Festival of kites) • Dasara (Celebrates the death of demon) • Diwali (Fire works) • Holi (Festival of colors)

  30. TOURISM • Home of pilgrim centres • One million year old limestone cave, Valleys, Hills, Narrow Gorges and Beaches

  31. In the Capital City… • Mecca Masjid

  32. Charminar

  33. Golconda Fort

  34. FOOD

  35. AT A GLANCE…

  36. Administrative Setup • Districts – 23 • Inhabited Villages – 26586 • Un-inhabited Villages – 1414 • Towns – 264 • Mandals - 1123

  37. Population • Total (in thousands) – 75727 • Males (in thousands) – 38286 • Females (in thousands) – 37441 • Rural (in thousands) – 55224 • Urban (in thousands) – 20503 • Density of population (per sq.km) – 275 • Literacy rate – 61.11% • Urban population – 27% • Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) - 978

  38. Employment • State Government Employees – 500,000 • Public Sector Undertakings – 296,000 • Universities – 20,000

  39. Agriculture • Percentage of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown – 42.5 • Total live stock – 3578800 • Total Poultry - 6550000

  40. Forest • Forest Area in sq.km - 63814

  41. Electricity (in Million Units) • Total Generation – 38171 • Total Consumption – 23770 • Industrial Consumption – 1357 • Agricultural Consumption – 9336 • Domestic Consumption - 4535

  42. Banking • Banking Offices (Scheduled and Commercial) – 5076 • Villages having Banking Offices - 2445

  43. E-BANKING

  44. “The recent arrest of a suspected Lashkar-e-Tayiba operative from Andhra Pradesh, in connection with the terrorist attack in the country holds a lesson: That Andhra Pradesh may swiftly becoming jihad's production factory” -Rediff News

  45. Reasons… Drought prompts the youngsters to become militants Youngsters have no jobs, and some of them may be falling prey to the designs of fundamentalist groups

  46. "I also come from a farmer's family and I have some idea of the suffering and difficulties of the farmers, but after what I have seen and heard here today, I have come to know the extent of the sufferings and losses of the farmers for the first time." Prime Minister, India