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The New England Colonies (Commerce and Religion). Main Idea-Fishing and trade contributed to the growth and prosperity of the New England Colonies. Why the New England Colonial Region is Distinct. Long winters and rocky soil.

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the new england colonies commerce and religion

The New England Colonies(Commerce and Religion)

Main Idea-Fishing and trade contributed to the growth and prosperity of the New England Colonies.

why the new england colonial region is distinct
Why the New England Colonial Region is Distinct
  • Long winters and rocky soil.
  • Englishsettlers made up the largest group in this region’s population.
farms and towns
Farms and Towns
  • SubsistenceFarming-Producing just enough food for themselves and sometimes a little extra for trade in town.
  • New England farmer lived near town, b/c plots of land were sold to groups of people not the individual.
  • New England towns- farmhouses surrounded the square (like a town hall)
harvesting the sea
Harvesting the Sea
  • Atlantic ocean offered many economic opportunities
  • Rich fishing grounds off the coast.
  • Forests provided the materials needed for commercial fishing- TIMBER.
  • Coastal cities like Boston, Salem, New Haven, and Newport grew rich from fishing.
atlantic trade
ATLANTIC TRADE
  • TRIANGULAR TRADE-trading route with three stops.
  • EXAMPLE- Trade between the Colonies, Africa and the West Indies. (see notes)
  • New England made enormous profits from trade forcing the English Government to pass the Navigation Acts. (see notes)
slavery in new england
Slavery in New England
  • Few slaves- Just not economical to use that type of labor force on small subsistence farms.
  • Some slavery used in the larger towns (for work as stable-hands, cooks, gardeners)
  • New England had the largest population of free Africans.
changes in puritan society
Changes in Puritan Society
  • Puritan religion declined in popularity.
  • Drive of economic success competed with Puritan ideals.
  • Increases competition from other religion groups (i.e Baptists)
  • Political Changes- Religious tolerance laws took away the Puritans ability to control elections.