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WWW Introduction to the Internet Email News Groupware FTP Name some things you know about the Internet List a couple of things you would like to know about the Internet What is the Internet? Connection of regional networks Spaghetti and Jello International connectivity

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introduction to the internet

WWW

Introduction to the Internet

Email

News

Groupware

FTP

it s a network of networks

Connection

of regional

networks

Spaghetti

and

Jello

International connectivity

Distributed

not centralized

Not just

the Internet

It’s a Network of Networks
the internet is non proprietary
The Internet is Non-proprietary
  • No one owns or controls the Internet
  • The future
    • Fee vs. free
    • Public vs. private
    • Internet II
the networks have common protocols rules
The Networks have Common Protocols (Rules)
  • Common Language - TCP/IP
    • 1983
    • Allows transmission over different networks
  • Packet transfer/packet switching
    • Files broken into parts
    • Parts addressed to final destination
    • Parts may take different routes

(moving van example)

accessing internet resources

Email

Accessing Internet Resources

Discussion Lists

News

Telnet

FTP

Internet Resources

Groupware

Gopher

World Wide Web

Chats

internet communication tools
Internet Communication Tools
  • Computer-Mediated Communication Tools
    • Electronic Mail
    • Discussion Groups
    • UseNet News
    • Internet Relay Chat
    • Groupware
electronic mail
Electronic Mail
  • Online messaging services between computer users
  • One-to-one
  • Multiple addresses
  • Asynchronous (not real time) communication
  • Text-based
  • Netiquette very important
basic email features
Basic Email Features

Send

Delete

Read

Reply

Forward

additional email features
Separate mailboxes

Signature files

Nicknames

Username Lookup

Attachments

Change Queuing

Filtering

Compacting

Additional Email Features
internet addresses
Internet Addresses

userid @host.institution.domain

draleigh@uwec.edu

bergmama@uwec.edu

common address forms
Common Address Forms
  • America On-Line
    • username@aol.com
  • Prodigy
    • username@prodigy.com
  • Internet Service Provider
    • Example: username@win.bright.net
  • University/Internet
    • Example: username@students.wisc.edu
questions and comments
Questions and Comments

Email is taking over

my life!

discussion groups
Discussion Groups
  • Group Communication
  • Uses electronic mail
  • Single theme or topic
  • Contains threads of conversation within theme
  • Subscribe and Unsubscribe
  • Can temporarily suspend subscription
  • May be very prolific
discussion lists
Discussion Lists
  • International
  • Different addresses: listserv vs. List
  • One-way or two-way; always asynchronous
  • People
    • lurk
    • post, followup, reply
  • Participants’ knowledge varies
  • Netiquette very important
set up methods

Unmoderated--messages

come directly from sender

to the group

Moderated--messages

go from sender to moderator

to the group

Set-Up Methods
receive methods
Receive methods

From Archives

Digest

Individual Messages

common commands sent to the listserv address
subscribe

nomail

ack

repro

conceal

digest

unsubscribe

mail

noack

norepro

noconceal

nodigest

Common commands--sent to the listserv address
common commands sent to the listserv address cont
Common commands--sent to the listserv address (cont.)
  • review
  • index
  • info refcard
  • unsubscribe/signoff
common commands sent to the list address
Common commands--sent to the list address
  • new message--posts a new “thread of conversation
  • reply to a message--adds to an existing “thread” of conversation
  • can also:
    • reply to an individual who posted a new “thread” or a reply to the list
usenet news
UseNet News
  • Similar to discussion groups--people communicate on a topic of common interest
  • News resides on a computer
    • Does not rely on electronic mail
    • Do not need to subscribe/unsubscribe
  • Can post messages, reply to

messages, and/or lurk

  • Participants’ knowledge varies
  • Netiquette very important
chats

Different Place

Same time (snychronous) communication

Chats
groupware
Groupware
  • Different time (asychronous) communication
  • Variety of uses
  • Multimedia focus
  • Local or distance
examples of groupware
Lotus Notes/Learning Space

Microsoft Outlook

First Class

NiceNet

Examples of Groupware
internet netiquette
Internet Netiquette
  • Accepted customs for using the net
    • DO NOT TYPE IN ALL CAPS
    • Use emoticons :) :) ;-)
    • Common abbreviations: BTW, IMHO
    • Be polite; avoid flaming
    • Keep your cool!
    • Repeat part of message when replying
tip for using cmc
Tip for Using CMC
  • Remember, once a message leaves your computer, you no longer have control over it!
internet access tools39
Internet Access Tools

Telnet

Gopher

Internet Resources

FTP

WWW

url s

Internet tool

Address

Path

URL’s

Uniform Resource Locators have 3 parts

http://www.uwec.edu/Info/IT/Sup/Help/help.htm

internet address url s
Internet Address--URL’s

Several Internet resources use URLs

  • Gopher--Example: Gopher Jewels
    • Gopher://cwis.usc.edu
  • Telnet--Example: CARL
    • telnet://carl.colorado.edu or
    • telnet://pac.carl.org
  • WWW--Example: Global Schoolhouse
    • http://k12.cnidr.org/gsh/gshwelcome.html
more info on urls
More Info on URLs
  • Represent IP Numbers
  • CaSe SEnSiTIve
  • Some servers will not accept the full URL
  • example, if http://www.eff.org/govt.html gives an error; use http://www.eff.org/
  • Sometimes do not work
world wide web www
World Wide Web (WWW)
  • Hypertext links to Internet resources
  • Fastest growing Internet tool
  • Text, images, sound, video
  • Can set bookmarks and save files
  • Incorporates Email, UseNet News, Gopher, Telnet, FTP
world wide web www45
World Wide Web (WWW)
  • Can order products
  • Be careful about credit card numbers
  • Speed and file size can be a problem
  • Requires helper programs
    • to hear sounds
    • to view images
    • to play videos
    • to view some text files
gopher
Gopher
  • Accessible through WWW
  • Mostly text based
  • Relies on a menuing system
  • Has similar resourcesthat WWW has
how to find web gopher resources
How to Find Web & Gopher Resources
  • Colleagues
  • Magazines
  • On-line discussion lists
  • Newspapers
  • Search Engines (Veronica,

InfoSeek, Lycos, Web Crawler)

  • Exploration
resource evaluations
Resource Evaluations
  • Do you know the “author”?
  • Is the source copyrighted?
  • Is it a credible source? Should it be?
  • Is it the current version? Should it be?
  • Is it fact or opinion?
  • How do you cite it?
telnet remote login
Telnet (remote login)
  • Access to resources on “remote” computers
    • Online library catalogs
    • CARL
    • Supercomputers
  • Authorized account holder
  • Anonymous login--guest login
  • Read-only
  • Know the address; read the directions!
file transfer ftp
File Transfer (FTP)
  • Move files from one computer to another
    • Software (programs, games, utilities, etc.)
    • Reports and documents
    • Bibliographies
    • Images and sounds
  • Must know address
  • Anonymous login
  • Be aware of virus possibilities
wrap up of intro information
Wrap up of Intro Information
  • Questions & Answers

Donna Raleigh

draleigh@uwec.edu