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School & Physical Education. What you need to know: The reasons why PE is taught in schools What needs to be included in a PE programme What the PESSCL strategy is and the impact that it has had What the 8 strands are that make up the strategy

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school physical education

School & Physical Education

What you need to know:

  • The reasons why PE is taught in schools
  • What needs to be included in a PE programme
  • What the PESSCL strategy is and the impact that it has had
  • What the 8 strands are that make up the strategy
  • What PESSYP is and the effect that it has had
  • What the healthy schools programme is
  • The range, variety and provision of extra curricular school sport

What you need to be able to do :

Explain the reasons PE is taught in schools

Identify the 6 different areas of the PE National Curriculum

Explain the 8 strands of the PESSCL strategy

Explain how the PESSCL and the PESSYP are linked

Describe the 4 core themes of the National Healthy Schools Programme

Explain how a schools’ facilities, staff attitudes and club links can impact on extra curricular provision

hwk from the summer task
Hwk from the summer task
  • The following question is from the Summer 2011 GCSE PE exam.
  • It relates to the summer task you were set (researching the PESSYP and PESSCL). You have 5 mins to revise your notes.
What is PESSYP an acronym of? [1]
  • There are 10 strands to the PESSYP strategy, pick three and explain their purpose [6]
promoters of physical activity
Promoters of Physical Activity

Schools play a very important part in promoting and encouraging participation in sport and physical activity.

“You are evidence of that yourself!”

Schools have been influential in the promotion of physical activities for centuries in the UK. School days give children a chance to try out different physical activities.

the role of school in promoting pe
The role of school in promoting PE
  • Schools influence and promote sport in a number of ways. PE lessons are what you may have thought of first, but you will know that your teachers provide many recreational and sporting opportunities before, during and after school and at weekends.
  • For your GCSE in PE you need to understand the following ways in which all schools promote participation in physical activity:
  • The National Curriculum (timetabled PE lessons)
  • Examination courses (and Awards)
  • Extra-curricular activities
  • Links with local clubs / sports providers
  • Sports performance awards
why is pe taught in schools
Why is PE taught in schools?
  • Legal requirement (National Curriculum)
  • To improve health and fitness levels
  • To provide a balance of subjects taught (practical)
  • To prepare young people to take part in physical activity when they leave school
  • To provide qualifications in sport
  • To reflect the importance and value of sport and PE in society
thurs 14 th sept
Thurs 14th Sept

All: Understand what the National Curriculum and the

National Healthy Schools programme are.

Most: Explain the purpose and the impact of

these initiatives on school sport AND complete

the 3-in-row task.

Some: Suggest the impact that decreased funding to

these initiatives will have on school sport

the national curriculum
The National Curriculum
  • Government outlines of what needs to be taught in schools (every subject taught in school is part of the National Curriculum)

6 activity areas:

  • Outwitting opponents, as in games activities
  • Accurate replication of actions, phrases and sequences, as in gymnastics activities
  • Exploring and communicating ideas, concepts and emotions, as in dance activities
  • Performing at maximum levels in relation to speed, height, distance, strength or accuracy, as in athletic activities
  • Identifying and solving problems to overcome challenges of an adventurous nature, as in lifesaving and outdoor adventurous activities
  • Exercising safely and effectively to improve health and wellbeing, as in fitness and health activities

KS3 - (Yr7-9)– A school’s PE programme should cover at least 4 of the above.

KS4 - (Yr10-11) A school’s PE programme should cover at least 2 of the above.

examinations and awards in pe sport
Examinations and Awards in PE/Sport
  • Examination Courses (and Awards)
  • Examination courses, like the one you are doing now, mean that you can get a qualification in PE and sport. Qualifications are very important in your life after school and sport related qualifications encourage you to continue to take part in physical activity.
  • Examination courses:
  • GCSE PE, BTEC First for Sport, Short Course GCSE PE, Entry Level Certificate, GNVQ, AS, A-Level, BTEC Diploma
  • Sports Specific Achievement Awards
  • Sports Leaders Award, CSLA, Duke of Edinburgh, Dance Leaders, Coaching Awards (football, netball, etc)
examinations and awards in pe sport1
Examinations and Awards in PE/Sport
  • Examination Courses (and Awards)
  • …continued
  • Through studying PE and sport you will become well informed about the issues surrounding the subject. You will be more likely to continue to participate in sport and activity after you leave school because you understand the value of participation.
  • What are the benefits of participation?
  • Even further into the future, if you choose a career within sport or to have children of your own, you will be more likely to encourage participation yourself.
extra curricular activities
Extra Curricular Activities
  • Extra-curricular activities are those that take place in addition to the requirements of the National Curriculum or examination courses.
  • The variety of opportunities and the level of participation is dependent on the enthusiasm of young people like yourself and the unselfish dedication of the teachers who give up their free time.

Extra-curricular activities commonly include:

  • school sports teams
  • clubs and societies
  • residential holidays, adventure / skiing / sports trips aboard
  • links with local clubs
  • visits to sporting events and venues
school club links
School-Club links
  • Because schools cannot provide all of the activities they wish to offer their pupils, off-site facilities are often used.
  • Schools often make use of off-site facilities for activities such as:

swimming squash rock climbing

archery dance rugby

cricket trekking golf

tennis sailing skate boarding

  • Most clubs are keen to attract young members from the local area. As a Sports College, DSHS employs a School Sports Coordinator to create links between groups of schools and outside sporting organisations.
school club links1
School-Club links


  • As a Sports College, DSHS is in an advantageous position as it receives extra funding to provide you with:
  • More outside coaches and teachers (dance, rugby, rock climbing, etc)
  • More PE on the curriculum (GCSE, BTEC, JSLA, CSLA, etc)
  • More clubs and teams (sailing, table tennis, etc)
  • Wider variety of activities (dance mats, computer clubs, etc)
  • More ICT equipment across the whole school
  • Easter and Summer Schools
  • Opportunities for students to become coaches and leaders
  • More links to local clubs
pesscl strategy
PESSCL strategy

Physical Education and School Sport and Club Links

Introduced in 2003 with a target to:

‘increase the percentage of schoolchildren who spend a minimum of 2hrs a week on high quality PE and school sport within and beyond the curriculum to 75% by 2006 and 85% by 2008’

pesscl strategy1
PESSCL strategy
  • Long term aim – by 2010 all children (5-16) would be offered at least 4 hrs of sport every week:
  • At least 2hrs high quality curriculum PE
  • An additional 2+ hours beyond the school day
pesscl strategy2
PESSCL strategy

Eight strands:

  • Specialist Sports Colleges set up
  • School Sports Partnerships & SSCos
  • Professional Development
  • Step Into Sport
  • School/Club links
  • Gifted and Talented
  • Swimming – raising profile and target for every primary school pupil to be able to swim
  • PE and Sport Investigation
pessyp taken over from pesscl
PESSYP (taken over from PESSCL)

PE and Sport Strategy for Young People

  • Launched by the Government in 2008 –intended as a transition from the PESSCL strategy with new strands but the same objectives.
  • Investment of £755 million over 3years
  • Aimed at 5-19yr olds rather than just 5-16yrs
  • ‘Five Hour Offer’:

-2hrs curriculum time

-3hrs beyond the curriculum

  • 10 strands:

- Club links (NGB’s)

- Coaching – More funds given for School Sport Coaching

- Competition – Formation of National School Sport Week

- Disability – 450 Multi-sport disability clubs established

- Extending Activities – Activities beyond traditonal sports e.g. cheerleading, skateboarding, Wii sports

- Gifted and Talented – Providing support for exceptional young athletes

- Infrastructure – School Sport Partnerships

- Leadership and volunteering – Extending the Step Into Sport initiative

- Swimming – Increasing opportunities

national healthy schools programme
National Healthy Schools Programme
  • Introduced as a long-term initiative to make a significant difference to the health and achievement of school and young people.
  • Closely linked to PE in schools
  • Intention that it will encourage young people to make informed health and life choices in order to reach full potential
  • In order to be successful there needs to be a whole-school approach
  • Main aim is to create children who …

- Are happier

- Are healthier

- Stay safe

- Do better in learning and life

national healthy schools programme1
National Healthy Schools Programme

4 Core themes:

1. Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE)

(citizenship, sex/relationship/drug education, provides knowledge and understanding

for young people to make informed decisions about their lives)

2. Healthy Eating

(Provide children with confidence and knowledge to make healthy eating choices,

provide children with healthy, nutritious food)

3. Physical Activity

(Children and young people provided with a variety of opportunities to be physically

active, help them understand how maintaining a healthy, active, lifestyle can improve

everyday life)

4. Emotional Health and Wellbeing

(supports vulnerable individuals, clear bullying policy, behaviour and rewards policies,

pastoral support system for pupils)

you will need to know understand what all of these mean for the exam definitions in the book
You will need to know/understand what all of these mean for the exam (definitions in the book)
  • Extra-curricular
  • Cross-curricular
  • Specialist Sports College
  • School Sports Coordinator (SSCo)
  • National Governing Body (NGB)
  • Infrastructure
  • School Sport Partnership (SSP)
  • Whole-school approach
  • Economic well-being
  • Recreational
  • Competitive
examiners tips
Examiners Tips…

Questions relating to why PE is compulsory in school are popular (likely to be linked with associated health issues)

Questions are likely to be asked about impact of PESSCL/PESSYP strategies (use examples from DSHS)

You need to be able to link the 4 core themes of the National Healthy Schools Programme (and link with PE curriculum)

It is important that you can describe/discuss what extra-curricular provision actually consists of, state why it is important and advantages that are gained from it.


Using the information that you now possess on the PE National Curriculum, have a go at planning at Y8 Timetable for a boys and girls group – you must ensure the curriculum expectations are met fully.

(Write the sport and the activity area e.g.)

Outwitting Opponents



this is what ours looks like
This is what ours looks like…

As long as all the NC criteria is followed –

there is no right or wrong answer.


Create the mark scheme for 3 questions from the grid in front of you. Your 3 questions must be in a row. (Try to pick the questions that challenge you at the right level)

Your mark scheme should provide three times the available marks.

Example: ‘Identify 1 of the PE National Curriculum activity areas’[1]

Answer: Outwitting Opponents [1]

– correct but other answers would also be acceptable (at least 2 others must be given to meet the task requirements)


Accurate Replication of actions, phrases and sequences [1]

Performing at Maximum levels [1]

extension task
Extension Task
  • As you may be aware the Government are making cuts to lots of areas.
  • Consider the impact that halving the funding to the PESSYP would have:
    • On yourselves?
    • On schools?
    • On other people? (who else would be affected?)

The following are all initiatives introduced as part of the PESSCL strategy.

Find out what each of the following is and produce notes that will enable you to explain to another person next lesson:

  • Young Ambassadors
  • National Talent Orientation Camp
  • The National School Sports Week

Due Tuesday 20th September