Changing urban models in MEDCs. MEDCs!. How is land use changing in MEDCs? What problems can this cause and how can these problems be solved?. The Rural-Urban Fringe. Rural-urban fringe: The boundary between the urban area (towns and cities) and the rural area (countryside).
How is land use changing in MEDCs?
What problems can this cause and how can these problems be solved?
Rural-urban fringe: The boundary between the urban area (towns and cities) and the rural area (countryside).
Because so many people want to work and live in the rural-urban fringe, different groups frequently come into conflict over how to use it. Groups that may come into conflict include:
Hikers and cyclists
Business or science parks
a. What is the difference between suburbanisation and counterurbanisation?
b. Who moves?
c. What are the push/pull factors for people moving out of the cities?
d. What factors have helped counterurbanisation?
e. Create two spider diagrams to show the positive and negative impacts of counterurbanisation on rural areas
- Increased affluence and better transport allowing people to move to suburbs leaving the central area (and some movement to smaller towns) – but still some attracted to the city.
- Suburbanisation and counterurbanisation are dominant trends - the case in the France and USA (but some movement back to city centre / inner city areas)
Source of Diagram – Geography in Focus, I Cook et al. 2000 (Causeway Press)
What is it?
Counterurbanisation is the movement of people from urban areas into rural areas (leaving the city and moving to smaller towns and villages).
There are 2 distinct trends:
Counterurbanisation began in many parts of Western Europe in the 1960s in particular.
What are the push / pull factors?