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Unit 1: Vocabulary. By: Mr. Shew. Your First Two Words. Theme. Metaphor. An analogy identifying one object with another and ascribing to the first object qualities of the second. A central idea. In non-fiction it could be the thesis.

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unit 1 vocabulary

Unit 1: Vocabulary

By: Mr. Shew

your first two words
Your First Two Words



An analogy identifying one object with another and ascribing to the first object qualities of the second.

  • A central idea.
  • In non-fiction it could be the thesis.
  • In poems, fiction, and drama it is an abstract concept that is made concrete through a representation.
your turn
Your Turn
  • Take the next five minutes to either make up or draw your own metaphors.
  • Comparing two unlike things using like or as.
  • As far as I can see, they won’t make it for dinner.
  • He runs like the wind!
    • Simile
  • The person or persons telling the story
  • Who ever is talking in the story
  • NOT the author
  • An over exaggeration.
  • I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse.
  • It’s raining cats and dogs.
  • He’s a bean pole.
  • Giving human traits or characteristics to something that isn’t human.
  • The pants were so dirty, they got up and walked out of the room.
  • If my dog could talk, she’d say, “Shut up already.”
  • The over arching problem in the story.
  • What motivates the characters towards action.
  • It drives the plot.
  • Without conflict there is no story.
  • Alliteration is the repetition of a particular sound in a series of words or phrases.
  • I saw Susie sitting in a shoe shine shop. Where she sits she shines, and where she shines she sits.
  • Anything that refers to the senses in some way
  • This includes sight, sound, taste, seeing, and touch words
  • Figurative language also counts in this category
  • Anything the author writes that leaves a picture in your head or appeals to your senses in some way
  • The cadence of a poem or the flow of a story
  • Poets use puncuation, line breaks, and stanzas and to create a rhythm to their work
    • Think song writers
    • CDs usually follow an up and down rhythm
  • Novelists follow a model more like a building crescendo
    • The lead up to the climax is the crescendo, then it falls of
  • The point/purpose of a work
  • It must have a beginning, middle, and end according to Aristotle.
    • Stories that break the rules of plot are usually a hit with critics but regular people hate the,
plot elements freitag s pyramid
Plot Elements/ Freitag’s Pyramid
  • Exposition: The beginning of the work
    • The reader gets information they need to understand and relate to the story
  • Rising Action
    • When the story finally begins to take place
    • The conflict is introduced and the story begins to form
  • Climax
    • The critical moment when the conflict of the story comes to a head
    • Something that brings about the end of the story
    • A single moment or decision that decides the ending
plot elements cont
Plot Elements Cont
  • Falling Action
    • Everything that happens after the climax before the revolution
    • Deals with the consequences of the climax and brings about the resolution
    • Loose ends are tied up
  • Resolution
    • Everything is solved for the best or worst
  • Refers to everything that makes up a person in a work
  • The intangible things that make characters who they are
character characterization
Character/ Characterization



The author directly tells the reader something about the character

“The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.”

  • The process by which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed through the character’s speech, actions, appearance, interactions with other characters, etc…


  • The reader is left to infer what type of person the character is based on the collected information from reading.
  • Any character traits not directly stated by the author.
point of view
Point of View
  • The manner in which the story is told.
  • There are three types of POV
    • 1st person
    • 2nd person
    • 3rd Person
  • Each of these is broken into another two categories
    • Omniscient
    • Limited
  • POV can be broken down even more, but for our purposes this is all you’ll be tested on.
pov styles
POV Styles
  • 1st Person
    • The story is told using the I, me, my pronouns.
    • Usually the main character is telling the events as they happened to them.
  • 3rd Person
    • This uses indirect pronouns such as he, she, they, and them
    • The main characters and narrator are usual separate people
pov categories
POV Categories
  • Limited
    • The reader only sees the thoughts of one character in the story or one at a time.
    • Limited view of the inner thoughts of characters.
  • Omniscient
    • The narrator is all knowing and all seeing
    • The reader sees the thoughts of any and all characters
do not go gently into that good night
“Do Not Go Gently into That Good Night”
  • What is the theme of this poem? What is the purpose?
  • How does the author’s word choices effect the overall feel of the poem?
  • What feelings does this poem inspire in you?
  • Why do you think the author repeats the same final line in stanza’s 1, 3, 4, 5?
  • What is the good night? How is it a pun/play on words?
  • Identify at least two metaphors for death or dying in the poem.
  • What is the rhyme scheme of this poem? Does it have any effect on the poem?