Henry Ford Ford Model-T & The Assembly line
Ford Model-T • In 1908, Henry Ford built a car called the Ford Model-T. • It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive. • It was nicknamed “Tin Lizzie”.
The Ford Model-T • The first (1st) Ford model-T car cost $1200. • In 1928, the price of the car went down to $295. • By 1929 Ford built more than one car per minute.
Advantages Sell the cars at a low price Standardize the car: 1 colour and 1 engine size available Disadvantages Need fewer skilled workers Cut the cost of salary Mass Production
Mass Production In 1913, Ford invented the Assembly Line to speed up production.
Key Quote – Henry Ford • «A customer can have any colour he likes for his car as long as it's black.» How would this have helped to cut production costs?
Assembly Lines A car frame is put on a conveyer belt and each person puts one piece on every car that comes down the line.
More jobs are created in other industries. Car Industry Mass productions & Standardization lead to increased car sales. More Standardized parts are needed The Cycle of Prosperity! Jobs in Diners, Motels & Gas Stations. Steel More oil is used Rubber Leather More people with jobs means that they can afford to buy a car! Glass More roads are built
Ford’s Assembly Line gave people more jobs and money. My Dad has a new job! =
Aerial view of the Rouge Plant in 1930 In 1929, there were 81 000 men working in this factory.
Henry FordJuly 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947 • Henry Ford was a great inventor and made a huge effect on our world. • Henry Ford’s assembly linemade cars cheaper. • His idea was used in other factories. • He created jobs for society.
Let’s Roll Away! Instructions • Answer the questions on page 3 of your Student Booklet. • Pair up to discuss and to compare your answers. • You will be evaluated for Competency 1 here so let’s speak English Teacher: press PAUSE!!
ROLL AWAY ! Question 1 : • When did Henry Ford make his first Model-T? Question 2: • How much did it cost? In 1908 $ 1 200
ROLL AWAY ! Question 3 : • How many Model-T cars were built? Question 4 : • When did Henry Ford start the assembly line? One car per minute In 1913
ROLL AWAY ! Ford invented the Assembly Line to speed up production. Question 5 : • Why did Henry Ford start the assembly line?
ROLL AWAY ! Question 6 : • How does an assembly line work? A car frame is put on a conveyer belt and as the car moves, each person adds a part.
ALMOST THERE ! Question 7 : • What are some things Henry Ford did that helped society? He helped lower the car prices and he created jobs.
HERE WE ARE ! Question 8 : • How can we use Henry Ford's idea in our lives? If we worktogether, we can get the job done more quickly.