Physical Assessment. Professor Debora Halloran Azusa Pacific University. Pediatric Physical Assessment. Neonate and Infant The Young Child School Age and Adolescent. Infant Health History. Developmental History Home Safety Immunizations Review of Systems
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Professor Debora Halloran
Azusa Pacific University
Lift infant under the axillae and hold the infant facing you at eye level
Note shoulder muscle tone and the infant’s ability to stay in your hands without slipping
Turn the infant over and hold him or her prone in your hands, or place the infant prone on the examination table
GRADUALLY FOCUS ON AND INVOLVE YOURSELF WITH THE CHILD AT FIRST IN A “PLAY PERIOD”
Test balance coordination and accuracy of movements.
ASK THE PARENT TO UNDRESS THE CHILD TO THE DIAPER OR UNDERPANTS. POSITION THE OLDER INFANT AND YOUNG CHILD 6 MONTHS TO 2 OR 3 YEARS, IN THE PARENTS LAP.
A 4 OR 5 YEAR OLD USUALLY FEELS COMFORTABLE ON THE EXAMINATION TABLEFINAL PROCEDURES
THE CHILD SHOULD BE SITTING UP IN THE PARENT’S LAP OR ON THE EXAMINATION TABLE, DIAPER OR UNDERPANTS IN PLACE
Note: visual acuity is normally 20/40 during toddler years. Begin vision screening between 3 and 4
Boggy, bluish-purple or gray turbinates:
Chronic rhinorrhea which can result from allergic rhinitis
Note: when inspecting nares or external ear canal, be alert for foreign objects
Note: Generally tonsils are large
Eruption of primary teeth is usually complete by 2.5 years.
Note any baby caries.
Test hearing by age 3 or 4. Hearing deficits warrant follow up.
Toddlers and preschoolers have a high incidence of otitis media
Sequence is the head to toe described in the adult format.
Be aware of developmental considerations