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Contemporary Tourism

Contemporary Tourism

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Contemporary Tourism

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Contemporary Tourism Planning and Managing the Contemporary Tourism Destination

  2. Lecture Objectives • Understand the key questions facing tourism planning as a field of planning • Recognise the five different traditions of tourism planning and their key features • Appreciate the difficulties of developing a sustainable approach to contemporary tourism • Recognise how changes in planning approaches may be related to changes in the intellectual and physical environment • Understand the differences between low and high-road approaches to regional competitiveness and development

  3. Planning and Managing • Plan and manage a complex amalgam of destination products • Nature of the destination demands planning • Highly contested issue

  4. Planning • Averts negative consequences • Tourism symbiotic with the recreation and conservation • Pluralistic • Political • Strategic and integrative • Regional

  5. Development of Planning • Destination planning relatively recent • History of planning • Justification of planning • Rules of the game • Effectiveness in the mixed economy • What planners do

  6. Changing Approaches • Due to: • Ideas about planning • External environment of destination • Changes in the destination itself

  7. 5 Traditions of Planning • i) ‘Boosterism’; • ii) An economic, industry-oriented approach; • iii) A physical/spatial approach; • iv) A community-oriented approach; and • v) A sustainable tourism approach.

  8. Responsibilities • No single agreed approach • Organizations have different traditions and responsibilities • Rare to have a single agency with destination responsibility

  9. Sustainable Destinations and Regions • Tourism as the most appropriate use for destinations • Whole of destination approach • Low road or high road policies