chapter 17 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 17 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 17

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Chapter 17 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 462 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 17. Animal Bites, Human Bites, and Snake Bites. Lesson Objectives . Identify the various sources of animal bites and know how to treat injuries inflicted by animals, as well as when to consider the risk of rabies. Know how to manage bites from humans.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 17' - orien


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 17

Chapter 17

Animal Bites, Human Bites, and Snake Bites

lesson objectives
Lesson Objectives
  • Identify the various sources of animal bites and know how to treat injuries inflicted by animals, as well as when to consider the risk of rabies.
  • Know how to manage bites from humans.
  • Identify poisonous and nonpoisonous snakes in the United States and describe the management of snake bites.
animal bites 1 of 7
Animal Bites (1 of 7)
  • Wild Animals
    • Bears, bison, moose, cougars, alligators.
    • Injuries include puncture wounds, bites, lacerations, bruises, rupture of internal organs, and evisceration.
animal bites 2 of 7
Animal Bites (2 of 7)
  • Domestic animals
    • Most animal bites are inflicted by dogs and cats.
    • Cat bites frequently become infected.
animal bites 3 of 7
Animal Bites (3 of 7)
  • What to do
    • If not bleeding heavily, irrigate with water for 5 to 10 minutes.
    • Remove foreign material.
    • Control bleeding with pressure.
    • If rabies is possible, wash with soap and water, benzalkonium chloride, or povidone-iodine.
animal bites 4 of 7
Animal Bites (4 of 7)
  • What to do
    • After attack by a large animal, examine the victim for internal injuries.
    • Cover wounds with a sterile dressing.
    • Evacuate.
animal bites 5 of 7
Animal Bites (5 of 7)
  • Rabies
    • A fatal viral infection of the brain.
    • Only affects warm-blooded animals.
    • Animals most commonly infected include skunks, raccoons, and bats.
animal bites 6 of 7
Animal Bites (6 of 7)
  • Rabies
    • Consider rabies in the following situations:
      • In an area or country where rabies is endemic
      • If a bite by a dog, cat, skunk, raccoon, or fox is unprovoked and the skin is broken
      • If the victim was bitten by a bat
      • If the victim was bitten by a large carnivore
      • If an already open wound is licked by a potentially rabid animal
animal bites 7 of 7
Animal Bites (7 of 7)
  • Rabies
    • What to do
      • Wash the bite vigorously with soap and water or irrigate with benzalkonium chloride.
      • Brain of infected animal must be examined. It may be necessary to capture or kill the animal.
human bites
Human Bites
  • What to do
    • Wash with soap and water for 5 to 10 minutes.
    • Control bleeding with pressure.
    • Cover the wound with a sterile dressing.
    • Seek medical care and tetanus immunizations, if necessary.
snake bites 1 of 8
Snake Bites (1 of 8)
  • Pit viper
  • Coral snake

© AbleStock

Courtesy of Luther C. Goldman/U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

snake bites 2 of 8
Snake Bites (2 of 8)
  • Pit viper snake bites
    • What to look for
      • Severe burning pain at bite site
      • Two small puncture wounds
      • Swelling
      • Discoloration and blood-filled blisters
      • In severe cases: nausea, vomiting, sweating, weakness, bleeding, coma, and death.
snake bites 3 of 8
Snake Bites (3 of 8)
  • Pit viper snake bites
    • What to do
      • Get the victim away from the snake.
      • Do not attempt oral suction or incising the skin.
      • Keep the victim quiet.
      • Evacuate immediately.
snake bites 4 of 8
Snake Bites (4 of 8)
  • Pit viper snake bites
    • What to do
      • Antivenin should be given within 4 to 6 hours.
      • Immobilize affected limb.
      • If there is no immediate reaction, start to walk slowly with the victim to the trailhead.
snake bites 5 of 8
Snake Bites (5 of 8)
  • Coral snake bite
    • What to look for
      • Respiratory depression.
      • Double vision.
      • Difficulty swallowing.
      • Several hours can pass before onset of symptoms. Absence of immediate symptoms does not mean it is a harmless bite.
snake bites 6 of 8
Snake Bites (6 of 8)
  • Coral snake bite
    • What to do
      • Keep victim calm.
      • Clean the bite with soap and water.
      • Wrap a bitten limb with an elastic bandage.
      • Evacuate the victim to a hospital for antivenin.
snake bites 7 of 8
Snake Bites (7 of 8)
  • Nonpoisonous snake bite
    • What to look for
      • Horseshoe-shaped tooth marks
      • Some swelling and tenderness
      • No evidence of significant envenomation
snake bites 8 of 8
Snake Bites (8 of 8)
  • Nonpoisonous snake bite
    • What to do
      • Clean bite with soap and water.
      • Care for the bite as a minor wound.
      • A tetanus booster may be needed.