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JASPERS’ support for improving integrated waste management

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  1. JASPERS’ support for improving integrated waste management Prospects of Implementing Integrated Waste Management in Romania in 2014 – 2020 Mamaia, 26 June 2014

  2. In 2007, JASPERS worked in 12 countries; today, JASPERS works in 17 countries

  3. Challenges in new Member States Observed issue… …in direct conflict with: Waste Hierarchy Landfill disposal is by far the most common way Targets in Landfill Directive (diversion of biowaste) Landfill Directive (minimization of environmental hazards) In many cases, landfills are not compliant No tradition or means (e.g. no separate collection) for recovery and recycling Waste Hierarchy Targets in Packaging Waste Directive (recovery & recycling) Poor application of Polluter Pays Principle and, in any case, significant affordability constraints Significant investment needs to bring the systems up to the standards Efficient use of (scarce) available resources Fragmentation of sector and weak institutional setting

  4. Typical components of integrated waste management project Glass Plastic Paper Metal Separate collection of recyclables SORTING FACILITY MARKET COMPOSTING / ANAEROBIC DIGESTION FACILITY Separate collection of biowaste High Quality Compost Biogas or LANDFILL Low Quality Compost Residues Refuse-derived Fuel (RDF) Improved collection of residual waste MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT or ENERGY WASTE INCINERATOR

  5. Main drivers of integrated waste management project • Two main targets: • Increase to a minimum of 50% by 2020, the preparing for re-use and the recycling of waste materials such as at least paper, metal, plastic and glass from households and possibly from other origins as far as these waste streams are similar to waste from households (Article 11(2) of Directive 2008/98/EC); and • Reduce the amount of biodegradable municipal waste that is disposed of in landfills to 35% of 1995 levels by 2016 (Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC).

  6. Typical cost breakdown of integrated waste management project • Cost of €40-50 million broken down as follows: • €8-10 million for waste collection and sorting (bins, platforms, transfer stations, sorting stations, home composters) • €24-30 million for treatment and disposal (mechanical-biological treatment, composting, landfills) • €8-10 million for closure of non-compliant landfills

  7. Scope of JASPERS’ involvement Two main tasks: • Support the beneficiary in supervising consultants in charge of preparing the project • Review project application and supporting documents before they are sent to the EC for approval Goals: • Ensure that option analysis selects option with highest Economic Net Present Value • Design payment mechanism strong enough to ensure sustainability of waste management system

  8. Key considerations • Construction of waste management infrastructure: A key step, but only the first step • Population needs to become a strong and reliable stakeholder: Carry out continuously intensive awareness campaigns • Main challenge to reach the targets in the EU Directives: Operate the infrastructure properly

  9. Successful recycling in Constanta, Romania • M&M receives plastic waste collected separately from households and businesses • Sorting capacity: 200 t/d • Production of plastic materials (LLDPE, LDPE, HDPE, PP, BOPP granules) • Exports plastic films and plastic bags to Germany

  10. Objectives of 2014-2020 Cohesion Policy Regulation 1303/2013 (repealing Regulation 1083/2006): • Strengthen the EU’s economic, social and territorial cohesion • Align with ‘Europe 2020’ and its focus on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth • Increase thematic focus & performance orientation (ex-ante conditionality; performance reserve…)

  11. New tool: ex-ante conditionality Definition: • "Applicable ex ante conditionality“: concrete and precisely pre-defined critical factor, which is a necessary prerequisite for and has a direct and genuine link to and direct impact on the effective and efficient achievement of the specific objective for an investment priority or a Union priority." (Art 2 CPR –1303/2013) Goals: • Improve the effectiveness of investment • Ensure that the necessary framework conditions for effective use of Union support are in place

  12. Ex-ante conditionality for waste sector • Promoting economically and environmentally sustainable investments in the waste sector particularly by the development of waste management plans consistent with Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, and with the waste hierarchy

  13. Four criteria for fulfilling ex-ante conditionality in waste sector • A report has been submitted to the Commission on progress towards targets of Article 11 of Directive 2008/98/EC and intended actions to meet the targets. • The existence of one or more waste management plans as required by Article 28 of Directive 2008/98/EC. • A Member State has established, consistent with Articles 1 and 4 of Directive 2008/98/EC, waste prevention programmes, as required by Article 29 of the Directive. • Necessary measures to achieve the target on re-use and recycling by 2020 consistent with Article 11.2 of Directive 2008/98/EC have been adopted.

  14. Timetable for 2014-2020 programming • Adoption of partnership agreements: by the end of August 2014 at the latest • Adoption of operational programmes: by the end of January 2015 at the latest

  15. Key changes since 2007-2013 • Definition of major project (Art. 100): Eligible costs > €50 million (€75 million for transport) • List of major projects to be included in Operational programme • Payment eligibility: 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2023

  16. Key changes since 2007-2013 (Continued) • Possibility to use flat rate percentage (20% for waste) to determine potential net revenue (Art. 61) • Independent quality reviewers (IQR) (Art. 100-102) • Spend at least 20% of operational programme funds on climate-focused activities

  17. Adapt solid waste management to climate change • Reinforce infrastructure against landslides and flooding • Identify disposal or treatment sites outside of floodplains • Adjust practices to take into account higher temperatures: • Reduced need for heat; • Increased odour problems; • Increased peak loads of leachate; • Increased opportunity to use solid waste compost to remediate depletion of organic matter in soil. • Compliant waste management practices strongly contribute to climate change mitigation –up to 72% of benefits from waste projects co-financed by EU funds in Romania