Other Theories for Why Crime Happens Psychological, Biological, Sociological, Classical
What is the difference between Mass and Serial Killing? • GENERALLY – serial killing is over time and mass murder is considered four or more victims at one time (or within hours).
Mass Murderers Fall into 3 Types • Family Annihilators • Individuals with mental defects • Disgruntled Workers (going postal)
Mass Murders • Different sources will say that genocide qualifies as mass murder.
So what was Charles Starkweather? • Psychopath or Mass Murderer?
Other Psychological Theories • Behavioral conditioning • The right rewards and punishments must be offered to get the desired behavior.
Behavioral Conditioning • Crime is the result of inappropriate behavioral conditioning. • We can condition people to act another way.
Crimes Associated With Behavioral Conditioning? • Domestic Assault • Burglary / Theft? • Gang-related?
Classical Theory – Another Psychological Motivation for Crime • Crime is caused by individuals free will. • It is a choice people consciously make. • Punishment must be swift and certain to stop the behavior.
Classical Theory and Types of Crimes • Theft / Burglary / Assaults? • Juvenile Crime? • Domestic Violence? • DUI offenses • Drug offensives • Prostitution / Panhandling?
Classical Theory Believes that ONLY punishment deters crime • Crime is only deterred IF punishment is more painful and swifter than any potential reward or pleasure that was expected.
Two Types of Crimes in Classical Theory • Instrumental Crimes • Murder, Burglary, Fraud • PLANNING and financial rewards seen • Expressive Crimes • Murder, Rape, DUI, Drugs • Where pleasure is the primary goal • Which should receive a harsher punishment?
Biological Reasons for Crime • “Criminal genes” cause deviant behavior??? • Chromosome Theory – XYY Syndrome • Environmental contaminants influence on body.
Biological Reasons for Crime • Hormonal changes, nutrition and physical trauma reasons for crime.
Sociological Reasons for Crime • The structure of society creates crime. • Rich v. Poor • Higher crime where rich / poor mix. • Laws created to protect rich from poor. • Michael Milken v. Vernon Webster