Introduction to the Magisterium
Meaning of “Magisterium” • From Latin Magister • Title conferred upon scholars • Person of authority in a given discipline
Content of the Teaching • Deposit of Revelation • Not something that originates within humans • What does the Faith consist of • Subdivided into topics: • Christology • Soteriology • Eschatology • Trinitarian theology • Hermeneutics • Moral theology • Dogmatic theology • Systematic theology • Sacramental theology • Creedal formulas Two scripture scholars enjoying a lively debate.
What does Teaching consist of • Content and Expression of the truth • Define and preserve the faith • Importance of defining • Only define when necessary to protect
Can Teaching Occur without Learning • Need faithful to accept learning • This is because teaching implies learning • Magisterium needs to hear from the people • Needs to know what issues need to be addressed • Magisterium is not static, because humanity is not static Without the learners, there can be no learning
Who Occupies the Teaching Office • Answer changes over time • First few millennia (Age of Church Fathers) • Magisterium was theologizing • Theologians, Magisterium, and bishops all interchangeable • Bishops writing theological Treatises
Medieval Period • Infusion of philosophy • Two Teaching offices emerge • Office of Ordained Ministers • Office of University Academic Teachers • At Councils both give input • Only those in the Ordained Office vote • Some Academics very influential though (Doctors of the Church) The Professor and the Priest Representing the two offices
Renaissance to modernity This picture sums up the sad look on University Theologians after being removed from the teaching office of the Church • New Understanding at Council of Trent • Theologians not invited • After Napoleon, Academic Teaching office of Church Removed • Papal Infallibility at Vatican I • Pope Pius XII promulgates Humani Generis
Vatican II and Beyond • Reemphasize role of Academics • Theologians needed • Magisterium protects faith • Theologians mediate and find new ways of expressing faith • If separate tasks, does someone like Ratzinger present a problem?