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Global Perspective of Biotech/GM Crops and Future Prospects 2010 - 15 th Anniversary of Commercialization. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) http://www.isaaa.org. Overview of Presentation . Few introductory/contextual slides

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slide1

Global Perspective of Biotech/GM Crops and Future Prospects

2010 - 15th Anniversary of Commercialization

International Service for the Acquisition

of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)

http://www.isaaa.org

slide2

Overview of Presentation

  • Few introductory/contextual slides
  • ADOPTION, first 15 years, 1996 - 2010
  • IMPACT of Biotech crops
  • FUTURE – 2011 – 2015 (MDG)
  • Source: Clive James, 2011
slide3

ISAAA – www.isaaa.org

  • A Not-for-Profit Charity, co-sponsored by public and private sector organizations
  • ISAAA is a Pro-Choice Organization
  • Share knowledge freely on crop biotechnologywhilst respecting the rights of others to make their own decisions; ensure that the global community is well informedabout the attributes and potential of the new technologies
  • MISSION - Contribute to poverty alleviation by increasing crop productivity and income generation, particularly for small resource-poor farmers and to ensure a safer and moresustainable environment

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide4

The Challenge - Double Crop Production by 2050 – A Strategy

  • NO SINGLE APPROACHwill suffice to feed 9 billion peoplein 2050
  • Conventional crop improvement ALONE will not double crop production by 2050 – GM/BIOTECH CROPS NOT A PANACEA but essential
  • Successful strategy must have MULTIPLE APPROACHES that address all the principal issues that include:
  • Population stabilization
  • Improved food distribution systems
  • A Technology Component is ESSENTIAL– A crop improvementSTRATEGY THAT INTEGRATES the BEST of the OLD (CONVENTIONAL) and the BEST of the NEW (BIOTECH) to optimize productivity andCONTRIBUTEto food, feed and fiber security

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide5

Global Society’s Questions re. Biotech Crops

  • Can biotech crops produce more affordable food, feed and fiber, and are they safe?
  • Can biotech crops contribute to a more sustainable environment ?
  • Can biotech crops help with climate change by decreasing CO2 emissions?
  • Can biotech crops contribute to foodsecurity and to the alleviation of poverty and hunger?

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide6

ADOPTION

  • OF
  • BIOTECH CROPS
  • 1996 - 2010
slide7

Accumulated Global Area of Biotech Crops,1996/10

Biotech Crops Surge Over 1 Billion Hectares in 2010

M Acres

2965

1200

1 Billion Hectares = USA land area

1000

2471

1976

800

600

1482

500 Million Hectares

10 years

5 years

400

988

494

200

0

0

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide9

Colombia*

Chile*

Honduras*

Portugal

Czech Republic

Poland

Egypt*

Slovakia

Costa Rica*

Romania

Sweden

Germany

Global Area (Million Hectares) of Biotech Crops, 2010: by Country

Biotech Mega Countries

50,000 hectares , or more

Million Hectares

USA

Brazil*

Argentina*

India*

Canada

China*

Paraguay*

Pakistan*

South Africa*

Uruguay*

Bolivia*

Australia

Philippines*

Myanmar*

Burkina Faso*

Spain

Mexico*

66.8

25.4

22.9

9.4

8.8

3.5

2.6

2.4

2.2

1.1

0.9

0.7

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.1

0.1

29 countries which have adopted biotech crops

In 2010, global area of biotech crops was 148 million hectares, representing an increase of 10% over 2009, equivalent to 14 million hectares.

Increase over 2009

Less than 50,000 hectares

10%

Source: Clive James, 2010.

* Developing countries

slide10

SUMMARY– 2010 HIGHLIGHTS

  • 1 billionth hectare planted in 2010 – same area as USA
  • Increase from 25 to 29 countries; 3 new: Pakistan, Myanmar and Sweden, and Germany resumed planting
  • Strong 10% growth = 14 m. has.– 2nd largest gain ever.
  • 87-fold increase from 1996 to 2010 – fastest adopted crop technology
  • Top 10 countries each >1 m. has., 8 are developing
  • 15.4 mill. biotech farmers, up 1.4 mill. – 90% or 14.4 million were small and resource-poor farmers
  • Stacked traits–11 countries, 32 million hectares (22%)

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide12

GLOBAL IMPACT of BIOTECH CROPS

Source: Brookes and Barfoot forthcoming, and Clive James, 2011

  • IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME – Farm income gains of $65 billion from 1996 to 2009, of which 44% was due to cost reduction and 56% due to a production gain of 229 million tons; benefits conservative due spill-over from biotech to conventional.
  • PROTECT BIODIVERSITY– Double crop production on same area of 1.5 billion hectares of crop land –save forests/biodiversity – 13 m. has. loss/year in dev countries – 229 mill tons would have required an additional 75 mill hectares – a land saving technology
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT– Reduce need for external inputs - Saving of 393 mill. kg pesticidesfrom 1996/2009 - 9% saved
  • - Saved 18 bill. kg C02in 2009 -contribution to climate change
      • - Conservation of soil & WATER thru biotech + no/low till
  • SOCIAL BENEFITS
  • - Contribution to poverty alleviation of 14.4 million small resource-poor farmers in 2010 & welfare benefits emerging
slide13

THE FUTURE

2011 - 2015,

THE REMANING FIVE YEARS OF THE SECOND DECADE OF COMMERCIALIZATION

2015, The Millennium Development Goals Year

slide14

The Future –2011-2015. A WAVE OF

NEW & IMPROVED BIOTECH CROPS

  • Many new crop/trait options will be ready before 2015
  • Drought tolerance–principal trait–maize in US 2012/13
  • Biotech rice –majorcrop, up to 1 billion beneficiaries
  • Quality traits–Golden Rice in 2013, omega-3, others
  • More biotech crops developed by countries from the South in public inst. – more South-South cooperation
  • Biotech applications for “Speeding the breeding”–MAS and biotech crops, to provide a faster response to more severe and rapid changes in climate change
  • Asia will grow more in 2nd decade than first decade

Source: Clive James, 2011

slide16

Biotech crops, are a product of INNOVATION“the ability to manage change as anopportunity, not as a threat”