Why does society punish offenders
Download
1 / 18

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 139 Views
  • Updated On :

Why does society punish offenders?. Retribution Reform Deterrence. Today’s session. Has our society ‘gone soft’ on crime?. Prison population in England & Wales. Source: Morgan (2002). Prison population in England & Wales. There are 140 people in prison per 100,000 population in E & W.

Related searches for

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - nhi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Slide2 l.jpg





Prison population in england wales6 l.jpg
Prison population in England & Wales

  • There are 140 people in prison per 100,000 population in E & W.

    • 50% higher than France, Germany & Italy

    • Double rate of most Scandinavian countries

    • Substantially lower than US (700+/100,000)

  • The prison population has grown steadily since 1946

    • Doubled since 1991

    • Length of sentence has also been increasing


Purposes of prison l.jpg
Purposes of prison

  • Morgan (2002) lists three purposes:

    • Custody

    • Coercion

    • Punishment

  • Only the punishment function interests us.

    • Recidivism = return to criminal activities following judicial punishment

    • Recidivism rate is a measure of the effectiveness of punishment


Slide8 l.jpg



Why doesn t prison work l.jpg
Why doesn’t prison work? offending. So why doesn’t it?

  • Offending is not always a rational choice

  • Prison does not adhere to known principles of learning. Punishment should be:

    • Probable

    • Prompt

    • Aversive

  • How might imprisonment fail to meet these criteria?


Slide11 l.jpg

  • Probable offending. So why doesn’t it?

    • Many crimes are never solved, so punishment unlikely

  • Prompt

    • Long delay between offending and eventual imprisonment

  • Aversive

    • Not necessarily, given circumstances of many offenders

  • Do offenders learn not to offend or not to get caught?


Slide12 l.jpg


Non custodial sentencing l.jpg
Non-custodial sentencing imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

  • How, besides imprisonment, does our judicial system respond to offenders?

    • Admonishment (e.g. police caution)

    • Fines

    • Probation (community rehabilitation order)

    • Reparation & restitution (e.g. community punishment order)


Slide14 l.jpg

  • In your groups: imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

    • Consider the possible advantages and disadvantages of the sentence you are assigned, relative to imprisonment

    • Think about: (1) potential to reform the offender; (2) additional effects on the offender/society; (3) economic implications


Fines l.jpg
Fines imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

  • Walker & Farrington (1981): lower recidivism than probation or suspended prison sentence

  • Feldman (1993) lower reconvictions than the alternatives for first offences


Probation l.jpg
Probation imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

  • Oldfield (1996): prison – 63% recidivism; probation – 41% recidivism

  • Roshier (1995): prison 64%; probation 41%


Reparation restitution l.jpg
Reparation & restitution imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

  • Schneider (1986): restitution marginally more effective than alternatives, but depends on programme and community


General issues l.jpg
General issues imprisonment to reform offenders, we have a choice between making prisons even more unpleasant and rethinking the whole idea. Which do you favour and why?

  • Offenders take little account of judicial sanctions when weighing up costs and benefits of offending (McDonald, 1989)

  • Offenders are not randomly assigned to sentences; differences in recidivism may be due to judicial risk assessment

  • In terms of recidivism, non-custodial sentences are no worse than imprisonment and can be much better


ad