THE BLACK DEATH: BRING OUT YOUR DEAD!. The Great Plague 1348-1350 AD. THE BLACK DEATH. Watch the video clip Bring out your dead – Monty Python and the Holy Grail. What are your thoughts on the video clip?. THE BLACK DEATH. Ring Around the Rosie Pocket Full of Posies Ashes, Ashes
The Great Plague 1348-1350 AD
Watch the video clip Bring out your dead – Monty Python and the Holy Grail.
What are your thoughts on the video clip?
FIRST THEN SPREADS NORTH
The Black Death starts
in China/Mongolia then
spreads to Europe along
the trade routes
*The population between the tenth and fourteenth centuries increased by over 300%.
*By the mid 1300’s the population of Europe was over 75 million people.
*Many serfs became not as dependent on the farm and could move leading to the increase in the size of cities.
PROBLEMS IN THE CITIES AND TOWNS:
1. Houses lacked plumbing, running water, or bathrooms. Chamber pots were used and then emptied into the streets. Walls of castles and houses were stained with human excrement.
2. Wealthier families had cesspools that often leaked into the water supply. In addition, the graveyards within the town presented a problem because of decaying bodies leaked into the water supply as well,
4. Before the plague these towns and cities experienced diseases like cholera, smallpox, and influenza.
2. CAUSATION / TRANSMISSION
1-The Black death is caused by Yersinia Pestis, a bacteria that lives in the digestive track of fleas. There the bacteria thrives and multiplies.
Three types of Plague:
1. Pneumonic Plague: This type of plague infected the lungs of the victim. After a three day period of incubation, the person would get a fever and a terrible cough that produced blood. Coma would soon follow. This strain is rare but 95% fatal. This was transmitted from human to human by coughing.
3-Bubonic Plague: This is the most common form of plague and what we know as the “Black Death”. The incubation period of this plague is anywhere from three to eight days. The bacteria multiply in the lymph nodes of the victim causing swelling on the neck, groin, and/or armpits. These swellings are called buboes, thus the term bubonic.
The bacteria then moves into the blood stream and attacks the organs. Under the skin the blood vessels break and cause the skin to change colors (darker and darker until almost black). Often blood would ooze from the skin and bowels. Urine would turn black or red. Fatality rates were 50% - 60%.
When the outbreak of plague hit Paris, King Philip VI asked the physicians at the University of Paris to look into the causes. They thought the plague was caused by an upset alignment of the stars and the sun.
1. People were told not to sleep during the day
2. Diets of broth were recommended
3. Fires were believed to drive away the pestilence and people were told to keep warm.
This last point worked as the fires kept away the fleas. Pope Clement VI, living in Avignon, sat in his closed room for months between two large fires. He survived the plague.
1. Bloodletting- The buboes were cut open to release blood.
2. The person was forced to vomit
1. Drink melted gold
2. Swallow blood from a victim that survived the plague
3. Place on the buboes the blood from a pigeon or one month old puppy
4. Magic – ABRACADABRA worn around the neck on a triangular piece of paper.
was suppose to ward off the plague.
4. Between 1901 – 1904, 122 people died in an outbreak of the plague in the San Francisco area.
5. In 1925, at least 33 people died of the plague in Los Angeles.
7. In 1994, a plague epidemic broke out in India and as many as 5,000 were infected with between 50 – 300 deaths.
What changes in the 1300’s could have helped prevent this catastrophe?
One deck hearts/clubs/spades only
Bring Out Your Dead! Recreating the black Death in the Classroom – Bell, Book and Camera Productions
Gottfried, Robert S. The Black Death: Natural and Human Disasters in Medieval Europe. New York: The Free Press, 1983