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Colonial Beginnings. Roanoke The Lost Colony. Gov. John White made 2 trips to Virginia 1 st trip – check out the area 2 nd trip – bring 100 settlers for settlement Food was scarce …many starved to death. Roanoke The Lost Colony. White returned to England to get supplies

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roanoke the lost colony
RoanokeThe Lost Colony
  • Gov. John White made 2 trips to Virginia
  • 1sttrip – check out the area
  • 2ndtrip – bring 100settlers for settlement
  • Food was scarce…many starvedto death
roanoke the lost colony1
RoanokeThe Lost Colony
  • White returned to England

to get supplies

  • When he returned, he

found NOTHING…no

signs of civilization

  • The only clue…“CRO”

carved in tree


jamestown virginia
Jamestown, Virginia
  • Why is Jamestown so important? It was the 1st permanent English settlement
  • Named in honor of

King James

  • Chartered by the

Virginia Company

  • Motivation for

settlement – gold/silver

  • Area low-lying/swampy (mosquitos carried malaria)
  • Summers– hot & humid
  • Winters– bitter cold; settlers arrived too late to plant crops
  • Attacksfrom the


By the end of the first year only 38of 103 settlers were alive
  • Gentlemen were “too good”to work…they were there to search for gold($$$)
  • The colony desperately needed leadership…and John Smith stepped up
  • Ruthlessman
  • Arrived during the 2ndwinter(1608)
  • Created work ethic among the colonists – “Workor die” during this “starving time”
Smith kept notes that were made into a book
  • He was capturedby the Powhatan Indians. His life was sparedwhen he befriended Pocahontas.
  • A gunpowderaccident

caused John Smith to

return to England.

  • John Rolfe takes over and brings 800more settlers with him to Jamestown
  • He becomes the 1st successful European tobacco farmer
  • Tobacco caused increasedproblems with the Natives.
  • Why? Planting tobacco fields meant expandingthe size of the Jamestown colony
John Rolfe meets and marries Pocahontas
  • She becomes a Christianand is baptized as Rebecca
  • Rolfe returns to Englandwith Rebecca when he is summoned by the Virginia Company
house of burgesses
House of Burgesses
  • 1st representative government in the New World – allowed for elected officials to represent colonists
  • Created local laws
  • Dutch ships bring in Africans to work tobacco crops in Jamestown

Cross out the following portion of your notes:



  • Better known as the Pilgrims
  • Separated from the Church of England
  • Fled to Holland…and were dissatisfied w/ Holland
  • Contacted the Virginia Company regarding sailing to New World
  • 35of the 102 passengers were Separatists (the others were commoners from England)
  • Leader – William Bradford
  • Sailed for 66days
  • What did they have to eat? Nothing but cheese, hard bread, fish, beer
  • Were sailing to Plymouth
mayflower compact
Mayflower Compact
  • A stormblew them off course, and they landed outsidethe Virginia Company limits in which later became Massachusetts

– this meant their charter was no good

  • A compactwas created – established lawsfor the good of the colony
  • Created self-government(majority rule) – ”civil government”
  • 8 males did not sign – they were under 15 or indentured servants