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“Old Dead Guys” -Collection II Background-. By: Cheyenne Johnson. Definitions. Meter- A Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. Figure Of Speech- A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and that is not meant to be taken literally.

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  • Meter- A Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.
  • Figure Of Speech- A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and that is not meant to be taken literally.
  • Metaphor- A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than or resembles.(*There are several kinds of metaphors- Directly stated, implied, and extended mataphors.* )
  • Symbolism- A literary movement that originated in the late 19th century France, in which writers rearranged the world of appearances in order to reveal a more truthful version of reality.
  • Sound effects in poetry- the use of sounds to create specific literary effects. Writers such devices to make the sounds of a work convey and enhance it’s meaning.
  • Rhythm- The alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language.
  • Rhyme- The repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all succeeding syllables. (*There are many different types of rhyme: Internal rhyme, end rhyme, and rhyme scheme.*)
  • Alliteration- The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.
  • Onomatopoeia- The use of a word whose sounds imitates or suggests it’s meaning.
  • Assonance- The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words close together.
  • Consonance- The repetition of the same or similar final consonant sounds on accented syllables or in important words.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

“The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls”

Along the sea sands damp and brown

The traveler hastens toward the town,

And the tide rises, the tide falls.

The underlined part of the poem is the meter. Along is stressed in the beginning and unstressed at the ng. the is stressed and sea is unstressed. Sands is stressed and unstressed in damp. This leaves stressed and brown unstressed.

figure of speech self reliance
“Figure of Speech”“Self-Reliance”

“Society is a joint-stock company.”

Here Emerson compares society to a business where the shareholders or owners are held personally liable.

  • “Thanatopsis”
  • By: Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • “By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave like one who wraps the drapery of his couch.”

- This compares unfaltering trust to the wraps the drapery of couch.-

symbolism by edgar allan poe
“Symbolism”By: Edgar Allan Poe

“They who dream by day are cognizant of many things in which escape those who dream only by night.”


“Along the sea-sand damp and brown.”

-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

::The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls::

  • A few can touch the magic string, and noisy fame is proud to win them: Alas for those that never sing, but die with all their music in them!
  • -Oliver Wendell Holmes
  • We will walk on our own feet:

We will work with our own hands:

We will speak our own mind.

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson   
  • This is alteration because, it uses the same or consonant sounds in words that are close together.
  • “Humph! Said the Tom Walker as he gave it a kick to shake the dirt from it.”
  • - Washington Irving
  • This quote was from The Devil and Tom Walker

This is an onomatopoeia because he uses the word “HUMPH”; like he saying hmmm.


“From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore -For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore -Nameless here for evermore.”

  • Edgar  Allen Poe, The Raven
  • Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven"
  • "And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain"
cheyenne s generalization
“Cheyenne’s Generalization”
  • Edgar Allan Poe(1909-1849)

Edgar Allan Poe was a very dependent, adventurous, and unique individual. Poe was never treated fairly by his parents and his father even withdrew him out of college. After this Poe headed off to Boston to make his own way in the world. This to me was the smartest thing Poe had done for himself. It take a lot of heart and thought to leave to be a responsible individual. Also Poe published a book that did not go so well so off he went into the army. Later in 1829 Poe published another book in which consisted of poems. This served him with the recognition of a real writer. All around Poe was a very unique individual and he deserves all of the fame and glory he is still getting today.

how poe still effects us today
How Poe still effects us today…
  • Poe is a writer that touches peoples and their everyday experiences. He is so well noticed in today’s world because he was a real. Poe worked as a writer to support his family at various magazines. Now in this time and day people write, work, and do other odd and end jobs to support their family. He was educated in physiological matters in which we still experience today. Now in 2007 classes are taught to students in which we can experience why he was so good at his psychological thrillers. Poe was also great for his small triumphs and great tragedy. These triumphs and great tragedies still continue on today and will always be a part of our history.
works cited
“Works Cited”
  • Holt’s Elements of Literature
  • www.brainyquote.com