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Geographic Regions of Georgia. SS8G1 The student will describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location. b. Describe the five geographic regions of Georgia; include the Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain.

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Geographic regions of georgia

Geographic Regions of Georgia

SS8G1 The student will describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location.

b. Describe the five geographic regions of Georgia; include the Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain.

c. Locate and evaluate the importance of key physical features on the development of Georgia; include the Fall Line, Okefenokee Swamp, Appalachian Mountains, Chattahoochee and Savannah Rivers, and barrier islands.


Terms to know
Terms to Know:

  • Region

  • Wetland

  • Barrier Island

  • Fall Line

Georgia has 5 physiogeographic regions
Georgia has 5 physiogeographic regions.

  • Appalachian Plateau

  • Ridge and Valley

  • Blue Ridge

  • Piedmont

  • Coastal Plain

    The characteristics of each region make unique contributions to our state.

Appalachian plateau aka cumberland plateau tag corner
Appalachian Plateauaka: Cumberland Plateau/ TAG corner

  • Our smallest physiogeographic region

  • From Lookout Mt. to Sand Mt. with ridges of limestone & a long narrow valley in between

  • Soil of limestone, shale & sandstone = hardwoods and pastureland

  • Our only significant coal deposits.

Ridge and valley
Ridge and Valley

  • Lower elevation than Appalachian Plateau

  • Low open valleys and narrow ridges

  • Soil good for forests, pastures, and crops such as grain and apples (Ellijay)

  • Industry includes textiles and carpet (Dalton is the carpet capital of the world)

Blue ridge
Blue Ridge

  • Highest mts. in the state including Brasstown Bald- Georgia’s highest point.

  • Provides water for the entire state through precipitation from trapping warm moist Gulf air

  • Sandy loam and clay soil good for hardwoods, vegetable farming and apples

  • Beginning of Appalachian Trail, home to Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge, and Helen

  • See it while you can. Erosion continues to wear down the height of the mountains.

Blue ridge images
Blue Ridge Images

Brasstown Bald: You can see 3 states from this point. Can you name them?

Amicalola Falls

Helen, Georgia has a strong German influence. Why do you think that is? How does the town of Helen contribute to our state?

Ga. Fruits & Vegetables

Piedmont foot of the mountain
Piedmont: “Foot of the mountain”

  • Begins in the mountain foothills of N. Georgia and goes to the central part of the state.

  • You live in the Piedmont region.

  • Granite based foundation (What’s our largest granite outcropping?)

  • Soil is sandy loam and red clay suitable for growing hardwoods, pine, and agriculture.

  • Cotton belt before the Civil War, now wheat, soybeans, corn, poultry, and cattle.

  • Some of the most densely populated cities and crossed by Chattahoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Oconee rivers.

Piedmont images
Piedmont Images

Georgia’s Flint River starts in Clayton County.

Why do you think most of Georgia’s major cities are located in the Piedmont region?

Sandy loam and red clay are make good soil for agriculture.

Why do you think most of Georgia’s rivers start in the Piedmont region?

Coastal plain
Coastal Plain

  • There are two parts to Georgia’s coastal plain:

  • The Inner Coastal Plain

  • The Outer Coastal Plain

  • Which color do you think represents the Inner Coastal Plain and which color represents the Outer Coastal Plain? Why?

The inner coastal plain
The Inner Coastal Plain

  • Good supply of underground water

  • Major agricultural region: Vidalia Onions, peanuts, pecans, and corn

  • Why do you think President Jimmy Carter was known as “The Peanut Farmer from Georgia” during his campaign?

The outer coastal plain
The Outer Coastal Plain

  • Soil not good for agriculture but trees provide naval stores and pulp production

  • Deep harbors and barrier islands also provide for tourism/recreation, fishing industry, and ports for importing/exporting goods.

  • Location of the earliest visits by explorers, first forts for protection, and Georgia’s first settlements.

  • Ms. LeMon’s favorite region of Georgia.

Outer coastal plain images
Outer Coastal Plain Images

Why do you think a British flag flies over Fort Frederica?

Trees are used to

produce pulp and naval stores. The processed goods are then shipped from our shores.

Our shores continue to bring visitors to our state.

Early map of Savannah

Other important coastal plain features
Other Important Coastal Plain Features

  • Okefenokee Swamp:

    • Covers 681 square miles making it the largest swamp in North America

    • Freshwater wetland (wetland: low-lying land area where water lies close to the surface)

Georgia s barrier islands islands of gold
Georgia’s Barrier Islands“Islands of Gold”

  • Barrier islands protect the mainland from wind, sand, and water that cause erosion.

  • Georgia has 18 barrier islands.

  • These islands are tourist destinations but 2/3 of the land remains wilderness sanctuaries.